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Title: Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions

Abstract

Aerosols of biological origin play a vital role in the Earth system, particularly in the in-teractions between atmosphere, biosphere, climate, and public health. Airborne bacteria, fungal spores, pollen, and other bioparticles are essential for the reproduction and spread of organisms across various ecosystems, and they can cause or enhance human, animal, and plant diseases. Moreover, they can serve as nuclei for cloud droplets, ice crystals, and precipitation, thus influencing the hydrological cycle and climate. The actual formation, abundance, composition, and effects of biological aerosols and the atmospheric microbi-ome are, however, not yet well characterized and constitute a large gap in the scientific understanding of the interaction and co-evolution of life and climate in the Earth system. This review presents an overview of the state of bioaerosol research and highlights recent advances in terms of bioaerosol identification, characterization, transport, and transfor-mation processes, as well as their interactions with climate, health, and ecosystems, focus-ing on the role bioaerosols play in the Earth system.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1340783
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-118665
Journal ID: ISSN 0169-8095; KP1602020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 182; Journal ID: ISSN 0169-8095
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Janine, Kampf, Christopher J., Weber, Bettina, Huffman, J. Alex, Pöhlker, Christopher, Andreae, Meinrat O., Lang-Yona, Naama, Burrows, Susannah M., Gunthe, Sachin S., Elbert, Wolfgang, Su, Hang, Hoor, Peter, Thines, Eckhard, Hoffmann, Thorsten, Després, Viviane R., and Pöschl, Ulrich. Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.018.
Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Janine, Kampf, Christopher J., Weber, Bettina, Huffman, J. Alex, Pöhlker, Christopher, Andreae, Meinrat O., Lang-Yona, Naama, Burrows, Susannah M., Gunthe, Sachin S., Elbert, Wolfgang, Su, Hang, Hoor, Peter, Thines, Eckhard, Hoffmann, Thorsten, Després, Viviane R., & Pöschl, Ulrich. Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions. United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.018.
Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Janine, Kampf, Christopher J., Weber, Bettina, Huffman, J. Alex, Pöhlker, Christopher, Andreae, Meinrat O., Lang-Yona, Naama, Burrows, Susannah M., Gunthe, Sachin S., Elbert, Wolfgang, Su, Hang, Hoor, Peter, Thines, Eckhard, Hoffmann, Thorsten, Després, Viviane R., and Pöschl, Ulrich. Thu . "Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions". United States. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.018.
@article{osti_1340783,
title = {Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions},
author = {Fröhlich-Nowoisky, Janine and Kampf, Christopher J. and Weber, Bettina and Huffman, J. Alex and Pöhlker, Christopher and Andreae, Meinrat O. and Lang-Yona, Naama and Burrows, Susannah M. and Gunthe, Sachin S. and Elbert, Wolfgang and Su, Hang and Hoor, Peter and Thines, Eckhard and Hoffmann, Thorsten and Després, Viviane R. and Pöschl, Ulrich},
abstractNote = {Aerosols of biological origin play a vital role in the Earth system, particularly in the in-teractions between atmosphere, biosphere, climate, and public health. Airborne bacteria, fungal spores, pollen, and other bioparticles are essential for the reproduction and spread of organisms across various ecosystems, and they can cause or enhance human, animal, and plant diseases. Moreover, they can serve as nuclei for cloud droplets, ice crystals, and precipitation, thus influencing the hydrological cycle and climate. The actual formation, abundance, composition, and effects of biological aerosols and the atmospheric microbi-ome are, however, not yet well characterized and constitute a large gap in the scientific understanding of the interaction and co-evolution of life and climate in the Earth system. This review presents an overview of the state of bioaerosol research and highlights recent advances in terms of bioaerosol identification, characterization, transport, and transfor-mation processes, as well as their interactions with climate, health, and ecosystems, focus-ing on the role bioaerosols play in the Earth system.},
doi = {10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.018},
journal = {Atmospheric Research},
issn = {0169-8095},
number = ,
volume = 182,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}