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Title: Infrared spectroscopy investigation of Fe-promoted Rh catalysts supported on Titania and Ceria for CO hydrogenation

Abstract

The nature of the promotional effect of Fe addition to Rh/TiO 2 and Rh/CeO 2 catalysts for CO hydrogenation was investigated using FT-IR spectroscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum compatible transmission IR cell. CO adsorption experiments on Rh and FeRh showed vibrational signatures characteristic of linear and bridge bound CO on Rh0 as well as geminal-dicarbonyl species associated with Rh +. Compared to TiO 2, the CeO 2-supported catalysts show increased dispersion, reflected by decreased particle size, and a lower signal for linear versus geminal-dicarbonyl bonded CO. The absorption frequencies for CO on Rh/CeO 2 are also redshifted relative to Rh/TiO 2, which results from a weaker Rh–CO interaction, likely due to the increased reducibility of the CeO 2 support. Upon addition of Fe, a new spectral feature is observed and attributed to CO bound to Rh in close contact with Fe, likely as a surface alloy. CO hydrogenation on (Fe)Rh catalysts on both supports was also studied. Compared to bare Rh, Fe containing catalysts promote formate and methoxy species on the surface at lower temperature (180 °C), which suggests an enhancement in methanol selectivity by Fe addition. Furthermore, at higher temperatures (220 °C), the spectral features appear similar, further confirmingmore » the role of Fe as a disrupter of large Rh o crystallites and regulator of CO dissociation and CH 4 formation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1333205
Report Number(s):
BNL-113211-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1011-372X; R&D Project: CO007; KC0301050
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 146; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1011-372X
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; heterogeneous catalysis; infrared spectroscopy; CO hydrogenation; FeRh alloy; ethanol

Citation Formats

Magee, Joseph W., Palomino, Robert M., and White, Michael G.. Infrared spectroscopy investigation of Fe-promoted Rh catalysts supported on Titania and Ceria for CO hydrogenation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/s10562-016-1801-y.
Magee, Joseph W., Palomino, Robert M., & White, Michael G.. Infrared spectroscopy investigation of Fe-promoted Rh catalysts supported on Titania and Ceria for CO hydrogenation. United States. doi:10.1007/s10562-016-1801-y.
Magee, Joseph W., Palomino, Robert M., and White, Michael G.. Mon . "Infrared spectroscopy investigation of Fe-promoted Rh catalysts supported on Titania and Ceria for CO hydrogenation". United States. doi:10.1007/s10562-016-1801-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1333205.
@article{osti_1333205,
title = {Infrared spectroscopy investigation of Fe-promoted Rh catalysts supported on Titania and Ceria for CO hydrogenation},
author = {Magee, Joseph W. and Palomino, Robert M. and White, Michael G.},
abstractNote = {The nature of the promotional effect of Fe addition to Rh/TiO2 and Rh/CeO2 catalysts for CO hydrogenation was investigated using FT-IR spectroscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum compatible transmission IR cell. CO adsorption experiments on Rh and FeRh showed vibrational signatures characteristic of linear and bridge bound CO on Rh0 as well as geminal-dicarbonyl species associated with Rh+. Compared to TiO2, the CeO2-supported catalysts show increased dispersion, reflected by decreased particle size, and a lower signal for linear versus geminal-dicarbonyl bonded CO. The absorption frequencies for CO on Rh/CeO2 are also redshifted relative to Rh/TiO2, which results from a weaker Rh–CO interaction, likely due to the increased reducibility of the CeO2 support. Upon addition of Fe, a new spectral feature is observed and attributed to CO bound to Rh in close contact with Fe, likely as a surface alloy. CO hydrogenation on (Fe)Rh catalysts on both supports was also studied. Compared to bare Rh, Fe containing catalysts promote formate and methoxy species on the surface at lower temperature (180 °C), which suggests an enhancement in methanol selectivity by Fe addition. Furthermore, at higher temperatures (220 °C), the spectral features appear similar, further confirming the role of Fe as a disrupter of large Rho crystallites and regulator of CO dissociation and CH4 formation.},
doi = {10.1007/s10562-016-1801-y},
journal = {Catalysis Letters},
number = 9,
volume = 146,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Jul 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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Cited by: 4 works
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Works referenced in this record:

Mechanism of C2+ oxygenate synthesis on Rh catalysts
journal, March 2005

  • Chuang, Steven S. C.; Stevens, Robert W.; Khatri, Rajesh
  • Topics in Catalysis, Vol. 32, Issue 3-4, p. 225-232
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11244-005-2897-2