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Title: Subplane-based Control Rod Decusping Techniques for the 2D/1D Method in MPACT

Abstract

The MPACT transport code is being jointly developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Michigan to serve as the primary neutron transport code for the Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications Core Simulator. MPACT uses the 2D/1D method to solve the transport equation by decomposing the reactor model into a stack of 2D planes. A fine mesh flux distribution is calculated in each 2D plane using the Method of Characteristics (MOC), then the planes are coupled axially through a 1D NEM-P$$_3$$ calculation. This iterative calculation is then accelerated using the Coarse Mesh Finite Difference method. One problem that arises frequently when using the 2D/1D method is that of control rod cusping. This occurs when the tip of a control rod falls between the boundaries of an MOC plane, requiring that the rodded and unrodded regions be axially homogenized for the 2D MOC calculations. Performing a volume homogenization does not properly preserve the reaction rates, causing an error known as cusping. The most straightforward way of resolving this problem is by refining the axial mesh, but this can significantly increase the computational expense of the calculation. The other way of resolving the partially inserted rod is through the use of a decusping method. This paper presents new decusping methods implemented in MPACT that can dynamically correct the rod cusping behavior for a variety of problems.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Michigan
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Consortium for Advanced Simulation of LWRs (CASL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1344279
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: M&C 2017 - International Conference on Mathematics & Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering, Jeju, South Korea, 20170416, 20170420
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Graham, Aaron M, Collins, Benjamin S, and Downar, Thomas. Subplane-based Control Rod Decusping Techniques for the 2D/1D Method in MPACT. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Graham, Aaron M, Collins, Benjamin S, & Downar, Thomas. Subplane-based Control Rod Decusping Techniques for the 2D/1D Method in MPACT. United States.
Graham, Aaron M, Collins, Benjamin S, and Downar, Thomas. Sun . "Subplane-based Control Rod Decusping Techniques for the 2D/1D Method in MPACT". United States.
@article{osti_1344279,
title = {Subplane-based Control Rod Decusping Techniques for the 2D/1D Method in MPACT},
author = {Graham, Aaron M and Collins, Benjamin S and Downar, Thomas},
abstractNote = {The MPACT transport code is being jointly developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Michigan to serve as the primary neutron transport code for the Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications Core Simulator. MPACT uses the 2D/1D method to solve the transport equation by decomposing the reactor model into a stack of 2D planes. A fine mesh flux distribution is calculated in each 2D plane using the Method of Characteristics (MOC), then the planes are coupled axially through a 1D NEM-P$_3$ calculation. This iterative calculation is then accelerated using the Coarse Mesh Finite Difference method. One problem that arises frequently when using the 2D/1D method is that of control rod cusping. This occurs when the tip of a control rod falls between the boundaries of an MOC plane, requiring that the rodded and unrodded regions be axially homogenized for the 2D MOC calculations. Performing a volume homogenization does not properly preserve the reaction rates, causing an error known as cusping. The most straightforward way of resolving this problem is by refining the axial mesh, but this can significantly increase the computational expense of the calculation. The other way of resolving the partially inserted rod is through the use of a decusping method. This paper presents new decusping methods implemented in MPACT that can dynamically correct the rod cusping behavior for a variety of problems.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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