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Title: International Outdoor Experiments and Models for Outdoor Radiological Dispersal Devices

Abstract

With the advent of nuclear reactors and the technology to produce radioactive materials in large quantities, concern arose about the use of radioactivity as a poison in warfare, and hence, consideration was given to defensive measures (Smyth 1945). Approximately forty years later, the interest in the environmental- and health effects caused by a deliberate dispersal was renewed, but this time, from the perspective of a malevolent act of radiological terrorism in an urban area. For many years there has been international collaboration in scientific research to understand the range of effects that might result from a device that could be constructed by a sub-national group. In this paper, scientists from government laboratories in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States collectively have conducted a myriad of experiments to understand and detail the phenomenology of an explosive radiological dispersal device.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1341521
Report Number(s):
BNL-112024-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9078; R&D Project: 10999
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Health Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 110; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9078
Publisher:
Health Physics Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; Radiological; dispersal; RDD

Citation Formats

Blumenthal, Daniel J., and Musolino, Stephen V. International Outdoor Experiments and Models for Outdoor Radiological Dispersal Devices. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000507.
Blumenthal, Daniel J., & Musolino, Stephen V. International Outdoor Experiments and Models for Outdoor Radiological Dispersal Devices. United States. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000507.
Blumenthal, Daniel J., and Musolino, Stephen V. Sun . "International Outdoor Experiments and Models for Outdoor Radiological Dispersal Devices". United States. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000507. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341521.
@article{osti_1341521,
title = {International Outdoor Experiments and Models for Outdoor Radiological Dispersal Devices},
author = {Blumenthal, Daniel J. and Musolino, Stephen V.},
abstractNote = {With the advent of nuclear reactors and the technology to produce radioactive materials in large quantities, concern arose about the use of radioactivity as a poison in warfare, and hence, consideration was given to defensive measures (Smyth 1945). Approximately forty years later, the interest in the environmental- and health effects caused by a deliberate dispersal was renewed, but this time, from the perspective of a malevolent act of radiological terrorism in an urban area. For many years there has been international collaboration in scientific research to understand the range of effects that might result from a device that could be constructed by a sub-national group. In this paper, scientists from government laboratories in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States collectively have conducted a myriad of experiments to understand and detail the phenomenology of an explosive radiological dispersal device.},
doi = {10.1097/HP.0000000000000507},
journal = {Health Physics},
issn = {0017-9078},
number = 5,
volume = 110,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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