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Title: DMS role in ENSO cycle in the tropics: DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in Tropics

Abstract

We examined the multiyear mean and variability of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and its relationship to sulfate aerosols, as well as cloud microphysical and radiative properties. We conducted a 150 year simulation using preindustrial conditions produced by the Community Earth System Model embedded with a dynamic DMS module. The model simulated the mean spatial distribution of DMS emissions and burden, as well as sulfur budgets associated with DMS, SO2, H2SO4, and sulfate that were generally similar to available observations and inventories for a variety of regions. Changes in simulated sea-to-air DMS emissions and associated atmospheric abundance, along with associated aerosols and cloud and radiative properties, were consistently dominated by El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle in the tropical Pacific region. Simulated DMS, aerosols, and clouds showed a weak positive feedback on sea surface temperature. This feedback suggests a link among DMS, aerosols, clouds, and climate on interannual timescales. The variability of DMS emissions associated with ENSO was primarily caused by a higher variation in wind speed during La Niña events. The simulation results also suggest that variations in DMS emissions increase the frequency of La Niña events but do not alter ENSO variability in terms of the standard deviation of the Niñomore » 3 sea surface temperature anomalies.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla California USA; Now at Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine California USA
  2. Atmospheric, Earth and Energy Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore California USA
  3. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla California USA
  4. Atmospheric Science and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington USA
  5. Climate Ocean Sea Ice Modeling, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos New Mexico USA
  6. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla California USA; Atmospheric Science and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1343183
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123189
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; KP1703020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; dimethyl sulfide DMS; ENSO; El Nino-Southern Oscillation

Citation Formats

Xu, Li, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Russell, Lynn M., Ghan, Steven J., Liu, Ying, Elliott, Scott, Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Lamjiri, Maryam A., and Manizza, Manfredi. DMS role in ENSO cycle in the tropics: DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in Tropics. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JD025333.
Xu, Li, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Russell, Lynn M., Ghan, Steven J., Liu, Ying, Elliott, Scott, Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Lamjiri, Maryam A., & Manizza, Manfredi. DMS role in ENSO cycle in the tropics: DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in Tropics. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD025333.
Xu, Li, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Russell, Lynn M., Ghan, Steven J., Liu, Ying, Elliott, Scott, Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Lamjiri, Maryam A., and Manizza, Manfredi. Wed . "DMS role in ENSO cycle in the tropics: DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in Tropics". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JD025333.
@article{osti_1343183,
title = {DMS role in ENSO cycle in the tropics: DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in Tropics},
author = {Xu, Li and Cameron-Smith, Philip and Russell, Lynn M. and Ghan, Steven J. and Liu, Ying and Elliott, Scott and Yang, Yang and Lou, Sijia and Lamjiri, Maryam A. and Manizza, Manfredi},
abstractNote = {We examined the multiyear mean and variability of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and its relationship to sulfate aerosols, as well as cloud microphysical and radiative properties. We conducted a 150 year simulation using preindustrial conditions produced by the Community Earth System Model embedded with a dynamic DMS module. The model simulated the mean spatial distribution of DMS emissions and burden, as well as sulfur budgets associated with DMS, SO2, H2SO4, and sulfate that were generally similar to available observations and inventories for a variety of regions. Changes in simulated sea-to-air DMS emissions and associated atmospheric abundance, along with associated aerosols and cloud and radiative properties, were consistently dominated by El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle in the tropical Pacific region. Simulated DMS, aerosols, and clouds showed a weak positive feedback on sea surface temperature. This feedback suggests a link among DMS, aerosols, clouds, and climate on interannual timescales. The variability of DMS emissions associated with ENSO was primarily caused by a higher variation in wind speed during La Niña events. The simulation results also suggest that variations in DMS emissions increase the frequency of La Niña events but do not alter ENSO variability in terms of the standard deviation of the Niño 3 sea surface temperature anomalies.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JD025333},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
issn = {2169-897X},
number = 22,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}

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