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Title: Controlled surface segregation leads to efficient coke-resistant nickel/platinum bimetallic catalysts for the dry reforming of methane

Abstract

Surface composition and structure are of vital importance for heterogeneous catalysts, especially for bimetallic catalysts, which often vary as a function of reaction conditions (known as surface segregation). The preparation of bimetallic catalysts with controlled metal surface composition and structure is very challenging. In this study, we synthesize a series of Ni/Pt bimetallic catalysts with controlled metal surface composition and structure using a method derived from surface organometallic chemistry. The evolution of the surface composition and structure of the obtained bimetallic catalysts under simulated reaction conditions is investigated by various techniques, which include CO-probe IR spectroscopy, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis, X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis, XRD, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It is demonstrated that the structure of the bimetallic catalyst is evolved from Pt monolayer island-modified Ni nanoparticles to core–shell bimetallic nanoparticles composed of a Ni-rich core and a Ni/Pt alloy shell upon thermal treatment. As a result, these catalysts are active for the dry reforming of methane, and their catalytic activities, stabilities, and carbon formation vary with their surface composition and structure.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. King Abdullah Univ. of Science & Technology, Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)
  2. Saudi Basic Industries Corp., Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1341500
Report Number(s):
BNL-108274-2015-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1867-3880; R&D Project: LS001
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemCatChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-3880
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; EXAFS spectroscopy; nanoparticles; nickel; platinum; supported catalysts

Citation Formats

Li, Lidong, Zhou, Lu, Ould-Chikh, Samy, Anjum, Dalaver H., Kanoun, Mohammed B., Scaranto, Jessica, Hedhili, Mohamed N., Khalid, Syed, Laveille, Paco V., D'Souza, Lawrence, Clo, Alain, and Basset, Jean -Marie. Controlled surface segregation leads to efficient coke-resistant nickel/platinum bimetallic catalysts for the dry reforming of methane. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/cctc.201402965.
Li, Lidong, Zhou, Lu, Ould-Chikh, Samy, Anjum, Dalaver H., Kanoun, Mohammed B., Scaranto, Jessica, Hedhili, Mohamed N., Khalid, Syed, Laveille, Paco V., D'Souza, Lawrence, Clo, Alain, & Basset, Jean -Marie. Controlled surface segregation leads to efficient coke-resistant nickel/platinum bimetallic catalysts for the dry reforming of methane. United States. doi:10.1002/cctc.201402965.
Li, Lidong, Zhou, Lu, Ould-Chikh, Samy, Anjum, Dalaver H., Kanoun, Mohammed B., Scaranto, Jessica, Hedhili, Mohamed N., Khalid, Syed, Laveille, Paco V., D'Souza, Lawrence, Clo, Alain, and Basset, Jean -Marie. Tue . "Controlled surface segregation leads to efficient coke-resistant nickel/platinum bimetallic catalysts for the dry reforming of methane". United States. doi:10.1002/cctc.201402965. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341500.
@article{osti_1341500,
title = {Controlled surface segregation leads to efficient coke-resistant nickel/platinum bimetallic catalysts for the dry reforming of methane},
author = {Li, Lidong and Zhou, Lu and Ould-Chikh, Samy and Anjum, Dalaver H. and Kanoun, Mohammed B. and Scaranto, Jessica and Hedhili, Mohamed N. and Khalid, Syed and Laveille, Paco V. and D'Souza, Lawrence and Clo, Alain and Basset, Jean -Marie},
abstractNote = {Surface composition and structure are of vital importance for heterogeneous catalysts, especially for bimetallic catalysts, which often vary as a function of reaction conditions (known as surface segregation). The preparation of bimetallic catalysts with controlled metal surface composition and structure is very challenging. In this study, we synthesize a series of Ni/Pt bimetallic catalysts with controlled metal surface composition and structure using a method derived from surface organometallic chemistry. The evolution of the surface composition and structure of the obtained bimetallic catalysts under simulated reaction conditions is investigated by various techniques, which include CO-probe IR spectroscopy, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis, X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis, XRD, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It is demonstrated that the structure of the bimetallic catalyst is evolved from Pt monolayer island-modified Ni nanoparticles to core–shell bimetallic nanoparticles composed of a Ni-rich core and a Ni/Pt alloy shell upon thermal treatment. As a result, these catalysts are active for the dry reforming of methane, and their catalytic activities, stabilities, and carbon formation vary with their surface composition and structure.},
doi = {10.1002/cctc.201402965},
journal = {ChemCatChem},
number = 5,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Feb 03 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Tue Feb 03 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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