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Title: Preparation of NO 2-Aged Silver-Functionalized Silica-Aerogel and Silver Mordenite Samples

Abstract

Reprocessing used nuclear fuel can result in the volatilization of radioactive gaseous species, including 129I, into the various process off-gas streams. In order to comply with US regulatory requirements, plant off-gas streams must be treated to remove the iodine prior to discharging the off-gas into the environment. The performance of available gas removal methods depends not only on the concentration of the volatile radioisotope of interest, but also on other constituents that could be present in the reprocessing off-gas streams. Some of the constituents, such as NOx produced during fuel dissolution, are known to have deleterious effects on the capture performance of silver-based sorbents used for iodine removal. Commercially available reduced silver mordenite (AgZ) has an iodine saturation concentration of 7.0-9.0 wt%, and its iodine sorption capacity is reduced by 20-50% as a result of NO2 aging. Silverfunctionalized silica aerogel (AgAerogel), an alternative for iodine capture, has an initial iodine saturation of 29.0 wt% and its iodine capacity is only reduced by 15% from NO2 aging. Understanding the differences in aging behavior between AgZ and AgAerogel is critical to determining the behavior of these sorbents under realistic off-gas conditions. To assist in future technical studies on this topic, samples ofmore » both AgZ and AgAerogel were aged with NO2. In the experiment, 10.2190 g of AgZ and 10.1771 g of AgAerogel were exposed to a static 0.75% NO 2/dry air blend for a period of 28 days. The samples were then removed and stored under argon until needed for future experiments.=« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1337502
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-2016/546
AF5805010; NEAF327
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Jordan, Jacob A., and Bruffey, Stephanie H. Preparation of NO2-Aged Silver-Functionalized Silica-Aerogel and Silver Mordenite Samples. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1337502.
Jordan, Jacob A., & Bruffey, Stephanie H. Preparation of NO2-Aged Silver-Functionalized Silica-Aerogel and Silver Mordenite Samples. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1337502
Jordan, Jacob A., and Bruffey, Stephanie H. Sat . "Preparation of NO2-Aged Silver-Functionalized Silica-Aerogel and Silver Mordenite Samples". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1337502. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1337502.
@article{osti_1337502,
title = {Preparation of NO2-Aged Silver-Functionalized Silica-Aerogel and Silver Mordenite Samples},
author = {Jordan, Jacob A. and Bruffey, Stephanie H.},
abstractNote = {Reprocessing used nuclear fuel can result in the volatilization of radioactive gaseous species, including 129I, into the various process off-gas streams. In order to comply with US regulatory requirements, plant off-gas streams must be treated to remove the iodine prior to discharging the off-gas into the environment. The performance of available gas removal methods depends not only on the concentration of the volatile radioisotope of interest, but also on other constituents that could be present in the reprocessing off-gas streams. Some of the constituents, such as NOx produced during fuel dissolution, are known to have deleterious effects on the capture performance of silver-based sorbents used for iodine removal. Commercially available reduced silver mordenite (AgZ) has an iodine saturation concentration of 7.0-9.0 wt%, and its iodine sorption capacity is reduced by 20-50% as a result of NO2 aging. Silverfunctionalized silica aerogel (AgAerogel), an alternative for iodine capture, has an initial iodine saturation of 29.0 wt% and its iodine capacity is only reduced by 15% from NO2 aging. Understanding the differences in aging behavior between AgZ and AgAerogel is critical to determining the behavior of these sorbents under realistic off-gas conditions. To assist in future technical studies on this topic, samples of both AgZ and AgAerogel were aged with NO2. In the experiment, 10.2190 g of AgZ and 10.1771 g of AgAerogel were exposed to a static 0.75% NO2/dry air blend for a period of 28 days. The samples were then removed and stored under argon until needed for future experiments.=},
doi = {10.2172/1337502},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1337502}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}