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Title: Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics

Abstract

Organic liquid scintillators are used in many neutrino physics experiments of the past and present. In particular for low energy neutrinos when realtime and energy information are required, liquid scintillators have several advantages compared to other technologies. In many cases the organic liquid needs to be loaded with metal to enhance the neutrino signal over background events. Several metal loaded scintillators of the past suffered from chemical and optical instabilities, limiting the performance of these neutrino detectors. Different ways of metal loading are described in the article with a focus on recent techniques providing metal loaded scintillators that can be used under stable conditions for many years even in ton scale experiments. Lastly, we review applications of metal loaded scintillators in neutrino experiments and compare the performance as well as the prospects of different scintillator types.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Max Planck Inst. fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1336174
Report Number(s):
BNL-113165-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899; R&D Project: CO001; KB0401022
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; liquid scintillators; neutrinos; large scale detectors

Citation Formats

Buck, Christian, and Yeh, Minfang. Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/9/093001.
Buck, Christian, & Yeh, Minfang. Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics. United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/9/093001.
Buck, Christian, and Yeh, Minfang. Wed . "Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics". United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/9/093001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1336174.
@article{osti_1336174,
title = {Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics},
author = {Buck, Christian and Yeh, Minfang},
abstractNote = {Organic liquid scintillators are used in many neutrino physics experiments of the past and present. In particular for low energy neutrinos when realtime and energy information are required, liquid scintillators have several advantages compared to other technologies. In many cases the organic liquid needs to be loaded with metal to enhance the neutrino signal over background events. Several metal loaded scintillators of the past suffered from chemical and optical instabilities, limiting the performance of these neutrino detectors. Different ways of metal loading are described in the article with a focus on recent techniques providing metal loaded scintillators that can be used under stable conditions for many years even in ton scale experiments. Lastly, we review applications of metal loaded scintillators in neutrino experiments and compare the performance as well as the prospects of different scintillator types.},
doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/43/9/093001},
journal = {Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics},
number = 9,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 03 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Aug 03 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 4 works
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