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Title: Enhanced torsional actuation and stress coupling in Mn-modified 0.93(Na 0.5Bi 0.5TiO 3)-0.07BaTiO 3 lead-free piezoceramic system

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the development of a piezoelectric d 15 shear-induced torsion actuator made of a lead-free piezoceramic material exhibiting giant piezoelectric shear stress coefficient (e 15) and piezoelectric transverse shear actuation force comparable to that of leadbased shear-mode piezoceramics. The Mn-modified 0.93(Na 0.5Bi 0.5TiO 3)-0.07BaTiO 3 (NBT-BTMn) composition exhibited excellent properties as a torsional transducer with piezoelectric shear stress coefficient on the order of 11.6 C m –2. The torsional transducer, consisting of two oppositely polarized NBT-BT-Mn d 15 mode piezoceramic shear patches, provided a rate of twist of 0.08 mm m –1 V –1 under quasi-static 150 V drive. The high value of piezoelectric shear d 15 coefficient in NBT-BT-Mn sample further demonstrated its potential in practical applications. Lastly, these results confirm that the lead-free piezoceramics can be as effective as their lead-based counterparts.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1346029
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-06ER46290
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1468-6996
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; lead-free; piezoceramic; shear-mode; torsion; actuation

Citation Formats

Berik, Pelin, Maurya, Deepam, Kumar, Prashant, Kang, Min Gyu, and Priya, Shashank. Enhanced torsional actuation and stress coupling in Mn-modified 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO3 lead-free piezoceramic system. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1080/14686996.2016.1254569.
Berik, Pelin, Maurya, Deepam, Kumar, Prashant, Kang, Min Gyu, & Priya, Shashank. Enhanced torsional actuation and stress coupling in Mn-modified 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO3 lead-free piezoceramic system. United States. doi:10.1080/14686996.2016.1254569.
Berik, Pelin, Maurya, Deepam, Kumar, Prashant, Kang, Min Gyu, and Priya, Shashank. Mon . "Enhanced torsional actuation and stress coupling in Mn-modified 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO3 lead-free piezoceramic system". United States. doi:10.1080/14686996.2016.1254569. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1346029.
@article{osti_1346029,
title = {Enhanced torsional actuation and stress coupling in Mn-modified 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO3 lead-free piezoceramic system},
author = {Berik, Pelin and Maurya, Deepam and Kumar, Prashant and Kang, Min Gyu and Priya, Shashank},
abstractNote = {This paper is concerned with the development of a piezoelectric d15 shear-induced torsion actuator made of a lead-free piezoceramic material exhibiting giant piezoelectric shear stress coefficient (e15) and piezoelectric transverse shear actuation force comparable to that of leadbased shear-mode piezoceramics. The Mn-modified 0.93(Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3)-0.07BaTiO3 (NBT-BTMn) composition exhibited excellent properties as a torsional transducer with piezoelectric shear stress coefficient on the order of 11.6 C m–2. The torsional transducer, consisting of two oppositely polarized NBT-BT-Mn d15 mode piezoceramic shear patches, provided a rate of twist of 0.08 mm m–1 V–1 under quasi-static 150 V drive. The high value of piezoelectric shear d15 coefficient in NBT-BT-Mn sample further demonstrated its potential in practical applications. Lastly, these results confirm that the lead-free piezoceramics can be as effective as their lead-based counterparts.},
doi = {10.1080/14686996.2016.1254569},
journal = {Science and Technology of Advanced Materials},
number = 1,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Mon Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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  • Lead-free (Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 0.93}Ba{sub 0.07}TiO{sub 3}-x wt %In{sub 2}O{sub 3} ceramics synthesized by direct reaction sintering have been studied. X-ray diffraction reveals that all (Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 0.93}Ba{sub 0.07}TiO{sub 3}-x wt %In{sub 2}O{sub 3} ceramics are of a perovskite structure with coexistence of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases. It is found that the direct reaction sintering promotes growing of ceramic grains while doping of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} contributes to inhibit and homogenize the grain growth, as shown by scanning electron microscopy. The ceramics show excellent piezoelectric and dielectric properties with thickness electromechanical coupling factor k{sub t}=0.503, piezoelectric constant d{sub 33}=205more » pC/N, dielectric constant {epsilon}{sub 33}{sup T}/{epsilon}{sub 0}=1046, and loss tangent tan {delta}=0.036.« less
  • The mechanism of the giant unipolar strain recently observed in a lead-free piezoceramic, 0.92(Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})TiO{sub 3}-0.06BaTiO{sub 3}-0.02(K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})NbO{sub 3}[S.-T. Zhang, A. B. Kounga, E. Aulbach, H. Ehrenberg, and J. Roedel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 112906 (2007) was investigated. The validity of the previously proposed mechanism that the high strain comes both from a significant volume change during the field-induced phase transition, from an antiferroelectric to a ferroelectric phase and the domain contribution from the induced ferroelectric phase was examined. Monitoring the volume changes from the simultaneously measured longitudinal and transverse strains on disk-shaped samples showed that the phasemore » transition in this specific material does not involve any notable volume change, which indicates that there is little contribution from a volume change due to the phase transition to the total strain response. Temperature dependent hysteresis measurements on unpoled samples of a nearby ferroelectric composition, 0.93(Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})TiO{sub 3}-0.06BaTiO{sub 3}-0.01(K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5})NbO{sub 3} demonstrated that the origin of the large strain is due to the presence of a nonpolar phase that brings the system back to its unpoled state once the applied electric field is removed, which leads to a large unipolar strain.« less
  • Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics (1-x-y)Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}-xBaTiO{sub 3}-yK{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} (0.05{<=}x{<=}0.07 and 0.01{<=}y{<=}0.03), have been synthesized by a conventional solid state sintering method. The room temperature ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of these ceramics were studied. Based on the measured properties, the ceramics were categorized into two groups: group I compositions having dominant ferroelectric order and group II compositions displaying mixed ferroelectric and antiferroelectric properties at room temperature. A composition from group II near the boundary between these two groups exhibited a strain as large as {approx}0.45% at an electric field of 8 kV/mm. Polarization in this composition was notmore » stable in that the piezoelectric coefficient d{sub 33} at zero electric field was only about 30 pm/V. The converse piezoelectric response becomes weaker when the composition deviated from the boundary between the groups toward either the ferroelectric or antiferroelectric compositions. These results were rationalized based on a field induced antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition.« less
  • The phase structure, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of a new lead-free piezoelectric system (1 − x)Bi{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}–xBi(Zn{sub 0.5}Hf{sub 0.5})O{sub 3} [(1 − x)BNT–xBZH, x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, and 0.04] were investigated. The structure of Bi(Zn{sub 0.5}Hf{sub 0.5})O{sub 3} was calculated using first-principles method and (1 − x)BNT–xBZH ceramics were fabricated by conventional solid-state process. At room temperature, a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) from rhombohedral to pseudocubic is identified near x = 0.02 by the analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns. The ceramics with MPB near room temperature exhibit excellent electrical properties: the Curie temperature, maximum polarization, remnant polarization, and coercive field are 340 °C, 56.3 μC/cm{sup 2}, 43.5 μC/cm{sup 2},more » and 5.4 kV/mm, respectively, while the maximum positive bipolar strain and piezoelectric coefficient are 0.09% and 92 pC/N, respectively. In addition, a linear relationship between the MPB phase boundary composition and the calculated tetragonality of non-BNT end-member was demonstrated. Thus, this study not only shows a new BNT-based lead-free piezoelectric system but also suggest a new way to predict the composition at MPB a priori when designing new lead-free piezoelectric system.« less
  • Structure and phase transitions of (1-y)((1-x)Bi 1/2Na 1/2TiO 3-xBi 1/2K 1/2TiO 3)-yK 0.5Na 0.5NbO 3 (x; y) piezoceramics (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, neutron diffraction, temperature-dependent x-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The local crystallographic structure at room temperature (RT) does not change by adding K 0.5Na 0.5NbO 3 to Bi 1/2Na 1/2TiO 3-xBi 1/2K 1/2TiO 3 for x = 0.2 and 0.4. The average crystal structure and microstructure on the other hand develop from mainly long-range polar order with ferroelectric domains to short-range order with polar nanoregions displaying amore » more pronounced relaxor character. The (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02) compositions exhibit monoclinic Cc space group symmetry, which transform into Cc + P4bm at 185 and 130 °C, respectively. This high temperature phase is stable at RT for the morphotropic phase boundary compositions of (0.1; 0.05) and all compositions with x = 0.2. For the compositions of (0.1; 0) and (0.1; 0.02), local structural changes on heating are evidenced by Raman; for all other compositions, changes in the long-range average crystal structure were observed.« less