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Title: Microstructural, mechanical and optical properties research of a carbon ion-irradiated Y 2SiO 5 crystal

Abstract

Ion irradiation has been a popular method to modify properties of different kinds of materials. Ion-irradiated crystals have been studied for years, but the effects on microstructure and optical properties during irradiation process are still controversial. In this study, we used 6 MeV C ions with a fluence of 1 × 10 15 ion/cm 2 irradiated Y 2SiO 5 (YSO) crystal at room temperature, and discussed the influence of C ion irradiation on the microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of YSO crystal by Rutherford backscattering/channeling analyzes (RBS/C), X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD), Raman, nano-indentation test, transmission and absorption spectroscopy, the prism coupling and the end-facet coupling experiments. We also used the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) to analyze the elements distribution along sputtering depth. Finally, 6 MeV C ions with a fluence of 1 × 10 15 ion/cm 2 irradiated caused the deformation of YSO structure and also influenced the spectral properties and lattice vibrations.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. Shandong Univ., Jinan (China). State Key Lab. of Crystal Materials. Key Lab. of Particle Physics and Particle Irradiation (MOE). School of Physics
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai (China). Shanghai Inst. of Applied Physics
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Shandong Univ., Jinan (China)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Peking Univ. (China)
Contributing Org.:
Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai (China)
OSTI Identifier:
1342763
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830; U1432120; 11275117
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 406; Journal Issue: B; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Y2SiO5; Ion irradiation; SIMS; Raman; Optical

Citation Formats

Song, Hong-Lian, Yu, Xiao-Fei, Huang, Qing, Qiao, Mei, Wang, Tie-Jun, Zhang, Jing, Liu, Yong, Liu, Peng, Zhu, Zi-Hua, and Wang, Xue-Lin. Microstructural, mechanical and optical properties research of a carbon ion-irradiated Y2SiO5 crystal. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.NIMB.2017.01.038.
Song, Hong-Lian, Yu, Xiao-Fei, Huang, Qing, Qiao, Mei, Wang, Tie-Jun, Zhang, Jing, Liu, Yong, Liu, Peng, Zhu, Zi-Hua, & Wang, Xue-Lin. Microstructural, mechanical and optical properties research of a carbon ion-irradiated Y2SiO5 crystal. United States. doi:10.1016/J.NIMB.2017.01.038.
Song, Hong-Lian, Yu, Xiao-Fei, Huang, Qing, Qiao, Mei, Wang, Tie-Jun, Zhang, Jing, Liu, Yong, Liu, Peng, Zhu, Zi-Hua, and Wang, Xue-Lin. Sat . "Microstructural, mechanical and optical properties research of a carbon ion-irradiated Y2SiO5 crystal". United States. doi:10.1016/J.NIMB.2017.01.038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342763.
@article{osti_1342763,
title = {Microstructural, mechanical and optical properties research of a carbon ion-irradiated Y2SiO5 crystal},
author = {Song, Hong-Lian and Yu, Xiao-Fei and Huang, Qing and Qiao, Mei and Wang, Tie-Jun and Zhang, Jing and Liu, Yong and Liu, Peng and Zhu, Zi-Hua and Wang, Xue-Lin},
abstractNote = {Ion irradiation has been a popular method to modify properties of different kinds of materials. Ion-irradiated crystals have been studied for years, but the effects on microstructure and optical properties during irradiation process are still controversial. In this study, we used 6 MeV C ions with a fluence of 1 × 1015 ion/cm2 irradiated Y2SiO5 (YSO) crystal at room temperature, and discussed the influence of C ion irradiation on the microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of YSO crystal by Rutherford backscattering/channeling analyzes (RBS/C), X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD), Raman, nano-indentation test, transmission and absorption spectroscopy, the prism coupling and the end-facet coupling experiments. We also used the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) to analyze the elements distribution along sputtering depth. Finally, 6 MeV C ions with a fluence of 1 × 1015 ion/cm2 irradiated caused the deformation of YSO structure and also influenced the spectral properties and lattice vibrations.},
doi = {10.1016/J.NIMB.2017.01.038},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
number = B,
volume = 406,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jan 28 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Sat Jan 28 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
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  • The temperature decays of the intensity of a photon echo on resonant transitions of a praseodymium atom have been studied in the crystal Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Pr{sup +3}. It is shown that the results differ substantially from those previously obtained in a number of crystal matrices and cannot be interpreted on the basis of known mechanisms of dephasing of optical transitions in impurity ions in crystals. 14 refs., 4 figs.
  • Interaction of Whispering Gallery Modes (WGMs) with dilute spin ensembles in solids is an interesting paradigm of Hybrid Quantum Systems potentially beneficial for Quantum Signal Processing applications. Unexpected ion transitions are measured in single crystal Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} using WGM spectroscopy with large Zero Field Splittings at 14.7 GHz, 18.4 GHz, and 25.4 GHz, which also feature considerable anisotropy of the g-tensors as well as two inequivalent lattice sites, indicating spins from Iron Group Ion (IGI) impurities. The comparison of undoped and Rare-Earth doped crystals reveal that the IGIs are introduced during co-doping of Eu{sup 3+} or Er{sup 3+} with concentration at muchmore » lower levels of order 100 ppb. The strong coupling regime between an ensemble of IGI spins and WGM photons have been demonstrated at 18.4 GHz and near zero field. This approach together with useful optical properties of these ions opens avenues for “spins-in-solids” Quantum Electrodynamics.« less
  • (((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-H))/sub 3/(..mu../sub 3/-H))(Li(THF)/sub 4/) (1) reacts with 1 equiv of CH/sub 3/OH at 0/sup 0/C to form (((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-OCH/sub 3/))((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-H))/sub 2/(..mu../sub 3/-H))(Li(THF)/sub 4/) (2) Reaction of 1 with 2 equiv of CH/sub 3/OH or 2 with 1 equiv of CH/sub 3/OH at 0/sup 0/C forms (((C/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-OCH/sub 3/))/sub 2/((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/y(..mu..-H))(..mu../sub 3/-H))(Li(THF)/sub 4/) (3) (((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-OCH/sub 3/))/sub 3/(..mu../sub 3/-H))(Li(THF)/sub 4/) (4) can be formed from 1-3 with the appropriate amount of CH/sub 3/OH at 0/sup 0/C. The central ..mu../sub 3/-H of these trimers does not react with CH/submore » 3/OH. All trimetallic species were identified by elemental analysis, hydrolytic decomposition and /sup 1/H NMR spectroscopy. Crystallization of 4 from THF gives (((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Y(..mu..-OCH/sub 3/))/sub 3/(..mu..-H))/sub 2/(Li(THF)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ (5) in space group P2/sub 1//n with the following unit cell dimensions: a = 20.852 (9), b = 13.984 (5), c = 31.590 (9) A, ..beta.. = 92.48 (4)/sup 0/; V = 9203 (7) A/sup 3/, Z = 8; D/sub calcd/ = 1.81 g cm/sup -3/.« less
  • The enthalpies of formation of two rare-earth silicates (Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} and Yb{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}) and a N-containing rare-earth silicate Y{sub 10}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}N{sub 2} have been determined using high-temperature drop solution calorimetry. Alkali borate (52 wt{percent} LiBO{sub 2}{center_dot}48 wt{percent} NaBO{sub 2}) solvent was used at 800 {degree}C, and oxygen gas was bubbled through the melt. The nitrogen-containing silicate was oxidized during dissolution. The standard enthalpies of formation are for Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}, Yb{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}, and Y{sub 10}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}N{sub 2}, respectively, {minus}2868.54{plus_minus}5.34, {minus}2774.75{plus_minus}8.21, and {minus}14145.20{plus_minus}16.48 kJ/mol from elements, and {minus}52.53{plus_minus}4.83, {minus}49.45{plus_minus}8.35, and {minus}94.53{plus_minus}11.66 kJ/mol from oxides (Y{sub 2}O{submore » 3} or Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3}, SiO{sub 2}) and nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}). The silicates and N-containing silicate are energetically stable with respect to binary oxides and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, but the N-containing silicate may be metastable with respect to assemblages containing Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and SiO{sub 2}. A linear relationship was found between the enthalpy of formation of a series of M{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} silicates from binary oxides and the ionic potential (z/r) of the metal cation. {copyright} {ital 1999 Materials Research Society.}« less
  • Anti-Stokes fluorescence from the {sup 3}P{sub 0} level of impurity ions was detected in Pr{sup 3+} : Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}, Pr{sup 3+} : Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}, and Pr{sup 3+} : Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystals non-resonantly pumped by laser radiation with a certain power density. The integrated intensity of the anti-Stokes fluorescence depends nonlinearly on the pump power density. As the atomic concentration of impurity ions was increased from 0.3% to 0.6% and 1.8%, the anti-Stokes fluorescence intensity was saturated due to the concentration quenching of the {sup 1}D{sub 2} term of the impurity Pr{sup 3+} ions. The anti-Stokes fluorescence andmore » quenching of the {sup 1}D{sub 2} term occur due to the cross relaxation of the electronic energy of excited terms of the Pr{sup 3+} ions. (lasers, active media)« less