skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Uranium Mining and Milling

Abstract

The beginning of the nuclear fuel cycle is with mining and milling. These two stages may take billions of dollars invested and applied over a multi-year period before any product is redeemed

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1342847
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20809
TRN: US1701912
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; URANIUM; MILLING; MINING; FUEL CYCLE; fuel cycle

Citation Formats

Karpius, Peter Joseph. Uranium Mining and Milling. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1342847.
Karpius, Peter Joseph. Uranium Mining and Milling. United States. doi:10.2172/1342847.
Karpius, Peter Joseph. Thu . "Uranium Mining and Milling". United States. doi:10.2172/1342847. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342847.
@article{osti_1342847,
title = {Uranium Mining and Milling},
author = {Karpius, Peter Joseph},
abstractNote = {The beginning of the nuclear fuel cycle is with mining and milling. These two stages may take billions of dollars invested and applied over a multi-year period before any product is redeemed},
doi = {10.2172/1342847},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This volume contains two parts. The first part is a summary of issues. It complements the second part which is a program plan proposed by the New Mexico Environmental Improvement Division (NMEID) for the study and mitigation of environmental effects of uranium mining and milling. The NMEID program plan was begun when the lack of an adequate data base upon which the NMEID could base recommendations for new environmental laws and regulations applying to the uranium mining and milling industry was perceived. The NMEID planning document notes that, in the absence of adequate scientific data, State decisions regarding the regulationmore » of the uranium industry may prove to be overly restrictive or not as restrictive as is necessary to assure protection of the public and the environment. To counter these tendencies, certain plans for cooperative studies involving Federal and State agencies are proposed. In particular, there is the need to improve the data base for determining population radiation exposure in affected areas and to evaluate the data needs for developing an ambient radon standard. It is concluded that the DOE's mission of energy development would be advanced by the provision of technical assistance and, in some cases, funds for certain State programs that demonstrably contribute to the State's ability to deal with Federal regulatory agencies as an informed, independent agent in regard to problems of uranium development.« less
  • Wastewater from uranium mines in the Ambrosia Lake district near Grants, N. Mex., contains uranium, selenium, radium, and molybdenum. A novel treatment process for waters from two mines, sections 35 and 36, to reduce the concentrations of the trace contaminants was developed. Particulates are settled by ponding and the waters are passed through an ion exchange resin to remove uranium; barium chloride is added to precipitate sulfate and radium from the mine waters. The mine waters are subsequently passed through three consecutive algae ponds prior to discharge. Water, sediment, and biological samples were collected over a 4-year period and analyzedmore » to assess the role of biological agents in removal of inorganic trace contaminants from the mine waters.« less
  • The report contained in this volume considers the availability of electric power to supply uranium mines and mills. The report, submited to Sandia Laboratories by the New Mexico Department of Energy and Minerals (EMD), is reproduced without modification. The state concludes that the supply of power, including natural gas-fueled production, will not constrain uranium production.
  • Worldwide research is cited on uranium mining waste management and effluent control. Studies on mining practices, radon monitoring, health hazards, and land reclamation are covered. Government policies and regulations concerning present and long term waste handling are included. (This updated bibliography contains 110 abstracts, 24 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)
  • Pollution, public and occupational health, and waste management associated with uranium ore recovery and processing are cited. The monitoring and control of contamination in air and effluents in the mining vicinities are discussed in this collection of Federally-funded research. (This updated bibliography contains 242 abstracts, 39 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)