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Title: High Average Current Bunched Electron Source for RF Accelerators

Abstract

High-average current high-quality electron beams are imperative for high-power RF accelerators used in various energy and environmental applications in industry, medicine, and national security as well as for advanced existing and future accelerator systems such as PIP II, particle colliders (eRHIC BNL) for cooling high-energy proton, ion, and hadron beams, storage rings, wakefield accelerators (AWA), and energy recovery linacs. The most common current approach to generate high-peak current high-brightness short electron bunches uses photoemission excited by intense laser radiation. However, to avoid overheating photocathodes are operated at a subharmonic of the linac frequency that in turn restricts the average beam current. There are also limitations in the electron-beam average current due to the average power available from drive lasers. On the other hand, the state of the art thermionic sources that produce high average current electron beams do not have yet good emission gating methods to realize sufficiently short and good quality electron bunches. We develop a robust thermionic electron source (e-source) of >1 A average current with advanced gating of the emission at the linac-frequency and its 3rd harmonic. Central to the approach is a novel scheme for energy efficient feeding of the 3rd-harmonic power in the RF gap.more » The cathode is attached to the gun cavity through this small emission-gating gap in which the RF modes are excited. The use of thermionic emission allows for the desired high-average current CW electron beams. Adding the 3rd emission gating harmonic shortens the electron bunches and by this means lessens impact of the RF curvature on the beam quality resulting in the smaller energy spread and bunch emittances. Such high current electron beam is suitable for injection into high-power normal- or superconducting linacs in CW mode at a high repetition rate of the linac frequency. In Phase I, we performed modeling and beam dynamics, parametric, and optimization studies. A >1A average current e-source with 200,000hrs lifetime expectancy has been demonstrated in the simulations. We have developed baseline design of the e-source and its components. It is anticipated that the e-source will be in demand for normal- and superconducting particle accelerators and will benefit many commercial and energy and environmental applications such as treating waste and potable water, sludge, stack gases, and medical waste as well as X-ray sources for medicine, sterilization, materials processing, geology, and non-intrusive imaging.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Euclid BeamLabs, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Euclid BeamLabs, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1347892
Report Number(s):
DOE-Euclid-15908
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0015908
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; accelerator; electron bunch; emittance; gating; harmonics; RF gun; thermionic emission

Citation Formats

Jabotinski, Vadim. High Average Current Bunched Electron Source for RF Accelerators. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1347892.
Jabotinski, Vadim. High Average Current Bunched Electron Source for RF Accelerators. United States. doi:10.2172/1347892.
Jabotinski, Vadim. Wed . "High Average Current Bunched Electron Source for RF Accelerators". United States. doi:10.2172/1347892. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1347892.
@article{osti_1347892,
title = {High Average Current Bunched Electron Source for RF Accelerators},
author = {Jabotinski, Vadim},
abstractNote = {High-average current high-quality electron beams are imperative for high-power RF accelerators used in various energy and environmental applications in industry, medicine, and national security as well as for advanced existing and future accelerator systems such as PIP II, particle colliders (eRHIC BNL) for cooling high-energy proton, ion, and hadron beams, storage rings, wakefield accelerators (AWA), and energy recovery linacs. The most common current approach to generate high-peak current high-brightness short electron bunches uses photoemission excited by intense laser radiation. However, to avoid overheating photocathodes are operated at a subharmonic of the linac frequency that in turn restricts the average beam current. There are also limitations in the electron-beam average current due to the average power available from drive lasers. On the other hand, the state of the art thermionic sources that produce high average current electron beams do not have yet good emission gating methods to realize sufficiently short and good quality electron bunches. We develop a robust thermionic electron source (e-source) of >1 A average current with advanced gating of the emission at the linac-frequency and its 3rd harmonic. Central to the approach is a novel scheme for energy efficient feeding of the 3rd-harmonic power in the RF gap. The cathode is attached to the gun cavity through this small emission-gating gap in which the RF modes are excited. The use of thermionic emission allows for the desired high-average current CW electron beams. Adding the 3rd emission gating harmonic shortens the electron bunches and by this means lessens impact of the RF curvature on the beam quality resulting in the smaller energy spread and bunch emittances. Such high current electron beam is suitable for injection into high-power normal- or superconducting linacs in CW mode at a high repetition rate of the linac frequency. In Phase I, we performed modeling and beam dynamics, parametric, and optimization studies. A >1A average current e-source with 200,000hrs lifetime expectancy has been demonstrated in the simulations. We have developed baseline design of the e-source and its components. It is anticipated that the e-source will be in demand for normal- and superconducting particle accelerators and will benefit many commercial and energy and environmental applications such as treating waste and potable water, sludge, stack gases, and medical waste as well as X-ray sources for medicine, sterilization, materials processing, geology, and non-intrusive imaging.},
doi = {10.2172/1347892},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}