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Title: Lithium-oxygen batteries incorporating lithium superoxide

Abstract

A composition includes LiO.sub.2, reduced graphene oxide, and a metal catalyst or residue thereof.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1340533
Patent Number(s):
9,553,316
Application Number:
14/667,524
Assignee:
UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC (Chicago, IL) ANL
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2015 Mar 24
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Lu, Jun, Amine, Khalil, Curtiss, Larry A., Lau, Chun Kah, Sun, Yang-Kook, Lee, Yun Jung, and Luo, Xiangyi. Lithium-oxygen batteries incorporating lithium superoxide. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Lu, Jun, Amine, Khalil, Curtiss, Larry A., Lau, Chun Kah, Sun, Yang-Kook, Lee, Yun Jung, & Luo, Xiangyi. Lithium-oxygen batteries incorporating lithium superoxide. United States.
Lu, Jun, Amine, Khalil, Curtiss, Larry A., Lau, Chun Kah, Sun, Yang-Kook, Lee, Yun Jung, and Luo, Xiangyi. Tue . "Lithium-oxygen batteries incorporating lithium superoxide". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1340533.
@article{osti_1340533,
title = {Lithium-oxygen batteries incorporating lithium superoxide},
author = {Lu, Jun and Amine, Khalil and Curtiss, Larry A. and Lau, Chun Kah and Sun, Yang-Kook and Lee, Yun Jung and Luo, Xiangyi},
abstractNote = {A composition includes LiO.sub.2, reduced graphene oxide, and a metal catalyst or residue thereof.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 24 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Tue Jan 24 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Patent:

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  • This disclosure relates generally to cathode materials for electrochemical energy cells, more particularly to metal/air electrochemical energy cell cathode materials containing silver vanadium oxide and methods of making and using the same. The metal/air electrochemical energy cell can be a lithium/air electrochemical energy cell. Moreover the silver vanadium oxide can be a catalyst for one or more of oxidation and reduction processes of the electrochemical energy cell.
  • A laminar battery is described having a substantially flat, thin metal case containing an active laminar anode element and a pair of laminar porous cathode elements oppositely disposed with respect to the anode so that the inner laminar surfaces of the porous cathode elements are disposed adjacent opposite laminar surfaces of the anode element. The outer laminar surfaces of the cathode elements are disposed adjacent the inner sides of the flat metal case, and porous separator means are interposed between the adjacent anode and porous cathode laminar surfaces, all of the elements being adapted and arranged into a laminar structuremore » within the flat metal case. Liquid cathode-electrolyte means are disposed in the metal case and in contact with the elements. Electrically conductive means, insulated from the case, contact the anode element and extend exteriorly of the case.« less
  • One of the primary problems that has limited development of rechargeable batteries has been the formation of dendrite lithium on the negative electrode. The general object of this invention is to provide a separator between the cathode and anode in lithium secondary or primary batteries that will eliminate internal shorting. A more-specific object is to provide a separator material that will react with any lithium dendrite that could penetrate the separator thus preventing an internal short circuit of the battery. Polymers that can be electrodeposited, such as poly-3 methylthiophene can be used by first sputtering a thin layer of polymermore » on the metallized surface.« less
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  • A multilayer separator is described for preventing the internal shorting of lithium batteries, the multilayer separator including porous membranes and an electroactive polymeric material contained within the separator layers wherein the polymer is one that will react with any lithium dendrites that could penetrate the separator thus preventing an internal short circuit of the cell.