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Title: Obsidian in the Casas Grandes world: Procurement, exchange, and interaction in Chihuahua, Mexico, CE 1200-1450

Abstract

The Casas Grandes area in Chihuahua, Mexico and the site of Paquime was the center of one the largest regional systems in the U.S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest (SW/NW) during the Medio period (CE 1200-1450). People participated in local and distant exchange networks with groups in the SW/NW, Mesoamerica, and West Mexico. Our knowledge of which obsidian sources people used in Casas Grandes is limited, despite how obsidian could have derived from many different places. We examine how the use of specific obsidian sources may relate to broader political and economic relationships within the Casas Grandes regional system and its association with the Mimbres and Animas regions of the SW/NW. We sourced 116 artifacts using EDXRF spectrometry from four sites that neighbor Paquime. Results demonstrate people used obsidian from Chihuahua, Sonora, and New Mexico. Furthermore, there were varying levels of social interaction and regional integration because there is diversity in source use at the site level, and Casas Grandes were more connected to the Animas region than Mimbres regarding obsidian resource procurement.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK (United States)
  3. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
  4. Geoarchaeological XRF Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environment, Health, Safety and Security (AU)
OSTI Identifier:
1345137
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-21520
Journal ID: ISSN 2352-409X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-409X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Earth Sciences; Obsidian, archaeology, Mexico

Citation Formats

Dolan, Sean Gregory, Whalen, Michael E., Minnis, Paul E., and Shackley, M. Steven. Obsidian in the Casas Grandes world: Procurement, exchange, and interaction in Chihuahua, Mexico, CE 1200-1450. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.12.040.
Dolan, Sean Gregory, Whalen, Michael E., Minnis, Paul E., & Shackley, M. Steven. Obsidian in the Casas Grandes world: Procurement, exchange, and interaction in Chihuahua, Mexico, CE 1200-1450. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.12.040.
Dolan, Sean Gregory, Whalen, Michael E., Minnis, Paul E., and Shackley, M. Steven. Mon . "Obsidian in the Casas Grandes world: Procurement, exchange, and interaction in Chihuahua, Mexico, CE 1200-1450". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.12.040. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345137.
@article{osti_1345137,
title = {Obsidian in the Casas Grandes world: Procurement, exchange, and interaction in Chihuahua, Mexico, CE 1200-1450},
author = {Dolan, Sean Gregory and Whalen, Michael E. and Minnis, Paul E. and Shackley, M. Steven},
abstractNote = {The Casas Grandes area in Chihuahua, Mexico and the site of Paquime was the center of one the largest regional systems in the U.S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest (SW/NW) during the Medio period (CE 1200-1450). People participated in local and distant exchange networks with groups in the SW/NW, Mesoamerica, and West Mexico. Our knowledge of which obsidian sources people used in Casas Grandes is limited, despite how obsidian could have derived from many different places. We examine how the use of specific obsidian sources may relate to broader political and economic relationships within the Casas Grandes regional system and its association with the Mimbres and Animas regions of the SW/NW. We sourced 116 artifacts using EDXRF spectrometry from four sites that neighbor Paquime. Results demonstrate people used obsidian from Chihuahua, Sonora, and New Mexico. Furthermore, there were varying levels of social interaction and regional integration because there is diversity in source use at the site level, and Casas Grandes were more connected to the Animas region than Mimbres regarding obsidian resource procurement.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.12.040},
journal = {Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports},
number = C,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Mon Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
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