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Title: Ultra-thick, Low-Tortuosity, and Mesoporous Wood Carbon Anode for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted extensive interest in the past few years because of the low cost and abundance of sodium resources and hence the potential for grid scale energy storage. Developing low cost electrode materials, particularly anode materials, is the key for further promoting the application of SIBs. Here, we for the first time report a self-standing porous carbon anode directly from natural wood for SIBs, which processes following advantages: (i) ultra-thick carbon anode with a high areal capacity, for example a capacity of 13.6 mAh cm-2 was delivered when the thickness reached 0.85 mm; (ii) low tortuosity, where numerous inherited aligned channels in the wood carbon provide a rapid ion transport path; (iii) porous nature enables a fast ion transfer between the carbon electrode and the electrolyte; (iv) 100% utilization of the wood carbon that conductive additives, binders, and current-collectors are not needed; v) when coupling a Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode with the wood carbon anode, a high capacity of 80 mAh g-1 was obtained at 0.5 C rate (base on cathode) and excellent cycling stability of 300 cycles was also achieved, which demonstrated the promising performance of earth-abundant wood derived carbon material.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1332614
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-115345
Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6840; TE1400000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; SC0001160
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6840
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Dai, Jiaqi, Yao, Yonggang, Zhu, Mingwei, Hitz, Emily, Tang, Yuefeng, Chen, Yanfeng, Sprenkle, Vincent L., Li, Xiaolin, and Hu, Liangbing. Ultra-thick, Low-Tortuosity, and Mesoporous Wood Carbon Anode for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201600377.
Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Dai, Jiaqi, Yao, Yonggang, Zhu, Mingwei, Hitz, Emily, Tang, Yuefeng, Chen, Yanfeng, Sprenkle, Vincent L., Li, Xiaolin, & Hu, Liangbing. Ultra-thick, Low-Tortuosity, and Mesoporous Wood Carbon Anode for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201600377.
Shen, Fei, Luo, Wei, Dai, Jiaqi, Yao, Yonggang, Zhu, Mingwei, Hitz, Emily, Tang, Yuefeng, Chen, Yanfeng, Sprenkle, Vincent L., Li, Xiaolin, and Hu, Liangbing. Mon . "Ultra-thick, Low-Tortuosity, and Mesoporous Wood Carbon Anode for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201600377.
@article{osti_1332614,
title = {Ultra-thick, Low-Tortuosity, and Mesoporous Wood Carbon Anode for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Shen, Fei and Luo, Wei and Dai, Jiaqi and Yao, Yonggang and Zhu, Mingwei and Hitz, Emily and Tang, Yuefeng and Chen, Yanfeng and Sprenkle, Vincent L. and Li, Xiaolin and Hu, Liangbing},
abstractNote = {Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted extensive interest in the past few years because of the low cost and abundance of sodium resources and hence the potential for grid scale energy storage. Developing low cost electrode materials, particularly anode materials, is the key for further promoting the application of SIBs. Here, we for the first time report a self-standing porous carbon anode directly from natural wood for SIBs, which processes following advantages: (i) ultra-thick carbon anode with a high areal capacity, for example a capacity of 13.6 mAh cm-2 was delivered when the thickness reached 0.85 mm; (ii) low tortuosity, where numerous inherited aligned channels in the wood carbon provide a rapid ion transport path; (iii) porous nature enables a fast ion transfer between the carbon electrode and the electrolyte; (iv) 100% utilization of the wood carbon that conductive additives, binders, and current-collectors are not needed; v) when coupling a Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode with the wood carbon anode, a high capacity of 80 mAh g-1 was obtained at 0.5 C rate (base on cathode) and excellent cycling stability of 300 cycles was also achieved, which demonstrated the promising performance of earth-abundant wood derived carbon material.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201600377},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials (Online)},
issn = {1614-6840},
number = 14,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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