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Title: Ordering pathway of block copolymers under dynamic thermal gradients studied by in situ GISAXS

Abstract

Dynamic thermal gradient-based processes for directed self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) thin films such as cold zone annealing (CZA) have demonstrated much potential for rapidly fabricating highly ordered patterns of BCP domains with facile orientation control. As a demonstration, hexagonally packed predominantly vertical cylindrical morphology, technologically relevant for applications such as membranes and lithography, was achieved in 1 μm thick cylinder-forming PS- b-PMMA (cBCP) films by applying sharp thermal gradients (CZA-Sharp) at optimum sample sweep rates. A thorough understanding of the molecular level mechanisms and pathways of the BCP ordering that occur during this CZA-S process is presented, useful to fully exploit the potential of CZA-S for large-scale BCP-based device fabrication. To that end, we developed a customized CZA-S assembly to probe the dynamic structure evolution and ordering of the PS- b-PMMA cBCP film in situ as it undergoes the CZA-S process using the grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) technique. Four distinct regimes of BCP ordering were observed within the gradient that include microphase separation from an “as cast” unordered state (Regime I), evolution of vertical cylinders under a thermally imposed strain gradient (Regime II), reorientation of a fraction of cylinders due to preferential substrate interactions (Regime III), andmore » finally grain-coarsening on the cooling edge (Regime IV). The ordering pathway in the different regimes is further described within the framework of an energy landscape. A novel aspect of this study is the identification of a grain-coarsening regime on the cooling edge of the gradient, previously obscure in zone annealing studies of BCPs. In conclusion, such insights into the development of highly ordered BCP nanostructures under template-free thermal gradient fields can potentially have important ramifications in the field of BCP-directed self-assembly and self-assembling polymer systems more broadly.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Akron, Akron, OH (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Univ. of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1337643
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1339647
Report Number(s):
BNL-113293-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0024-9297; KC0403020
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Macromolecules
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0024-9297
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; block copolymer; self-assembly; GISAXS; cold zone annealing; Center for Functional Nanomaterials; in-situ; orientation correlation length; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Samant, Saumil, Strzalka, Joseph, Yager, Kevin G., Kisslinger, Kim, Grolman, Danielle, Basutkar, Monali, Salunke, Namrata, Singh, Gurpreet, Berry, Brian, and Karim, Alamgir. Ordering pathway of block copolymers under dynamic thermal gradients studied by in situ GISAXS. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01555.
Samant, Saumil, Strzalka, Joseph, Yager, Kevin G., Kisslinger, Kim, Grolman, Danielle, Basutkar, Monali, Salunke, Namrata, Singh, Gurpreet, Berry, Brian, & Karim, Alamgir. Ordering pathway of block copolymers under dynamic thermal gradients studied by in situ GISAXS. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01555
Samant, Saumil, Strzalka, Joseph, Yager, Kevin G., Kisslinger, Kim, Grolman, Danielle, Basutkar, Monali, Salunke, Namrata, Singh, Gurpreet, Berry, Brian, and Karim, Alamgir. Mon . "Ordering pathway of block copolymers under dynamic thermal gradients studied by in situ GISAXS". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01555. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1337643.
@article{osti_1337643,
title = {Ordering pathway of block copolymers under dynamic thermal gradients studied by in situ GISAXS},
author = {Samant, Saumil and Strzalka, Joseph and Yager, Kevin G. and Kisslinger, Kim and Grolman, Danielle and Basutkar, Monali and Salunke, Namrata and Singh, Gurpreet and Berry, Brian and Karim, Alamgir},
abstractNote = {Dynamic thermal gradient-based processes for directed self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) thin films such as cold zone annealing (CZA) have demonstrated much potential for rapidly fabricating highly ordered patterns of BCP domains with facile orientation control. As a demonstration, hexagonally packed predominantly vertical cylindrical morphology, technologically relevant for applications such as membranes and lithography, was achieved in 1 μm thick cylinder-forming PS-b-PMMA (cBCP) films by applying sharp thermal gradients (CZA-Sharp) at optimum sample sweep rates. A thorough understanding of the molecular level mechanisms and pathways of the BCP ordering that occur during this CZA-S process is presented, useful to fully exploit the potential of CZA-S for large-scale BCP-based device fabrication. To that end, we developed a customized CZA-S assembly to probe the dynamic structure evolution and ordering of the PS-b-PMMA cBCP film in situ as it undergoes the CZA-S process using the grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) technique. Four distinct regimes of BCP ordering were observed within the gradient that include microphase separation from an “as cast” unordered state (Regime I), evolution of vertical cylinders under a thermally imposed strain gradient (Regime II), reorientation of a fraction of cylinders due to preferential substrate interactions (Regime III), and finally grain-coarsening on the cooling edge (Regime IV). The ordering pathway in the different regimes is further described within the framework of an energy landscape. A novel aspect of this study is the identification of a grain-coarsening regime on the cooling edge of the gradient, previously obscure in zone annealing studies of BCPs. In conclusion, such insights into the development of highly ordered BCP nanostructures under template-free thermal gradient fields can potentially have important ramifications in the field of BCP-directed self-assembly and self-assembling polymer systems more broadly.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01555},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1337643}, journal = {Macromolecules},
issn = {0024-9297},
number = 22,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Micellar‐Mediated Block Copolymer Ordering Dynamics Revealed by In Situ Grazing Incidence Small‐Angle X‐Ray Scattering during Spin Coating
journal, March 2019


Evolution of Microstructure in Block Copolymer Thin Films during Zone Annealing
journal, November 2018