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Title: First measurements of deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction yields in ignition-scalable direct-drive implosions

Abstract

In this study, the deuterium-tritium (D-T) and deuterium-deuterium neutron yield ratio in cryogenic inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments is used to examine multifluid effects, traditionally not included in ICF modeling. This ratio has been measured for ignition-scalable direct-drive cryogenic DT implosions at the Omega Laser Facility using a high-dynamic-range neutron time-of-flight spectrometer. The experimentally inferred yield ratio is consistent with both the calculated values of the nuclear reaction rates and the measured preshot target-fuel composition. These observations indicate that the physical mechanisms that have been proposed to alter the fuel composition, such as species separation of the hydrogen isotopes, are not significant during the period of peak neutron production in ignition-scalable cryogenic direct-drive DT implosions.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
OSTI Identifier:
1347567
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345693
Report Number(s):
2016-201; 1324
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 2016-201; 1324; 2279; TRN: US1700654
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001944
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Forrest, C. J., Radha, P. B., Knauer, J. P., Glebov, V. Yu., Goncharov, V. N., Regan, S. P., Rosenberg, M. J., Sangster, T. C., Shmayda, W. T., Stoeckl, C., and Gatu Johnson, M. First measurements of deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction yields in ignition-scalable direct-drive implosions. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.095002.
Forrest, C. J., Radha, P. B., Knauer, J. P., Glebov, V. Yu., Goncharov, V. N., Regan, S. P., Rosenberg, M. J., Sangster, T. C., Shmayda, W. T., Stoeckl, C., & Gatu Johnson, M. First measurements of deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction yields in ignition-scalable direct-drive implosions. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.095002.
Forrest, C. J., Radha, P. B., Knauer, J. P., Glebov, V. Yu., Goncharov, V. N., Regan, S. P., Rosenberg, M. J., Sangster, T. C., Shmayda, W. T., Stoeckl, C., and Gatu Johnson, M. Fri . "First measurements of deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction yields in ignition-scalable direct-drive implosions". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.095002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1347567.
@article{osti_1347567,
title = {First measurements of deuterium-tritium and deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction yields in ignition-scalable direct-drive implosions},
author = {Forrest, C. J. and Radha, P. B. and Knauer, J. P. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Goncharov, V. N. and Regan, S. P. and Rosenberg, M. J. and Sangster, T. C. and Shmayda, W. T. and Stoeckl, C. and Gatu Johnson, M.},
abstractNote = {In this study, the deuterium-tritium (D-T) and deuterium-deuterium neutron yield ratio in cryogenic inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments is used to examine multifluid effects, traditionally not included in ICF modeling. This ratio has been measured for ignition-scalable direct-drive cryogenic DT implosions at the Omega Laser Facility using a high-dynamic-range neutron time-of-flight spectrometer. The experimentally inferred yield ratio is consistent with both the calculated values of the nuclear reaction rates and the measured preshot target-fuel composition. These observations indicate that the physical mechanisms that have been proposed to alter the fuel composition, such as species separation of the hydrogen isotopes, are not significant during the period of peak neutron production in ignition-scalable cryogenic direct-drive DT implosions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.095002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 9,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 03 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Mar 03 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Crossed-beam energy transfer in direct-drive implosions
journal, May 2012

  • Igumenshchev, I. V.; Seka, W.; Edgell, D. H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 5, Article No. 056314
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4718594