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Title: Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films

Abstract

Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films are provided. In one embodiment, a method comprises: during a first stage (220), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of an indium chloride (InCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 223) and Se vapor (121, 225) to deposit a semiconductor film (212, 232, 252) upon a substrate (114, 210, 230, 250); heating the substrate (114, 210, 230, 250) and the semiconductor film to a desired temperature (112); during a second stage (240) following the first stage (220), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of a copper chloride (CuCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 243) and Se vapor (121, 245) to the semiconductor film (212, 232, 252); and during a third stage (260) following the second stage (240), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of an indium chloride (InCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 263) and Se vapor (121, 265) to the semiconductor film (212, 232, 252).

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1345209
Patent Number(s):
9,583,667
Application Number:
14/382,106
Assignee:
Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC NREL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Feb 27
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 14 SOLAR ENERGY

Citation Formats

Albin, David S., Vora, Nirav, Jimenez, Sebastian Caparros, Gutierrez, Joaquin Murillo, Cortezon, Emilio Sanchez, and Romero, Manuel. Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Albin, David S., Vora, Nirav, Jimenez, Sebastian Caparros, Gutierrez, Joaquin Murillo, Cortezon, Emilio Sanchez, & Romero, Manuel. Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films. United States.
Albin, David S., Vora, Nirav, Jimenez, Sebastian Caparros, Gutierrez, Joaquin Murillo, Cortezon, Emilio Sanchez, and Romero, Manuel. Tue . "Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345209.
@article{osti_1345209,
title = {Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films},
author = {Albin, David S. and Vora, Nirav and Jimenez, Sebastian Caparros and Gutierrez, Joaquin Murillo and Cortezon, Emilio Sanchez and Romero, Manuel},
abstractNote = {Systems and methods for forming solar cells with CuInSe.sub.2 and Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2 films are provided. In one embodiment, a method comprises: during a first stage (220), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of an indium chloride (InCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 223) and Se vapor (121, 225) to deposit a semiconductor film (212, 232, 252) upon a substrate (114, 210, 230, 250); heating the substrate (114, 210, 230, 250) and the semiconductor film to a desired temperature (112); during a second stage (240) following the first stage (220), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of a copper chloride (CuCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 243) and Se vapor (121, 245) to the semiconductor film (212, 232, 252); and during a third stage (260) following the second stage (240), performing a mass transport through vapor transport of an indium chloride (InCl.sub.x) vapor (143, 263) and Se vapor (121, 265) to the semiconductor film (212, 232, 252).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Feb 28 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Tue Feb 28 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

The formation of large-grain CulnSe2 films by selenization by high-rate Se transport under moderate vacuum conditions
journal, April 1995

  • Albin, D. S.; Tuttle, J. R.; Noufi, R.
  • Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 4, p. 351-357
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02659698

Development of thin-film Cu(In,Ga)Se2 and CdTe solar cells
journal, March 2004

  • Romeo, A.; Terheggen, M.; Abou-Ras, D.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 12, Issue 23, p. 93-111
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.527