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Title: Geometric pre-patterning based tuning of the period doubling onset strain during thin film wrinkling

Abstract

Wrinkling of supported thin films is an easy-to-implement and low-cost fabrication technique for generation of stretch-tunable periodic micro and nano-scale structures. However, the tunability of such structures is often limited by the emergence of an undesirable period doubled mode at high strains. Predictively tuning the onset strain for period doubling via existing techniques requires one to have extensive knowledge about the nonlinear pattern formation behavior. Herein, a geometric pre-patterning based technique is introduced to delay the onset of period doubling that can be implemented to predictively tune the onset strain even with limited system knowledge. The technique comprises pre-patterning the film/base bilayer with a sinusoidal pattern that has the same period as the natural wrinkle period of the system. The effectiveness of this technique has been verified via physical and computational experiments on the polydimethylsiloxane/glass bilayer system. It is observed that the period doubling onset strain can be increased from the typical value of 20% for flat films to greater than 30% with a modest pre-pattern aspect ratio (2∙amplitude/period) of 0.15. In addition, finite element simulations reveal that (i) the onset strain can be increased up to a limit by increasing the amplitude of the pre-patterns and (ii) the delayingmore » effect can be captured entirely by the pre-pattern geometry. As a result, one can implement this technique even with limited system knowledge, such as material properties or film thickness, by simply replicating pre-existing wrinkled patterns to generate prepatterned bilayers. Thus, geometric pre-patterning is a practical scheme to suppress period doubling that can increase the operating range of stretch-tunable wrinkle-based devices by at least 50%.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1345319
Report Number(s):
LLNL-TR-724461
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; buckling instability; higher modes; stretchable structures; bilayer wrinkling

Citation Formats

Saha, Sourabh K. Geometric pre-patterning based tuning of the period doubling onset strain during thin film wrinkling. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1345319.
Saha, Sourabh K. Geometric pre-patterning based tuning of the period doubling onset strain during thin film wrinkling. United States. doi:10.2172/1345319.
Saha, Sourabh K. Thu . "Geometric pre-patterning based tuning of the period doubling onset strain during thin film wrinkling". United States. doi:10.2172/1345319. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345319.
@article{osti_1345319,
title = {Geometric pre-patterning based tuning of the period doubling onset strain during thin film wrinkling},
author = {Saha, Sourabh K.},
abstractNote = {Wrinkling of supported thin films is an easy-to-implement and low-cost fabrication technique for generation of stretch-tunable periodic micro and nano-scale structures. However, the tunability of such structures is often limited by the emergence of an undesirable period doubled mode at high strains. Predictively tuning the onset strain for period doubling via existing techniques requires one to have extensive knowledge about the nonlinear pattern formation behavior. Herein, a geometric pre-patterning based technique is introduced to delay the onset of period doubling that can be implemented to predictively tune the onset strain even with limited system knowledge. The technique comprises pre-patterning the film/base bilayer with a sinusoidal pattern that has the same period as the natural wrinkle period of the system. The effectiveness of this technique has been verified via physical and computational experiments on the polydimethylsiloxane/glass bilayer system. It is observed that the period doubling onset strain can be increased from the typical value of 20% for flat films to greater than 30% with a modest pre-pattern aspect ratio (2∙amplitude/period) of 0.15. In addition, finite element simulations reveal that (i) the onset strain can be increased up to a limit by increasing the amplitude of the pre-patterns and (ii) the delaying effect can be captured entirely by the pre-pattern geometry. As a result, one can implement this technique even with limited system knowledge, such as material properties or film thickness, by simply replicating pre-existing wrinkled patterns to generate prepatterned bilayers. Thus, geometric pre-patterning is a practical scheme to suppress period doubling that can increase the operating range of stretch-tunable wrinkle-based devices by at least 50%.},
doi = {10.2172/1345319},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 16 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Feb 16 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Wrinkling of thin films is an easy-to-implement and low-cost technique to fabricate stretch-tunable periodic micro and nanoscale structures. However, the tunability of such structures is often limited by the emergence of an undesirable period-doubled mode at high strains. Predictively tuning the onset strain for period doubling via existing techniques requires one to have extensive knowledge about the nonlinear pattern formation behavior. Herein, a geometric prepatterning-based technique is introduced that can be implemented even with limited system knowledge to predictively delay period doubling. The technique comprises prepatterning the film/base bilayer with a sinusoidal pattern that has the same period as themore » natural period of the system. This technique has been verified via physical and computational experiments on the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/glass bilayer system. It is observed that the onset strain can be increased from the typical value of 20% for flat films to greater than 30% with a modest prepattern aspect ratio (2·amplitude/period) of 0.15. In addition, finite element simulations reveal that (i) the onset strain increases with increasing prepattern amplitude and (ii) the delaying effect can be captured entirely by the prepattern geometry. Therefore, one can implement this technique even with limited system knowledge, such as material properties or film thickness, by simply replicating pre-existing wrinkled patterns to generate prepatterned bilayers. Furthermore, geometric prepatterning is a practical scheme to increase the operating range of stretch-tunable wrinkle-based devices by at least 50%.« less
  • For electricity and hydrogen production, an advanced reactor technology receiving considerable international interest is a modular, passively-safe version of the high-temperature, gas-cooled reactor, known in the U.S. as the Modular Helium Reactor (MHR), which operates at a power level of 600 MW(t). For electricity production, the MHR operates with an outlet helium temperature of 850 C to drive a direct, Brayton-cycle power-conversion system with a thermal-to-electrical conversion efficiency of 48 percent. This concept is referred to as the Gas Turbine MHR (GT-MHR). For hydrogen production, both electricity and process heat from the MHR are used to produce hydrogen. This conceptmore » is referred to as the H2-MHR. This report provides pre-conceptual design descriptions of full-scale, nth-of-a-kind H2 MHR plants based on thermochemical water splitting using the Sulfur-Iodine process and High-Temperature Electrolysis.« less
  • Although geometric imperfections have a detrimental effect on buckling, imperfection sensitivity has not been well studied in the past during design of sinusoidal micro and nano-scale structures via wrinkling of supported thin films. This is likely because one is more interested in predicting the shape/size of the resultant patterns than the buckling bifurcation onset strain during fabrication of such wrinkled structures. Herein, I have demonstrated that even modest geometric imperfections alter the final wrinkled mode shapes via the mode locking phenomenon wherein the imperfection mode grows in exclusion to the natural mode of the system. To study the effect ofmore » imperfections on mode locking, I have (i) developed a finite element mesh perturbation scheme to generate arbitrary geometric imperfections in the system and (ii) performed a parametric study via finite element methods to link the amplitude and period of the sinusoidal imperfections to the observed wrinkle mode shape and size. Based on this, a non-dimensional geometric parameter has been identified that characterizes the effect of imperfection on the mode locking phenomenon – the equivalent imperfection size. An upper limit for this equivalent imperfection size has been identified via a combination of analytical and finite element modeling. During compression of supported thin films, the system gets “locked” into the imperfection mode if its equivalent imperfection size is above this critical limit. For the polydimethylsiloxane/glass bilayer with a wrinkle period of 2 µm, this mode lock-in limit corresponds to an imperfection amplitude of 32 nm for an imperfection period of 5 µm and 8 nm for an imperfection period of 0.8 µm. Interestingly, when the non-dimensional critical imperfection size is scaled by the bifurcation onset strain, the scaled critical size depends solely on the ratio of the imperfection to natural periods. Furthermore, the computational data generated here can be generalized beyond the specific natural periods and bilayer systems studied to enable deterministic design of a variety of wrinkled micro and nano-scale structures.« less