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Title: White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics

Abstract

In preparation for the 2015 NSAC Long Range Plan (LRP), the DNP town meetings on Nuclear Astrophysics and Low-Energy Nuclear Physics were held at the Mitchell Center on the campus of Texas A&M University August 21–23, 2014. Participants met in a number of topic-oriented working groups to discuss progress since the 2007 LRP, compelling science opportunities, and the resources needed to advance them. These considerations were used to determine priorities for the next five to ten years. In addition, approximately 270 participants attended the meetings, coming from US national laboratories, a wide range of US universities and other research institutions and universities abroad.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [1];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [2];  [13];  [5];  [14];  [15];  [6];  [8] more »;  [16];  [17];  [16];  [2];  [6];  [13];  [18];  [6];  [5];  [17];  [19];  [15] « less
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
  4. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  7. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  9. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
  10. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Triangle Univ. Nuclear Lab., Durham, NC (United States)
  11. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  12. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  13. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)
  14. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  15. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  16. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  17. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  18. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  19. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1342767
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1363626; OSTI ID: 1366487
Report Number(s):
BNL-113453-2017-JA; JLAB-PHY-17-2410; DOE/OR/23177-4088
Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410; R&D Project: 05055; 05055; KB0301042; TRN: US1700523
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; AC05-06OR23177; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Nuclear astrophysics; Nuclear data; Nuclear reactions; Nuclear structure; Nuclear theory; White paper

Citation Formats

Carlson, Joe, Carpenter, Michael P., Casten, Richard, Elster, Charlotte, Fallon, Paul, Gade, Alexandra, Gross, Carl, Hagen, Gaute, Hayes, Anna C., Higinbotham, Douglas W., Howell, Calvin R., Horowitz, Charles J., Jones, Kate L., Kondev, Filip G., Lapi, Suzanne, Macchiavelli, Augusto, McCutchen, Elizabeth A., Natowitz, Joe, Nazarewicz, Witold, Papenbrock, Thomas, Reddy, Sanjay, Riley, Mark A., Savage, Martin J., Savard, Guy, Sherrill, Bradley M., Sobotka, Lee G., Stoyer, Mark A., Tsang, M. Betty, Vetter, Kai, Wiedenhoever, Ingo, Wuosmaa, Alan H., and Yennello, Sherry. White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.11.002.
Carlson, Joe, Carpenter, Michael P., Casten, Richard, Elster, Charlotte, Fallon, Paul, Gade, Alexandra, Gross, Carl, Hagen, Gaute, Hayes, Anna C., Higinbotham, Douglas W., Howell, Calvin R., Horowitz, Charles J., Jones, Kate L., Kondev, Filip G., Lapi, Suzanne, Macchiavelli, Augusto, McCutchen, Elizabeth A., Natowitz, Joe, Nazarewicz, Witold, Papenbrock, Thomas, Reddy, Sanjay, Riley, Mark A., Savage, Martin J., Savard, Guy, Sherrill, Bradley M., Sobotka, Lee G., Stoyer, Mark A., Tsang, M. Betty, Vetter, Kai, Wiedenhoever, Ingo, Wuosmaa, Alan H., & Yennello, Sherry. White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.11.002.
Carlson, Joe, Carpenter, Michael P., Casten, Richard, Elster, Charlotte, Fallon, Paul, Gade, Alexandra, Gross, Carl, Hagen, Gaute, Hayes, Anna C., Higinbotham, Douglas W., Howell, Calvin R., Horowitz, Charles J., Jones, Kate L., Kondev, Filip G., Lapi, Suzanne, Macchiavelli, Augusto, McCutchen, Elizabeth A., Natowitz, Joe, Nazarewicz, Witold, Papenbrock, Thomas, Reddy, Sanjay, Riley, Mark A., Savage, Martin J., Savard, Guy, Sherrill, Bradley M., Sobotka, Lee G., Stoyer, Mark A., Tsang, M. Betty, Vetter, Kai, Wiedenhoever, Ingo, Wuosmaa, Alan H., and Yennello, Sherry. Wed . "White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.11.002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342767.
@article{osti_1342767,
title = {White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low-energy nuclear physics, Part 2: Low-energy nuclear physics},
author = {Carlson, Joe and Carpenter, Michael P. and Casten, Richard and Elster, Charlotte and Fallon, Paul and Gade, Alexandra and Gross, Carl and Hagen, Gaute and Hayes, Anna C. and Higinbotham, Douglas W. and Howell, Calvin R. and Horowitz, Charles J. and Jones, Kate L. and Kondev, Filip G. and Lapi, Suzanne and Macchiavelli, Augusto and McCutchen, Elizabeth A. and Natowitz, Joe and Nazarewicz, Witold and Papenbrock, Thomas and Reddy, Sanjay and Riley, Mark A. and Savage, Martin J. and Savard, Guy and Sherrill, Bradley M. and Sobotka, Lee G. and Stoyer, Mark A. and Tsang, M. Betty and Vetter, Kai and Wiedenhoever, Ingo and Wuosmaa, Alan H. and Yennello, Sherry},
abstractNote = {In preparation for the 2015 NSAC Long Range Plan (LRP), the DNP town meetings on Nuclear Astrophysics and Low-Energy Nuclear Physics were held at the Mitchell Center on the campus of Texas A&M University August 21–23, 2014. Participants met in a number of topic-oriented working groups to discuss progress since the 2007 LRP, compelling science opportunities, and the resources needed to advance them. These considerations were used to determine priorities for the next five to ten years. In addition, approximately 270 participants attended the meetings, coming from US national laboratories, a wide range of US universities and other research institutions and universities abroad.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.11.002},
journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
number = C,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 04 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Jan 04 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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  • Over the last decade, the Low-Energy Nuclear Physics (LENP) and Nuclear Astrophysics (NAP) communities have increasingly organized themselves in order to take a coherent approach to resolving the challenges they face. As a result, there is a high level of optimism in view of the unprecedented opportunities for substantial progress. In preparation of the 2015 US Nuclear Science Long Range Plan (LRP), the two American Physical Society Division of Nuclear Physics town meetings on LENP and NAP were held jointly on August 21-23, 2014, at Texas A&M, College Station, in Texas. These meetings were co-organized to take advantage of themore » strong synergy between the two fields. The present White Paper attempts to communicate the sense of great anticipation and enthusiasm that came out of these meetings. A unanimously endorsed set of joint resolutions condensed from the individual recommendations of the two town meetings were agreed upon. The present LENP White Paper discusses the above and summarizes in detail for each of the sub-fields within low-energy nuclear physics, the major accomplishments since the last LRP, the compelling near-term and long-term scientific opportunities plus the resources needed to achieve these goals, along with the scientific impact on, and interdisciplinary connections to, other fields.« less
  • Over the last decade, the Low-Energy Nuclear Physics (LENP) and Nuclear Astrophysics (NAP) communities have increasingly organized themselves in order to take a coherent approach to resolving the challenges they face. As a result, there is a high level of optimism in view of the unprecedented opportunities for substantial progress. In preparation of the 2015 US Nuclear Science Long Range Plan (LRP), the two American Physical Society Division of Nuclear Physics town meetings on LENP and NAP were held jointly on August 21–23, 2014, at Texas A&M, College Station, in Texas. These meetings were co-organized to take advantage of themore » strong synergy between the two fields. The present White Paper attempts to communicate the sense of great anticipation and enthusiasm that came out of these meetings. A unanimously endorsed set of joint resolutions condensed from the individual recommendations of the two town meetings were agreed upon. The present LENP White Paper discusses the above and summarizes in detail for each of the sub-fields within lowenergy nuclear physics, the major accomplishments since the last LRP, the compelling nearterm and long-term scientific opportunities plus the resources needed to achieve these goals, along with the scientific impact on, and interdisciplinary connections to, other fields.« less
  • This white paper informs the nuclear astrophysics community and funding agencies about the scientific directions and priorities of the field and provides input from this community for the 2015 Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also summarizes the outcome of the nuclear astrophysics town meeting that was held on August 21–23, 2014 in College Station at the campus of Texas A&M University in preparation of the NSAC Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also reflects the outcome of an earlier town meeting of the nuclear astrophysics community organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) on October 9–10, 2012more » Detroit, Michigan, with the purpose of developing a vision for nuclear astrophysics in light of the recent NRC decadal surveys in nuclear physics (NP2010) and astronomy (ASTRO2010). Our white paper is informed informed by the town meeting of the Association of Research at University Nuclear Accelerators (ARUNA) that took place at the University of Notre Dame on June 12–13, 2014. In summary we find that nuclear astrophysics is a modern and vibrant field addressing fundamental science questions at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics. These questions relate to the origin of the elements, the nuclear engines that drive life and death of stars, and the properties of dense matter. A broad range of nuclear accelerator facilities, astronomical observatories, theory efforts, and computational capabilities are needed. Answers to long standing key questions are well within reach in the coming decade because of the developments outlined in this white paper.« less
  • This white paper informs the nuclear astrophysics community and funding agencies about the scientific directions and priorities of the field and provides input from this community for the 2015 Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It summarizes the outcome of the nuclear astrophysics town meeting that was held on August 21–23, 2014 in College Station at the campus of Texas A&M University in preparation of the NSAC Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also reflects the outcome of an earlier town meeting of the nuclear astrophysics community organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) on October 9–10, 2012 Detroit,more » Michigan, with the purpose of developing a vision for nuclear astrophysics in light of the recent NRC decadal surveys in nuclear physics (NP2010) and astronomy (ASTRO2010). The white paper is furthermore informed by the town meeting of the Association of Research at University Nuclear Accelerators (ARUNA) that took place at the University of Notre Dame on June 12–13, 2014. In summary we find that nuclear astrophysics is a modern and vibrant field addressing fundamental science questions at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics. These questions relate to the origin of the elements, the nuclear engines that drive life and death of stars, and the properties of dense matter. A broad range of nuclear accelerator facilities, astronomical observatories, theory efforts, and computational capabilities are needed. With the developments outlined in this white paper, answers to long standing key questions are well within reach in the coming decade.« less
  • This white paper informs the nuclear astrophysics community and funding agencies about the scientific directions and priorities of the field and provides input from this community for the 2015 Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It summarizes the outcome of the nuclear astrophysics town meeting that was held on August 21 - 23, 2014 in College Station at the campus of Texas A&M University in preparation of the NSAC Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also reflects the outcome of an earlier town meeting of the nuclear astrophysics community organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) on October 9more » - 10, 2012 Detroit, Michigan, with the purpose of developing a vision for nuclear astrophysics in light of the recent NRC decadal surveys in nuclear physics (NP2010) and astronomy (ASTRO2010). The white paper is furthermore informed by the town meeting of the Association of Research at University Nuclear Accelerators (ARUNA) that took place at the University of Notre Dame on June 12 - 13, 2014. In summary we find that nuclear astrophysics is a modern and vibrant field addressing fundamental science questions at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics. These questions relate to the origin of the elements, the nuclear engines that drive life and death of stars, and the properties of dense matter. A broad range of nuclear accelerator facilities, astronomical observatories, theory efforts, and computational capabilities are needed. With the developments outlined in this white paper, answers to long-standing key questions are well within reach in the coming decade.« less