skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of Fe substitution on the structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of half-metallic Co 2TiSi

Abstract

The structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of Co 2Ti 1-xFe xSi (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5) ribbons prepared by arc-melting and melt-spinning were investigated. The rapidly quenched Co 2Ti 0.5Fe 0.5Si crystallized in the cubic L2 1 structure whereas Co 2Ti 0.75Fe 0.25Si and Co 2TiFe 0Si showed various degrees of B2-type disorder. At room temperature, all the samples are ferromagnetic, and the Curie temperature increased from 360 K for Co 2TiSi to about 800 K for Co 2Ti 0.5Fe 0.5Si. The measured magnetization also increased due to partial substitution of Fe for Ti atoms. The ribbons are moderately conducting and show positive temperature coefficient of resistivity with the room temperature resistivity being between 360 μΩcm and 440 μΩcm. The experimentally observed structural and magnetic properties are consistent with the results of first-principle calculations. Our calculations also indicate that the Co 2Ti 1-xFe xSi compound remains nearly half-metallic for x ≤ 0.5. In conclusion, the predicted large band gaps and high Curie temperatures much above room temperature make these materials promising for room temperature spintronic and magnetic applications.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  2. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States); South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD (United States)
  3. Univ. of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1349327
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1393524; OSTI ID: 1421285
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-04ER46152
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Carbon dioxide; Curie poin; tX-ray diffraction; Rietveld refinement; Crystal structure

Citation Formats

Jin, Y., Waybright, J., Kharel, P., Tutic, I., Herran, J., Lukashev, P., Valloppilly, S., and Sellmyer, D. J.. Effect of Fe substitution on the structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of half-metallic Co2TiSi. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4974281.
Jin, Y., Waybright, J., Kharel, P., Tutic, I., Herran, J., Lukashev, P., Valloppilly, S., & Sellmyer, D. J.. Effect of Fe substitution on the structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of half-metallic Co2TiSi. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4974281.
Jin, Y., Waybright, J., Kharel, P., Tutic, I., Herran, J., Lukashev, P., Valloppilly, S., and Sellmyer, D. J.. Wed . "Effect of Fe substitution on the structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of half-metallic Co2TiSi". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4974281.
@article{osti_1349327,
title = {Effect of Fe substitution on the structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of half-metallic Co2TiSi},
author = {Jin, Y. and Waybright, J. and Kharel, P. and Tutic, I. and Herran, J. and Lukashev, P. and Valloppilly, S. and Sellmyer, D. J.},
abstractNote = {The structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of Co2Ti1-xFexSi (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5) ribbons prepared by arc-melting and melt-spinning were investigated. The rapidly quenched Co2Ti0.5Fe0.5Si crystallized in the cubic L21 structure whereas Co2Ti0.75Fe0.25Si and Co2TiFe0Si showed various degrees of B2-type disorder. At room temperature, all the samples are ferromagnetic, and the Curie temperature increased from 360 K for Co2TiSi to about 800 K for Co2Ti0.5Fe0.5Si. The measured magnetization also increased due to partial substitution of Fe for Ti atoms. The ribbons are moderately conducting and show positive temperature coefficient of resistivity with the room temperature resistivity being between 360 μΩcm and 440 μΩcm. The experimentally observed structural and magnetic properties are consistent with the results of first-principle calculations. Our calculations also indicate that the Co2Ti1-xFexSi compound remains nearly half-metallic for x ≤ 0.5. In conclusion, the predicted large band gaps and high Curie temperatures much above room temperature make these materials promising for room temperature spintronic and magnetic applications.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4974281},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 5,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 11 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Jan 11 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1063/1.4974281

Save / Share:
  • The structural, magnetic and electron-transport properties of Co 2Ti 1-xFe xSi (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5) ribbons prepared by arc-melting and melt-spinning were investigated. The rapidly quenched Co 2Ti 0.5Fe 0.5Si crystallized in the cubic L2 1 structure whereas Co 2Ti 0.75Fe 0.25Si and Co 2TiFe 0Si showed various degrees of B2-type disorder. At room temperature, all the samples are ferromagnetic, and the Curie temperature increased from 360 K for Co 2TiSi to about 800 K for Co 2Ti 0.5Fe 0.5Si. The measured magnetization also increased due to partial substitution of Fe for Ti atoms. The ribbons are moderately conductingmore » and show positive temperature coefficient of resistivity with the room temperature resistivity being between 360 μΩcm and 440 μΩcm. The experimentally observed structural and magnetic properties are consistent with the results of first-principle calculations. Our calculations also indicate that the Co 2Ti 1-xFe xSi compound remains nearly half-metallic for x ≤ 0.5. In conclusion, the predicted large band gaps and high Curie temperatures much above room temperature make these materials promising for room temperature spintronic and magnetic applications.« less
  • The so-called half-metallic magnets have been proposed as good candidates for spintronic applications due to the feature of exhibiting a hundred percent spin polarization at the Fermi level. Such materials follow the Slater-Pauling rule, which relates the magnetic moment with the valence electrons in the system. In this paper, we study the bulk polycrystalline half-metallic Fe{sub 2}MnSi Heusler compound replacing Si by Ga to determine how the Ga addition changes the magnetic, the structural, and the half-metal properties of this compound. The material does not follow the Slater-Pauling rule, probably due to a minor structural disorder degree in the system,more » but a linear dependence on the magnetic transition temperature with the valence electron number points to the half-metallic behavior of this compound.« less
  • Polycrystalline samples of Mg{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5−x}Co{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) with x varying from 0.0-0.5 synthesized by sol-gel auto ignition method. The X-ray diffraction analysis with Retvield refinement reveals the formation of single phase cubic spinel structure. The frequency dependent of real part of dielectric constant has been measured at room temperature and at 100 °C by using an ac impedance analyzer. Except x = 0.5, an increase in the dielectric constant is observed with increase in Co{sup 2+} substitution. Magnetic response has been seen by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) at room temperature. The saturation magnetizationmore » (M{sub S}) and coercivity (H{sub C}) increase with increasing the Co{sub 2+} substitution. The cation distribution estimated by Mössbauer spectroscopy shows that Co{sub 2+} and Mg{sub 2+} ions have their preference towards octahedral B site, on the other hand Zn{sub 2+} ions preferentially occupy tetrahedral A site, whereas Fe{sub 3+} ions are randomly distributed over A- and B-site. The as obtained results indicated that the substitution of Co{sub 2+} has brought the significant changes in the structural, electrical and magnetic properties of as prepared Mg-Zn-Co multioxide nanocrystals.« less
  • We have studied the effects of Co and Fe doping on the magnetic and electrical properties of half-Heusler compound NiMnSb. The alloys were prepared by arc-melting method in the presence of Argon gas. The powder X-ray diffraction of the each alloy was performed in air at room temperature. The magnetic and electrical properties were performed in the temperature range 2–400 K and in magnetic field up to 1 T.