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Title: Suppression of Superfluid Density and the Pseudogap State in the Cuprates by Impurities

Abstract

Here, we use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to study magnetic Fe impurities intentionally doped into the high-temperature superconductor Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8+δ. Our spectroscopic measurements reveal that Fe impurities introduce low-lying resonances in the density of states at Ω 1 ≈ 4 meV and Ω 2 ≈ 15 meV , allowing us to determine that, despite having a large magnetic moment, potential scattering of quasiparticles by Fe impurities dominates magnetic scattering. In addition, using high-resolution spatial characterizations of the local density of states near and away from Fe impurities, we detail the spatial extent of impurity-affected regions as well as provide a local view of impurity-induced effects on the superconducting and pseudogap states. Lastly, our studies of Fe impurities, when combined with a reinterpretation of earlier STM work in the context of a two-gap scenario, allow us to present a unified view of the atomic-scale effects of elemental impurities on the pseudogap and superconducting states in hole-doped cuprates; this may help resolve a previously assumed dichotomy between the effects of magnetic and nonmagnetic impurities in these materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Clark Univ., Worcester, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Dept.
  4. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Physics; Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept of Physics
  5. Clark Univ., Worcester, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1348293
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1336885
Report Number(s):
BNL-113678-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; R&D Project: PO010; KC0201060; TRN: US1701132
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; DMR-1341286; SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 25; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Erdenemunkh, Unurbat, Koopman, Brian, Fu, Ling, Chatterjee, Kamalesh, Wise, W. D., Gu, G. D., Hudson, E. W., and Boyer, Michael C. Suppression of Superfluid Density and the Pseudogap State in the Cuprates by Impurities. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.257003.
Erdenemunkh, Unurbat, Koopman, Brian, Fu, Ling, Chatterjee, Kamalesh, Wise, W. D., Gu, G. D., Hudson, E. W., & Boyer, Michael C. Suppression of Superfluid Density and the Pseudogap State in the Cuprates by Impurities. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.257003.
Erdenemunkh, Unurbat, Koopman, Brian, Fu, Ling, Chatterjee, Kamalesh, Wise, W. D., Gu, G. D., Hudson, E. W., and Boyer, Michael C. Fri . "Suppression of Superfluid Density and the Pseudogap State in the Cuprates by Impurities". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.257003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1348293.
@article{osti_1348293,
title = {Suppression of Superfluid Density and the Pseudogap State in the Cuprates by Impurities},
author = {Erdenemunkh, Unurbat and Koopman, Brian and Fu, Ling and Chatterjee, Kamalesh and Wise, W. D. and Gu, G. D. and Hudson, E. W. and Boyer, Michael C.},
abstractNote = {Here, we use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to study magnetic Fe impurities intentionally doped into the high-temperature superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. Our spectroscopic measurements reveal that Fe impurities introduce low-lying resonances in the density of states at Ω1 ≈ 4 meV and Ω2 ≈ 15 meV , allowing us to determine that, despite having a large magnetic moment, potential scattering of quasiparticles by Fe impurities dominates magnetic scattering. In addition, using high-resolution spatial characterizations of the local density of states near and away from Fe impurities, we detail the spatial extent of impurity-affected regions as well as provide a local view of impurity-induced effects on the superconducting and pseudogap states. Lastly, our studies of Fe impurities, when combined with a reinterpretation of earlier STM work in the context of a two-gap scenario, allow us to present a unified view of the atomic-scale effects of elemental impurities on the pseudogap and superconducting states in hole-doped cuprates; this may help resolve a previously assumed dichotomy between the effects of magnetic and nonmagnetic impurities in these materials.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.257003},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 25,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Dec 16 00:00:00 EST 2016},
month = {Fri Dec 16 00:00:00 EST 2016}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides
journal, September 1976