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Title: High-Penetration Photovoltaic Planning Methodologies

Abstract

The main objective of this report is to provide an overview of select U.S. utility methodologies for performing high-penetration photovoltaic (HPPV) system planning and impact studies. This report covers the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's orders related to photovoltaic (PV) power system interconnection, particularly the interconnection processes for the Large Generation Interconnection Procedures and Small Generation Interconnection Procedures. In addition, it includes U.S. state interconnection standards and procedures. The procedures used by these regulatory bodies consider the impacts of HPPV power plants on the networks. Technical interconnection requirements for HPPV voltage regulation include aspects of power monitoring, grounding, synchronization, connection to the overall distribution system, back-feeds, disconnecting means, abnormal operating conditions, and power quality. This report provides a summary of mitigation strategies to minimize the impact of HPPV. Recommendations and revisions to the standards may take place as the penetration level of renewables on the grid increases and new technologies develop in future years.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Alternative Power Innovations, LLC, Broomfield, CO (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1345059
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5D00-64227
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; high-penetration photovoltaic; HPPV; voltage regulation; distributed generation

Citation Formats

Gao, David Wenzhong, Muljadi, Eduard, Tian, Tian, and Miller, Mackay. High-Penetration Photovoltaic Planning Methodologies. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1345059.
Gao, David Wenzhong, Muljadi, Eduard, Tian, Tian, & Miller, Mackay. High-Penetration Photovoltaic Planning Methodologies. United States. doi:10.2172/1345059.
Gao, David Wenzhong, Muljadi, Eduard, Tian, Tian, and Miller, Mackay. Fri . "High-Penetration Photovoltaic Planning Methodologies". United States. doi:10.2172/1345059. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345059.
@article{osti_1345059,
title = {High-Penetration Photovoltaic Planning Methodologies},
author = {Gao, David Wenzhong and Muljadi, Eduard and Tian, Tian and Miller, Mackay},
abstractNote = {The main objective of this report is to provide an overview of select U.S. utility methodologies for performing high-penetration photovoltaic (HPPV) system planning and impact studies. This report covers the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's orders related to photovoltaic (PV) power system interconnection, particularly the interconnection processes for the Large Generation Interconnection Procedures and Small Generation Interconnection Procedures. In addition, it includes U.S. state interconnection standards and procedures. The procedures used by these regulatory bodies consider the impacts of HPPV power plants on the networks. Technical interconnection requirements for HPPV voltage regulation include aspects of power monitoring, grounding, synchronization, connection to the overall distribution system, back-feeds, disconnecting means, abnormal operating conditions, and power quality. This report provides a summary of mitigation strategies to minimize the impact of HPPV. Recommendations and revisions to the standards may take place as the penetration level of renewables on the grid increases and new technologies develop in future years.},
doi = {10.2172/1345059},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 24 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 24 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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