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Title: Bridging Theory with Practice: An Exploratory Study of Visualization Use and Design for Climate Model Comparison

Abstract

Evaluation methodologies in visualization have mostly focused on how well the tools and techniques cater to the analytical needs of the user. While this is important in determining the effectiveness of the tools and advancing the state-of-the-art in visualization research, a key area that has mostly been overlooked is how well established visualization theories and principles are instantiated in practice. This is especially relevant when domain experts, and not visualization researchers, design visualizations for analysis of their data or for broader dissemination of scientific knowledge. There is very little research on exploring the synergistic capabilities of cross-domain collaboration between domain experts and visualization researchers. To fill this gap, in this paper we describe the results of an exploratory study of climate data visualizations conducted in tight collaboration with a pool of climate scientists. The study analyzes a large set of static climate data visualizations for identifying their shortcomings in terms of visualization design. The outcome of the study is a classification scheme that categorizes the design problems in the form of a descriptive taxonomy. The taxonomy is a first attempt for systematically categorizing the types, causes, and consequences of design problems in visualizations created by domain experts. We demonstrate themore » use of the taxonomy for a number of purposes, such as, improving the existing climate data visualizations, reflecting on the impact of the problems for enabling domain experts in designing better visualizations, and also learning about the gaps and opportunities for future visualization research. We demonstrate the applicability of our taxonomy through a number of examples and discuss the lessons learnt and implications of our findings.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. New York Univ. (NYU), NY (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1335321
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1077-2626
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Visualization; design principles; climate model; taxonomy; INFORMATION VISUALIZATION; WHITEBOARDS

Citation Formats

Dasgupta, Aritra, Poco, Jorge, Wei, Yaxing, Cook, Robert B., Bertini, Enrico, and Silva, Claudio. Bridging Theory with Practice: An Exploratory Study of Visualization Use and Design for Climate Model Comparison. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2015.2413774.
Dasgupta, Aritra, Poco, Jorge, Wei, Yaxing, Cook, Robert B., Bertini, Enrico, & Silva, Claudio. Bridging Theory with Practice: An Exploratory Study of Visualization Use and Design for Climate Model Comparison. United States. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2015.2413774.
Dasgupta, Aritra, Poco, Jorge, Wei, Yaxing, Cook, Robert B., Bertini, Enrico, and Silva, Claudio. Mon . "Bridging Theory with Practice: An Exploratory Study of Visualization Use and Design for Climate Model Comparison". United States. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2015.2413774. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1335321.
@article{osti_1335321,
title = {Bridging Theory with Practice: An Exploratory Study of Visualization Use and Design for Climate Model Comparison},
author = {Dasgupta, Aritra and Poco, Jorge and Wei, Yaxing and Cook, Robert B. and Bertini, Enrico and Silva, Claudio},
abstractNote = {Evaluation methodologies in visualization have mostly focused on how well the tools and techniques cater to the analytical needs of the user. While this is important in determining the effectiveness of the tools and advancing the state-of-the-art in visualization research, a key area that has mostly been overlooked is how well established visualization theories and principles are instantiated in practice. This is especially relevant when domain experts, and not visualization researchers, design visualizations for analysis of their data or for broader dissemination of scientific knowledge. There is very little research on exploring the synergistic capabilities of cross-domain collaboration between domain experts and visualization researchers. To fill this gap, in this paper we describe the results of an exploratory study of climate data visualizations conducted in tight collaboration with a pool of climate scientists. The study analyzes a large set of static climate data visualizations for identifying their shortcomings in terms of visualization design. The outcome of the study is a classification scheme that categorizes the design problems in the form of a descriptive taxonomy. The taxonomy is a first attempt for systematically categorizing the types, causes, and consequences of design problems in visualizations created by domain experts. We demonstrate the use of the taxonomy for a number of purposes, such as, improving the existing climate data visualizations, reflecting on the impact of the problems for enabling domain experts in designing better visualizations, and also learning about the gaps and opportunities for future visualization research. We demonstrate the applicability of our taxonomy through a number of examples and discuss the lessons learnt and implications of our findings.},
doi = {10.1109/TVCG.2015.2413774},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics},
number = 9,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 16 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Mon Mar 16 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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