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Title: Electrochemical capture and release of carbon dioxide

Abstract

Understanding the chemistry of carbon dioxide is key to affecting changes in atmospheric concentrations. One area of intense interest is CO 2 capture in chemically reversible cycles relevant to carbon capture technologies. Most CO 2 capture methods involve thermal cycles in which a nucleophilic agent captures CO 2 from impure gas streams (e.g., flue gas), followed by a thermal process in which pure CO 2 is released. Several reviews have detailed progress in these approaches. A less explored strategy uses electrochemical cycles to capture CO 2 and release it in pure form. These cycles typically rely on electrochemical generation of nucleophiles that attack CO 2 at the electrophilic carbon atom, forming a CO 2 adduct. Then, CO 2 is released in pure form via a subsequent electrochemical step. In this Perspective, we describe electrochemical cycles for CO 2 capture and release, emphasizing electrogenerated nucleophiles. As a result, we also discuss some advantages and disadvantages inherent in this general approach.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1341908
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345211
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000343
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Rheinhardt, Joseph H., Singh, Poonam, Tarakeshwar, Pilarisetty, and Buttry, Daniel A. Electrochemical capture and release of carbon dioxide. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00608.
Rheinhardt, Joseph H., Singh, Poonam, Tarakeshwar, Pilarisetty, & Buttry, Daniel A. Electrochemical capture and release of carbon dioxide. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00608.
Rheinhardt, Joseph H., Singh, Poonam, Tarakeshwar, Pilarisetty, and Buttry, Daniel A. Wed . "Electrochemical capture and release of carbon dioxide". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00608.
@article{osti_1341908,
title = {Electrochemical capture and release of carbon dioxide},
author = {Rheinhardt, Joseph H. and Singh, Poonam and Tarakeshwar, Pilarisetty and Buttry, Daniel A.},
abstractNote = {Understanding the chemistry of carbon dioxide is key to affecting changes in atmospheric concentrations. One area of intense interest is CO2 capture in chemically reversible cycles relevant to carbon capture technologies. Most CO2 capture methods involve thermal cycles in which a nucleophilic agent captures CO2 from impure gas streams (e.g., flue gas), followed by a thermal process in which pure CO2 is released. Several reviews have detailed progress in these approaches. A less explored strategy uses electrochemical cycles to capture CO2 and release it in pure form. These cycles typically rely on electrochemical generation of nucleophiles that attack CO2 at the electrophilic carbon atom, forming a CO2 adduct. Then, CO2 is released in pure form via a subsequent electrochemical step. In this Perspective, we describe electrochemical cycles for CO2 capture and release, emphasizing electrogenerated nucleophiles. As a result, we also discuss some advantages and disadvantages inherent in this general approach.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00608},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 18 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Jan 18 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00608

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