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Title: Evolving Distributed Generation Support Mechanisms: Case Studies from United States, Germany, United Kingdom, and Australia

Abstract

This report expands on a previous National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) technical report (Lowder et al. 2015) that focused on the United States' unique approach to distributed generation photovoltaics (DGPV) support policies and business models. While the focus of that report was largely historical (i.e., detailing the policies and market developments that led to the growth of DGPV in the United States), this report looks forward, narrating recent changes to laws and regulations as well as the ongoing dialogues over how to incorporate distributed generation (DG) resources onto the electric grid. This report also broadens the scope of Lowder et al. (2015) to include additional countries and technologies. DGPV and storage are the principal technologies under consideration (owing to market readiness and deployment volumes), but the report also contemplates any generation resource that is (1) on the customer side of the meter, (2) used to, at least partly, offset a host's energy consumption, and/or (3) potentially available to provide grid support (e.g., through peak shaving and load shifting, ancillary services, and other means).

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Children's Investment Fund Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1347278
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-67613
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; distributed solar; photovolatics; energy storage; energy consumption; grid support

Citation Formats

Lowder, Travis, Zhou, Ella, and Tian, Tian. Evolving Distributed Generation Support Mechanisms: Case Studies from United States, Germany, United Kingdom, and Australia. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1347278.
Lowder, Travis, Zhou, Ella, & Tian, Tian. Evolving Distributed Generation Support Mechanisms: Case Studies from United States, Germany, United Kingdom, and Australia. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1347278
Lowder, Travis, Zhou, Ella, and Tian, Tian. Tue . "Evolving Distributed Generation Support Mechanisms: Case Studies from United States, Germany, United Kingdom, and Australia". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1347278. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1347278.
@article{osti_1347278,
title = {Evolving Distributed Generation Support Mechanisms: Case Studies from United States, Germany, United Kingdom, and Australia},
author = {Lowder, Travis and Zhou, Ella and Tian, Tian},
abstractNote = {This report expands on a previous National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) technical report (Lowder et al. 2015) that focused on the United States' unique approach to distributed generation photovoltaics (DGPV) support policies and business models. While the focus of that report was largely historical (i.e., detailing the policies and market developments that led to the growth of DGPV in the United States), this report looks forward, narrating recent changes to laws and regulations as well as the ongoing dialogues over how to incorporate distributed generation (DG) resources onto the electric grid. This report also broadens the scope of Lowder et al. (2015) to include additional countries and technologies. DGPV and storage are the principal technologies under consideration (owing to market readiness and deployment volumes), but the report also contemplates any generation resource that is (1) on the customer side of the meter, (2) used to, at least partly, offset a host's energy consumption, and/or (3) potentially available to provide grid support (e.g., through peak shaving and load shifting, ancillary services, and other means).},
doi = {10.2172/1347278},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1347278}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}