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Title: Development of an inertial confinement fusion platform to study charged-particle-producing nuclear reactions relevant to nuclear astrophysics

Abstract

Here, this paper describes the development of a platform to study astrophysically relevant nuclear reactions using inertial-confinement fusion implosions on the OMEGA and National Ignition Facility laser facilities, with a particular focus on optimizing the implosions to study charged-particle- producing reactions. Primary requirements on the platform are high yield, for high statistics in the fusion product measurements, combined with low areal density, to allow the charged fusion products to escape. This is optimally achieved with direct-drive exploding pusher implosions using thin-glass-shell capsules. Mitigation strategies to eliminate a possible target sheath potential which would accelerate the emitted ions are discussed. The potential impact of kinetic effects on the implosions is also considered. The platform is initially employed to study the complementary T(t,2n)α, T( 3He,np)α and 3He( 3He,2p)α reactions. Proof-of-principle results from the first experiments demonstrating the ability to accurately measure the energy and yields of charged particles are presented. Lessons learned from these experiments will be used in studies of other reactions. Ultimately, the goals are to explore thermonuclear reaction rates and fundamental nuclear physics in stellarlike plasma environments, and to push this new frontier of nuclear astrophysics into unique regimes not reachable through existing platforms, with thermal ion velocity distributions,more » plasma screening, and low reactant energies.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [5];  [4];  [4];  [7];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [4]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [1];  [5];  [5];  [6] more »; ORCiD logo [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [8];  [5];  [4];  [8];  [6];  [5];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5];  [1];  [5];  [4];  [6];  [5];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [7];  [9]; ORCiD logo [5];  [4]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [8];  [1];  [5];  [1];  [5];  [4] « less
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  3. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  7. Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Arpajon (France)
  8. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  9. Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Reading (United Kingdom). Plasma Physics Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1348901
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1348903; OSTI ID: 1349782; OSTI ID: 1363698
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-704778
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; TRN: US1700573
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002949; NA0001857; NA0002905; FG02-88ER40387; NA0002035; NA0002726; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Helium-3; Charged particle spectroscopy; Neutrons; Helium reactions; Fusion product effects; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION

Citation Formats

Gatu Johnson, M., Zylstra, A. B., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Casey, D. T., Forrest, C., Herrmann, H. W., Hohenberger, M., Sayre, D. B., Bionta, R. M., Bourgade, J. -L., Caggiano, J. A., Cerjan, C., Craxton, R. S., Dearborn, D., Farrell, M., Frenje, J. A., Garcia, E. M., Glebov, V. Yu., Hale, G., Hartouni, E. P., Hatarik, R., Hohensee, M., Holunga, D. M., Hoppe, M., Janezic, R., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kim, Y. H., Knauer, J. P., Kohut, T. R., Lahmann, B., Landoas, O., Li, C. K., Marshall, F. J., Masse, L., McEvoy, A., McKenty, P., McNabb, D. P., Nikroo, A., Parham, T. G., Paris, M., Petrasso, R. D., Pino, J., Radha, P. B., Remington, B., Rinderknecht, H. G., Robey, H., Rosenberg, M. J., Rosse, B., Rubery, M., Sangster, T. C., Sanchez, J., Schmitt, M., Schoff, M., Séguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., and Tipton, R. E. Development of an inertial confinement fusion platform to study charged-particle-producing nuclear reactions relevant to nuclear astrophysics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4979186.
Gatu Johnson, M., Zylstra, A. B., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Casey, D. T., Forrest, C., Herrmann, H. W., Hohenberger, M., Sayre, D. B., Bionta, R. M., Bourgade, J. -L., Caggiano, J. A., Cerjan, C., Craxton, R. S., Dearborn, D., Farrell, M., Frenje, J. A., Garcia, E. M., Glebov, V. Yu., Hale, G., Hartouni, E. P., Hatarik, R., Hohensee, M., Holunga, D. M., Hoppe, M., Janezic, R., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kim, Y. H., Knauer, J. P., Kohut, T. R., Lahmann, B., Landoas, O., Li, C. K., Marshall, F. J., Masse, L., McEvoy, A., McKenty, P., McNabb, D. P., Nikroo, A., Parham, T. G., Paris, M., Petrasso, R. D., Pino, J., Radha, P. B., Remington, B., Rinderknecht, H. G., Robey, H., Rosenberg, M. J., Rosse, B., Rubery, M., Sangster, T. C., Sanchez, J., Schmitt, M., Schoff, M., Séguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., & Tipton, R. E. Development of an inertial confinement fusion platform to study charged-particle-producing nuclear reactions relevant to nuclear astrophysics. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4979186.
Gatu Johnson, M., Zylstra, A. B., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Casey, D. T., Forrest, C., Herrmann, H. W., Hohenberger, M., Sayre, D. B., Bionta, R. M., Bourgade, J. -L., Caggiano, J. A., Cerjan, C., Craxton, R. S., Dearborn, D., Farrell, M., Frenje, J. A., Garcia, E. M., Glebov, V. Yu., Hale, G., Hartouni, E. P., Hatarik, R., Hohensee, M., Holunga, D. M., Hoppe, M., Janezic, R., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kim, Y. H., Knauer, J. P., Kohut, T. R., Lahmann, B., Landoas, O., Li, C. K., Marshall, F. J., Masse, L., McEvoy, A., McKenty, P., McNabb, D. P., Nikroo, A., Parham, T. G., Paris, M., Petrasso, R. D., Pino, J., Radha, P. B., Remington, B., Rinderknecht, H. G., Robey, H., Rosenberg, M. J., Rosse, B., Rubery, M., Sangster, T. C., Sanchez, J., Schmitt, M., Schoff, M., Séguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., and Tipton, R. E. Tue . "Development of an inertial confinement fusion platform to study charged-particle-producing nuclear reactions relevant to nuclear astrophysics". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4979186. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1348901.
@article{osti_1348901,
title = {Development of an inertial confinement fusion platform to study charged-particle-producing nuclear reactions relevant to nuclear astrophysics},
author = {Gatu Johnson, M. and Zylstra, A. B. and Bacher, A. and Brune, C. R. and Casey, D. T. and Forrest, C. and Herrmann, H. W. and Hohenberger, M. and Sayre, D. B. and Bionta, R. M. and Bourgade, J. -L. and Caggiano, J. A. and Cerjan, C. and Craxton, R. S. and Dearborn, D. and Farrell, M. and Frenje, J. A. and Garcia, E. M. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Hale, G. and Hartouni, E. P. and Hatarik, R. and Hohensee, M. and Holunga, D. M. and Hoppe, M. and Janezic, R. and Khan, S. F. and Kilkenny, J. D. and Kim, Y. H. and Knauer, J. P. and Kohut, T. R. and Lahmann, B. and Landoas, O. and Li, C. K. and Marshall, F. J. and Masse, L. and McEvoy, A. and McKenty, P. and McNabb, D. P. and Nikroo, A. and Parham, T. G. and Paris, M. and Petrasso, R. D. and Pino, J. and Radha, P. B. and Remington, B. and Rinderknecht, H. G. and Robey, H. and Rosenberg, M. J. and Rosse, B. and Rubery, M. and Sangster, T. C. and Sanchez, J. and Schmitt, M. and Schoff, M. and Séguin, F. H. and Seka, W. and Sio, H. and Stoeckl, C. and Tipton, R. E.},
abstractNote = {Here, this paper describes the development of a platform to study astrophysically relevant nuclear reactions using inertial-confinement fusion implosions on the OMEGA and National Ignition Facility laser facilities, with a particular focus on optimizing the implosions to study charged-particle- producing reactions. Primary requirements on the platform are high yield, for high statistics in the fusion product measurements, combined with low areal density, to allow the charged fusion products to escape. This is optimally achieved with direct-drive exploding pusher implosions using thin-glass-shell capsules. Mitigation strategies to eliminate a possible target sheath potential which would accelerate the emitted ions are discussed. The potential impact of kinetic effects on the implosions is also considered. The platform is initially employed to study the complementary T(t,2n)α, T(3He,np)α and 3He(3He,2p)α reactions. Proof-of-principle results from the first experiments demonstrating the ability to accurately measure the energy and yields of charged particles are presented. Lessons learned from these experiments will be used in studies of other reactions. Ultimately, the goals are to explore thermonuclear reaction rates and fundamental nuclear physics in stellarlike plasma environments, and to push this new frontier of nuclear astrophysics into unique regimes not reachable through existing platforms, with thermal ion velocity distributions, plasma screening, and low reactant energies.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4979186},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Polar direct drive on the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2004

  • Skupsky, S.; Marozas, J. A.; Craxton, R. S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 5, p. 2763-2770
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1689665