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Title: Combining theory and experiment in electrocatalysis: Insights into materials design

Abstract

Electrocatalysis plays a central role in clean energy conversion, enabling a number of sustainable processes for future technologies. This review discusses design strategies for state-of-the-art heterogeneous electrocatalysts and associated materials for several different electrochemical transformations involving water, hydrogen, and oxygen, using theory as a means to rationalize catalyst performance. By examining the common principles that govern catalysis for different electrochemical reactions, we describe a systematic framework that clarifies trends in catalyzing these reactions, serving as a guide to new catalyst development while highlighting key gaps that need to be addressed. Here, we conclude by extending this framework to emerging clean energy reactions such as hydrogen peroxide production, carbon dioxide reduction, and nitrogen reduction, where the development of improved catalysts could allow for the sustainable production of a broad range of fuels and chemicals.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [3]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Innovis (Singapore)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Technical Univ. of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Technical Univ. of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1349286
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 355; Journal Issue: 6321; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Seh, Zhi Wei, Kibsgaard, Jakob, Dickens, Colin F., Chorkendorff, Ib, Nørskov, Jens K., and Jaramillo, Thomas F. Combining theory and experiment in electrocatalysis: Insights into materials design. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aad4998.
Seh, Zhi Wei, Kibsgaard, Jakob, Dickens, Colin F., Chorkendorff, Ib, Nørskov, Jens K., & Jaramillo, Thomas F. Combining theory and experiment in electrocatalysis: Insights into materials design. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aad4998.
Seh, Zhi Wei, Kibsgaard, Jakob, Dickens, Colin F., Chorkendorff, Ib, Nørskov, Jens K., and Jaramillo, Thomas F. Thu . "Combining theory and experiment in electrocatalysis: Insights into materials design". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aad4998. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1349286.
@article{osti_1349286,
title = {Combining theory and experiment in electrocatalysis: Insights into materials design},
author = {Seh, Zhi Wei and Kibsgaard, Jakob and Dickens, Colin F. and Chorkendorff, Ib and Nørskov, Jens K. and Jaramillo, Thomas F.},
abstractNote = {Electrocatalysis plays a central role in clean energy conversion, enabling a number of sustainable processes for future technologies. This review discusses design strategies for state-of-the-art heterogeneous electrocatalysts and associated materials for several different electrochemical transformations involving water, hydrogen, and oxygen, using theory as a means to rationalize catalyst performance. By examining the common principles that govern catalysis for different electrochemical reactions, we describe a systematic framework that clarifies trends in catalyzing these reactions, serving as a guide to new catalyst development while highlighting key gaps that need to be addressed. Here, we conclude by extending this framework to emerging clean energy reactions such as hydrogen peroxide production, carbon dioxide reduction, and nitrogen reduction, where the development of improved catalysts could allow for the sustainable production of a broad range of fuels and chemicals.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aad4998},
journal = {Science},
issn = {0036-8075},
number = 6321,
volume = 355,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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    Advanced Non‐metallic Catalysts for Electrochemical Nitrogen Reduction under Ambient Conditions
    journal, July 2019

    • Zhang, Lili; Chen, Gao‐Feng; Ding, Liang‐Xin
    • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 54
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201901668

    Exploring the Influence of Halogen Coordination Effect of Stable Bimetallic MOFs on Oxygen Evolution Reaction
    journal, October 2019

    • Lu, Jia‐Ni; Liu, Jiang; Dong, Long‐Zhang
    • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 69
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201903482

    Design of Multi‐Metallic‐Based Electrocatalysts for Enhanced Water Oxidation
    journal, May 2019


    Ultra‐thin Co−Fe Layered Double Hydroxide Hollow Nanocubes for Efficient Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation
    journal, May 2019


    Integrated Nanostructural Electrodes Based on Layered Double Hydroxides
    journal, June 2019

    • Xie, Wenfu; Song, Yuke; Li, Shijin
    • ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS, Vol. 2, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/eem2.12033

    Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Zinc-Ion and Zinc-Air Batteries: Current Status and Future Perspectives
    journal, May 2019


    Engineering Two-Dimensional Materials and Their Heterostructures as High-Performance Electrocatalysts
    journal, May 2019


    The role of reticular chemistry in the design of CO2 reduction catalysts
    journal, February 2018


    Towards dense single-atom catalysts for future automotive applications
    journal, July 2019


    Recent advances in developing high-performance nanostructured electrocatalysts based on 3d transition metal elements
    journal, January 2019

    • Wan, Hao; Liu, Xiaohe; Wang, Haidong
    • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8nh00461g

    Metal–organic framework-derived integrated nanoarrays for overall water splitting
    journal, January 2018

    • Guan, Cao; Wu, Haijun; Ren, Weina
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta02528b

    Recent progress made in the mechanism comprehension and design of electrocatalysts for alkaline water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Hu, Congling; Zhang, Lei; Gong, Jinlong
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee01202h

    Artificial photosynthesis – concluding remarks
    journal, January 2019


    Design strategies for developing non-precious metal based bi-functional catalysts for alkaline electrolyte based zinc–air batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Han, Chao; Li, Weijie; Liu, Hua-Kun
    • Materials Horizons, Vol. 6, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9mh00502a

    Theory-guided materials design: two-dimensional MXenes in electro- and photocatalysis
    journal, January 2019

    • Handoko, Albertus D.; Steinmann, Stephan N.; Seh, Zhi Wei
    • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nh00100j

    NiS–MoS 2 hetero-nanosheet array electrocatalysts for efficient overall water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Guan, Shundong; Fu, Xiuli; Lao, Zhezhu
    • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 3, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9se00228f

    Recent advances in transition metal-based electrocatalysts for alkaline hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Zhijie; Duan, Xiaoguang; Wei, Wei
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03220g

    Neutral-pH overall water splitting catalyzed efficiently by a hollow and porous structured ternary nickel sulfoselenide electrocatalyst
    journal, January 2019

    • Zeng, Lingyou; Sun, Kaian; Chen, Yanju
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05601g

    Two-dimensional amorphous nanomaterials: synthesis and applications
    journal, May 2019


    Formation Mechanism of Epitaxial Palladium–Platinum Core–Shell Nanocatalysts in a One‐Step Supercritical Synthesis
    journal, April 2019

    • Broge, Nils L. N.; Søndergaard‐Pedersen, Frederik; Sommer, Sanna
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 31
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201902214

    Supported Noble‐Metal Single Atoms for Heterogeneous Catalysis
    journal, July 2019

    • Li, Xuning; Yang, Xiaofeng; Huang, Yanqiang
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 50
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201902031

    A Trimodal Porous Cobalt‐Based Electrocatalyst for Enhanced Oxygen Evolution
    journal, July 2019

    • Cao, Zhen; Zhou, Tingting; Chen, Yan‐Li
    • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201900381

    Multifunctional High‐Performance Electrocatalytic Properties of Nb 2 O 5 Incorporated Carbon Nanofibers as Pt Support Catalyst
    journal, July 2019

    • Shanmugapriya, Sathyanarayanan; Zhu, Pei; Yan, Chaoyi
    • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201900565

    Nanoscale Trimetallic Metal-Organic Frameworks Enable Efficient Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysis
    journal, December 2017


    In Situ Coupling of Single Molecules Driven by Gold‐Catalyzed Electrooxidation
    journal, July 2019

    • Zang, Yaping; Stone, Ilana; Inkpen, Michael S.
    • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 131, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201906215

    Non-3d Metal Modulation of a Cobalt Imidazolate Framework for Excellent Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution in Neutral Media
    journal, December 2018

    • Xu, Yan-Tong; Ye, Zi-Ming; Ye, Jia-Wen
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201809144

    Dirac Nodal Arc Semimetal PtSn 4 : An Ideal Platform for Understanding Surface Properties and Catalysis for Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, August 2019

    • Li, Guowei; Fu, Chenguang; Shi, Wujun
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 37
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906109

    Promoting Subordinate, Efficient Ruthenium Sites with Interstitial Silicon for Pt-Like Electrocatalytic Activity
    journal, July 2019

    • Chen, Hui; Ai, Xuan; Liu, Wang
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906394

    Negative Charging of Transition‐Metal Phosphides via Strong Electronic Coupling for Destabilization of Alkaline Water
    journal, August 2019

    • You, Bo; Zhang, Yadong; Jiao, Yan
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 34
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906683

    Trends in Oxygen Electrocatalysis of 3 d ‐Layered (Oxy)(Hydro)Oxides
    journal, June 2019

    • Zhao, Zhenghang; Schlexer Lamoureux, Philomena; Kulkarni, Ambarish
    • ChemCatChem, Vol. 11, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201900846

    Insight into the Nature of Active Species of Pt/Al 2 O 3 Catalysts for low Temperature NH 3 Oxidation
    journal, October 2019


    Microstructural Engineering of Heterogeneous P−S−Co Interface for Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, July 2019


    Amorphous Cobalt Boride Nanosheets Directly Grown on Nickel Foam: Controllable Alternately Dipping Deposition for Efficient Oxygen Evolution
    journal, July 2019


    Advanced Non‐metallic Catalysts for Electrochemical Nitrogen Reduction under Ambient Conditions
    journal, July 2019

    • Zhang, Lili; Chen, Gao‐Feng; Ding, Liang‐Xin
    • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 54
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201901668

    Exploring the Influence of Halogen Coordination Effect of Stable Bimetallic MOFs on Oxygen Evolution Reaction
    journal, October 2019

    • Lu, Jia‐Ni; Liu, Jiang; Dong, Long‐Zhang
    • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 69
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201903482

    Design of Multi‐Metallic‐Based Electrocatalysts for Enhanced Water Oxidation
    journal, May 2019


    Ultra‐thin Co−Fe Layered Double Hydroxide Hollow Nanocubes for Efficient Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation
    journal, May 2019


    Integrated Nanostructural Electrodes Based on Layered Double Hydroxides
    journal, June 2019

    • Xie, Wenfu; Song, Yuke; Li, Shijin
    • ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS, Vol. 2, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/eem2.12033

    Recent Progress on Surface Reconstruction of Earth‐Abundant Electrocatalysts for Water Oxidation
    journal, July 2019


    Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Zinc-Ion and Zinc-Air Batteries: Current Status and Future Perspectives
    journal, May 2019


    Engineering Two-Dimensional Materials and Their Heterostructures as High-Performance Electrocatalysts
    journal, May 2019


    Corrosion engineering towards efficient oxygen evolution electrodes with stable catalytic activity for over 6000 hours
    journal, July 2018


    The role of reticular chemistry in the design of CO2 reduction catalysts
    journal, February 2018


    Lithiation-induced amorphization of Pd3P2S8 for highly efficient hydrogen evolution
    journal, May 2018


    Towards dense single-atom catalysts for future automotive applications
    journal, July 2019


    Designing materials for electrochemical carbon dioxide recycling
    journal, July 2019


    H 2 evolution by a cobalt selenolate electrocatalyst and related mechanistic studies
    journal, January 2017

    • Downes, Courtney A.; Yoo, Joseph W.; Orchanian, Nicholas M.
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 53, Issue 53
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cc02473h

    Polyoxometalate-based metal–organic framework loaded with an ultra-low amount of Pt as an efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen production
    journal, January 2018

    • Peng, Haiyue; Yang, Xiaojian; Ma, Yuanyuan
    • CrystEngComm, Vol. 20, Issue 36
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ce01151f

    Recent advances in developing high-performance nanostructured electrocatalysts based on 3d transition metal elements
    journal, January 2019

    • Wan, Hao; Liu, Xiaohe; Wang, Haidong
    • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8nh00461g

    Metal–organic framework-derived integrated nanoarrays for overall water splitting
    journal, January 2018

    • Guan, Cao; Wu, Haijun; Ren, Weina
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta02528b

    MoO 3 nanosheets for efficient electrocatalytic N 2 fixation to NH 3
    journal, January 2018

    • Han, Jingrui; Ji, Xuqiang; Ren, Xiang
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta03974g

    Unveiling the active sites of Ni–Fe phosphide/metaphosphate for efficient oxygen evolution under alkaline conditions
    journal, January 2019

    • Huang, Can; Zou, Ying; Ye, Ya-Qian
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 53
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc03024g

    An anion exchange reaction: an effective approach to prepare alloyed Co–Fe bimetallic disulfide for improving the electrocatalytic activity
    journal, January 2019

    • Li, Tongtong; Zhao, Shuaishuai; Lu, Yongxin
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 53
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc03349a

    Trinuclear Ni( ii ) oriented highly dense packing and π-conjugation degree of metal–organic frameworks for efficient water oxidation
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhai, Zhi-Min; Yang, Xiao-Gang; Yang, Zhao-Tong
    • CrystEngComm, Vol. 21, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ce00944b

    Recent progress made in the mechanism comprehension and design of electrocatalysts for alkaline water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Hu, Congling; Zhang, Lei; Gong, Jinlong
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee01202h

    Artificial photosynthesis – concluding remarks
    journal, January 2019


    Design strategies for developing non-precious metal based bi-functional catalysts for alkaline electrolyte based zinc–air batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Han, Chao; Li, Weijie; Liu, Hua-Kun
    • Materials Horizons, Vol. 6, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9mh00502a

    Theory-guided materials design: two-dimensional MXenes in electro- and photocatalysis
    journal, January 2019

    • Handoko, Albertus D.; Steinmann, Stephan N.; Seh, Zhi Wei
    • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nh00100j

    Host–guest chemistry between cyclodextrin and a hydrogen evolution catalyst cobaloxime
    journal, January 2019

    • Kato, Masaru; Kon, Keita; Hirayama, Jun
    • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 43, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nj00081j

    NiS–MoS 2 hetero-nanosheet array electrocatalysts for efficient overall water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Guan, Shundong; Fu, Xiuli; Lao, Zhezhu
    • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 3, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9se00228f

    A silicon-doped iridium electrode prepared by magnetron-sputtering as an advanced electrocatalyst for overall water splitting in acidic media
    journal, January 2019

    • Ren, Zhandong; Jin, Lingzhi; Deng, Li
    • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 3, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9se00250b

    Recent advances in transition metal-based electrocatalysts for alkaline hydrogen evolution
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Zhijie; Duan, Xiaoguang; Wei, Wei
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03220g

    Deep insights into the exfoliation properties of MAX to MXenes and the hydrogen evolution performances of 2D MXenes
    journal, January 2019

    • Cheng, Yuwen; Wang, Lijuan; Song, Yan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03859k

    Design and optimization of cobalt-encapsulating vertical graphene nano-hills for hydrogen evolution reaction
    journal, January 2019

    • Roy, Sanjib Baran; Jerng, Sahng-Kyoon; Akbar, Kamran
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta04878b

    Composition-dependent CO 2 electrochemical reduction activity and selectivity on Au–Pd core–shell nanoparticles
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhu, Shangqian; Qin, Xueping; Wang, Qi
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05325e

    Neutral-pH overall water splitting catalyzed efficiently by a hollow and porous structured ternary nickel sulfoselenide electrocatalyst
    journal, January 2019

    • Zeng, Lingyou; Sun, Kaian; Chen, Yanju
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05601g

    Two-dimensional amorphous nanomaterials: synthesis and applications
    journal, May 2019


    Concerted proton-electron transfer reactions in the Marcus inverted region
    journal, April 2019

    • Parada, Giovanny A.; Goldsmith, Zachary K.; Kolmar, Scott
    • Science, Vol. 364, Issue 6439
    • DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw4675

    Active Pore-Edge Engineering of Single-Layer Niobium Diselenide Porous Nanosheets Electrode for Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, May 2019

    • Wang, Jianxing; Liu, Xinyue; Liu, Ying
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9050751

    A Library of Late Transition Metal Alloy Dielectric Functions for Nanophotonic Applications
    journal, June 2020

    • Rahm, J. Magnus; Tiburski, Christopher; Rossi, Tuomas P.
    • Advanced Functional Materials
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202002122