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Title: Element-resolved magnetism across the temperature- and pressure-induced spin reorientation in MnBi

Abstract

Rare-earth free permanent magnet MnBi (NiAs-type crystal structure) displays strong magnetic anisotropy above its 90 K spin reorientation transition (SRT). X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) shows induced magnetism in Bi 5d band, which is strongly coupled to the magnetism of Mn. A clear increase in Bi orbital-to-spin moment ratio is observed above the SRT. Hydrostatic pressure mimics the e*ect of temperature on the SRT, and the pressure effect also leads to anisotropic lattice contraction, which is known to be induced by cooling. These results reveal that temperature and pressure can similarly induce the coupled structural and magnetic responses, suggesting the importance of the anisotropic lattice change and Mn-Bi hybridization to the magnetic anisotropy change across the SRT.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1342924
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1333604; OSTI ID: 1333993; OSTI ID: 1357208
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-118447; IS-J-9161
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; CJ0100000
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; FG02-99ER45775; AC02-06CH11357; NA0001974; AC02-07CH1358
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
MnBi; spin reorientation; xmcd; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Choi, Yongseong, Jiang, Xiujuan, Bi, Wenli, Lapa, Pavel, Chouhan, Rajiv K., Paudyal, D., Varga, Tamas, Popov, Dmitry, Cui, Jun, Haskel, Daniel, and Jiang, J. S. Element-resolved magnetism across the temperature- and pressure-induced spin reorientation in MnBi. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.184433.
Choi, Yongseong, Jiang, Xiujuan, Bi, Wenli, Lapa, Pavel, Chouhan, Rajiv K., Paudyal, D., Varga, Tamas, Popov, Dmitry, Cui, Jun, Haskel, Daniel, & Jiang, J. S. Element-resolved magnetism across the temperature- and pressure-induced spin reorientation in MnBi. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.184433.
Choi, Yongseong, Jiang, Xiujuan, Bi, Wenli, Lapa, Pavel, Chouhan, Rajiv K., Paudyal, D., Varga, Tamas, Popov, Dmitry, Cui, Jun, Haskel, Daniel, and Jiang, J. S. Tue . "Element-resolved magnetism across the temperature- and pressure-induced spin reorientation in MnBi". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.184433. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342924.
@article{osti_1342924,
title = {Element-resolved magnetism across the temperature- and pressure-induced spin reorientation in MnBi},
author = {Choi, Yongseong and Jiang, Xiujuan and Bi, Wenli and Lapa, Pavel and Chouhan, Rajiv K. and Paudyal, D. and Varga, Tamas and Popov, Dmitry and Cui, Jun and Haskel, Daniel and Jiang, J. S.},
abstractNote = {Rare-earth free permanent magnet MnBi (NiAs-type crystal structure) displays strong magnetic anisotropy above its 90 K spin reorientation transition (SRT). X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) shows induced magnetism in Bi 5d band, which is strongly coupled to the magnetism of Mn. A clear increase in Bi orbital-to-spin moment ratio is observed above the SRT. Hydrostatic pressure mimics the e*ect of temperature on the SRT, and the pressure effect also leads to anisotropic lattice contraction, which is known to be induced by cooling. These results reveal that temperature and pressure can similarly induce the coupled structural and magnetic responses, suggesting the importance of the anisotropic lattice change and Mn-Bi hybridization to the magnetic anisotropy change across the SRT.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.94.184433},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 18,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865