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Title: Multi-time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems

Abstract

In isolated power systems, including microgrids, distributed assets, such as renewable energy resources (e.g. wind, solar) and energy storage, can be actively coordinated to reduce dependency on fossil fuel generation. The key challenge of such coordination arises from significant uncertainty and variability occurring at small time scales associated with increased penetration of renewables. Specifically, the problem is with ensuring economic and efficient utilization of DERs, while also meeting operational objectives such as adequate frequency performance. One possible solution is to reduce the time step at which tertiary controls are implemented and to ensure feedback and look-ahead capability are incorporated to handle variability and uncertainty. However, reducing the time step of tertiary controls necessitates investigating time-scale coupling with primary controls so as not to exacerbate system stability issues. In this paper, an optimal coordination (OC) strategy, which considers multiple time-scales, is proposed for isolated microgrid systems with a mix of DERs. This coordination strategy is based on an online moving horizon optimization approach. The effectiveness of the strategy was evaluated in terms of economics, technical performance, and computation time by varying key parameters that significantly impact performance. The illustrative example with realistic scenarios on a simulated isolated microgrid test system suggestsmore » that the proposed approach is generalizable towards designing multi-time scale optimal coordination strategies for isolated power systems.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1346286
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-116921
Journal ID: ISSN 1949-3053
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1949-3053
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Mayhorn, Ebony, Xie, Le, and Butler-Purry, Karen. Multi-time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1109/TSG.2016.2547342.
Mayhorn, Ebony, Xie, Le, & Butler-Purry, Karen. Multi-time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems. United States. doi:10.1109/TSG.2016.2547342.
Mayhorn, Ebony, Xie, Le, and Butler-Purry, Karen. Thu . "Multi-time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems". United States. doi:10.1109/TSG.2016.2547342.
@article{osti_1346286,
title = {Multi-time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems},
author = {Mayhorn, Ebony and Xie, Le and Butler-Purry, Karen},
abstractNote = {In isolated power systems, including microgrids, distributed assets, such as renewable energy resources (e.g. wind, solar) and energy storage, can be actively coordinated to reduce dependency on fossil fuel generation. The key challenge of such coordination arises from significant uncertainty and variability occurring at small time scales associated with increased penetration of renewables. Specifically, the problem is with ensuring economic and efficient utilization of DERs, while also meeting operational objectives such as adequate frequency performance. One possible solution is to reduce the time step at which tertiary controls are implemented and to ensure feedback and look-ahead capability are incorporated to handle variability and uncertainty. However, reducing the time step of tertiary controls necessitates investigating time-scale coupling with primary controls so as not to exacerbate system stability issues. In this paper, an optimal coordination (OC) strategy, which considers multiple time-scales, is proposed for isolated microgrid systems with a mix of DERs. This coordination strategy is based on an online moving horizon optimization approach. The effectiveness of the strategy was evaluated in terms of economics, technical performance, and computation time by varying key parameters that significantly impact performance. The illustrative example with realistic scenarios on a simulated isolated microgrid test system suggests that the proposed approach is generalizable towards designing multi-time scale optimal coordination strategies for isolated power systems.},
doi = {10.1109/TSG.2016.2547342},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid},
issn = {1949-3053},
number = 8,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}