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Title: Used fuel disposition in crystalline rocks

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Office of Fuel Cycle Technology established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) in fiscal year 2010 (FY10) to conduct the research and development (R&D) activities related to storage, transportation and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high level nuclear waste. The objective of the Crystalline Disposal R&D Work Package is to advance our understanding of long-term disposal of used fuel in crystalline rocks and to develop necessary experimental and computational capabilities to evaluate various disposal concepts in such media.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6] more »;  [6] « less
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5)
OSTI Identifier:
1341731
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-9297R
650149; TRN: US1701850
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; NUCLEAR FUELS; IGNEOUS ROCKS; METAMORPHIC ROCKS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; FUEL CYCLE; STORAGE

Citation Formats

Wang, Y., Hadgu, Teklu, Kalinina, Elena Arkadievna, Jerden, James L., Copple, Jacqueline M., Cruse, T., Ebert, W., Buck, E., Eittman, R., Tinnacher, R., Tournassat, Christophe., Davis, J., Viswanathan, H., Chu, S., Dittrich, T., Hyman, F., Karra, S., Makedonska, N., Reimus, P., Zavarin, Mavrik, and Joseph, C. Used fuel disposition in crystalline rocks. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1341731.
Wang, Y., Hadgu, Teklu, Kalinina, Elena Arkadievna, Jerden, James L., Copple, Jacqueline M., Cruse, T., Ebert, W., Buck, E., Eittman, R., Tinnacher, R., Tournassat, Christophe., Davis, J., Viswanathan, H., Chu, S., Dittrich, T., Hyman, F., Karra, S., Makedonska, N., Reimus, P., Zavarin, Mavrik, & Joseph, C. Used fuel disposition in crystalline rocks. United States. doi:10.2172/1341731.
Wang, Y., Hadgu, Teklu, Kalinina, Elena Arkadievna, Jerden, James L., Copple, Jacqueline M., Cruse, T., Ebert, W., Buck, E., Eittman, R., Tinnacher, R., Tournassat, Christophe., Davis, J., Viswanathan, H., Chu, S., Dittrich, T., Hyman, F., Karra, S., Makedonska, N., Reimus, P., Zavarin, Mavrik, and Joseph, C. Thu . "Used fuel disposition in crystalline rocks". United States. doi:10.2172/1341731. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341731.
@article{osti_1341731,
title = {Used fuel disposition in crystalline rocks},
author = {Wang, Y. and Hadgu, Teklu and Kalinina, Elena Arkadievna and Jerden, James L. and Copple, Jacqueline M. and Cruse, T. and Ebert, W. and Buck, E. and Eittman, R. and Tinnacher, R. and Tournassat, Christophe. and Davis, J. and Viswanathan, H. and Chu, S. and Dittrich, T. and Hyman, F. and Karra, S. and Makedonska, N. and Reimus, P. and Zavarin, Mavrik and Joseph, C.},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Office of Fuel Cycle Technology established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) in fiscal year 2010 (FY10) to conduct the research and development (R&D) activities related to storage, transportation and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high level nuclear waste. The objective of the Crystalline Disposal R&D Work Package is to advance our understanding of long-term disposal of used fuel in crystalline rocks and to develop necessary experimental and computational capabilities to evaluate various disposal concepts in such media.},
doi = {10.2172/1341731},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Active participation in international R&D is crucial for achieving the UFD long-term goals of conducting “experiments to fill data needs and confirm advanced modeling approaches” (by 2015) and of having a “robust modeling and experimental basis for evaluation of multiple disposal system options” (by 2020). DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and its Office of Used Fuel Disposition Research and Development (UFD) have developed a strategic plan to advance cooperation with international partners. The international collaboration on the evaluation of crystalline disposal media at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in FY16 focused on the following four activities: (1) thermal-hydrologic-mechanical-chemical modeling singlemore » fracture evolution; (2) simulations of flow and transport in Bedrichov Tunnel, Czech Republic, (3) completion of streaming potential testing at Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), and (4) technical data exchange with KAERI on thermal-hydrologic-mechanical (THM) properties and specifications of bentonite buffer materials. The first two activities are part of the Development of Coupled Models and their Validation against Experiments (DECOVALEX-2015) project.« less
  • The objective of the Crystalline Disposal R&D Work Package is to advance our understanding of long-term disposal of used fuel in crystalline rocks and to develop necessary experimental and computational capabilities to evaluate various disposal concepts in such media. FY16 continued to be a successful year in both experimental and modeling arenas in evaluation of used fuel disposal in crystalline rocks. The work covers a wide range of research topics identified in the R&D plan.
  • The objective of the Crystalline Disposal R&D Work Package is to advance our understanding of long-term disposal of used fuel in crystalline rocks and to develop necessary experimental and computational capabilities to evaluate various disposal concepts in such media. Chapter headings are as follows: Fuel matrix degradation model and its integration with performance assessments, Investigation of thermal effects on the chemical behavior of clays, Investigation of uranium diffusion and retardation in bentonite, Long-term diffusion of U(VI) in bentonite: dependence on density, Sorption and desorption of plutonium by bentonite, Dissolution of plutonium intrinsic colloids in the presence of clay and asmore » a function of temperature, Laboratory investigation of colloid-facilitated transport of cesium by bentonite colloids in a crystalline rock system, Development and demonstration of discrete fracture network model, Fracture continuum model and its comparison with discrete fracture network model.« less