skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Likelihood of a marine vessel accident from wind energy development in the Atlantic: Likelihood of shipping accident from wind energy in the Atlantic

Abstract

Offshore wind energy development is planned for areas off the Atlantic coast. Many of the planned wind development areas fall within traditional commercial vessel routes. In order to mitigate possible hazards to ships and to wind turbines, it is important to understand the potential for increased risk to commercial shipping from the presence of wind farms. Using Automatic Identification System (AIS) data, historical shipping routes between ports in the Atlantic were identified, from Maine to the Florida Straits. The AIS data were also used as inputs to a numerical model that can simulate cargo, tanker and tug/towing vessel movement along typical routes. The model was used to recreate present day vessel movement, as well as to simulate future routing that may be required to avoid wind farms. By comparing the present and future routing of vessels, a risk analysis was carried out to determine the increased marginal risk of vessel collisions, groundings, and allisions with stationary objects, due to the presence of wind farms. The outcome of the analysis showed little increase in vessel collisions or allisions, and a decrease in groundings as more vessels were forced seaward by the wind farms.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Coastal Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Seattle Washington USA
  2. Shelton International, Seattle Washington USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1333994
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-108588
Journal ID: ISSN 1095-4244; 400406000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Wind Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1095-4244
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
wind energy; vessel navigation; offshore wind farms; commercial shipping

Citation Formats

Copping, Andrea, Breithaupt, Stephen, Whiting, Jonathan, Grear, Molly, Tagestad, Jerry, and Shelton, Gregory. Likelihood of a marine vessel accident from wind energy development in the Atlantic: Likelihood of shipping accident from wind energy in the Atlantic. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/we.1935.
Copping, Andrea, Breithaupt, Stephen, Whiting, Jonathan, Grear, Molly, Tagestad, Jerry, & Shelton, Gregory. Likelihood of a marine vessel accident from wind energy development in the Atlantic: Likelihood of shipping accident from wind energy in the Atlantic. United States. doi:10.1002/we.1935.
Copping, Andrea, Breithaupt, Stephen, Whiting, Jonathan, Grear, Molly, Tagestad, Jerry, and Shelton, Gregory. Mon . "Likelihood of a marine vessel accident from wind energy development in the Atlantic: Likelihood of shipping accident from wind energy in the Atlantic". United States. doi:10.1002/we.1935.
@article{osti_1333994,
title = {Likelihood of a marine vessel accident from wind energy development in the Atlantic: Likelihood of shipping accident from wind energy in the Atlantic},
author = {Copping, Andrea and Breithaupt, Stephen and Whiting, Jonathan and Grear, Molly and Tagestad, Jerry and Shelton, Gregory},
abstractNote = {Offshore wind energy development is planned for areas off the Atlantic coast. Many of the planned wind development areas fall within traditional commercial vessel routes. In order to mitigate possible hazards to ships and to wind turbines, it is important to understand the potential for increased risk to commercial shipping from the presence of wind farms. Using Automatic Identification System (AIS) data, historical shipping routes between ports in the Atlantic were identified, from Maine to the Florida Straits. The AIS data were also used as inputs to a numerical model that can simulate cargo, tanker and tug/towing vessel movement along typical routes. The model was used to recreate present day vessel movement, as well as to simulate future routing that may be required to avoid wind farms. By comparing the present and future routing of vessels, a risk analysis was carried out to determine the increased marginal risk of vessel collisions, groundings, and allisions with stationary objects, due to the presence of wind farms. The outcome of the analysis showed little increase in vessel collisions or allisions, and a decrease in groundings as more vessels were forced seaward by the wind farms.},
doi = {10.1002/we.1935},
journal = {Wind Energy},
issn = {1095-4244},
number = 9,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}