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Title: Unstable behavior of anodic arc discharge for synthesis of nanomaterials

Abstract

A short carbon arc operating with a high ablation rate of the graphite anode exhibits a combined motion of the arc and the arc attachment to the anode. A characteristic time scale of this motion is in a 10 -3 sec range. The arc exhibits a negative differential resistance before the arc motion occurs. Thermal processes in the arc plasma region interacting with the ablating anode are considered as possible causes of this unstable arc behavior. It is also hypothesized that the arc motion could potentially cause mixing of the various nanoparticles synthesized in the arc in the high ablation regime.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1332554
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 34; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; plasma instabilities; arc discharge; arc instabilities; atmospheric pressure arc; nano materials; nanotubes; arc synthesis

Citation Formats

Gershman, Sophia, and Raitses, Yevgeny. Unstable behavior of anodic arc discharge for synthesis of nanomaterials. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/34/345201.
Gershman, Sophia, & Raitses, Yevgeny. Unstable behavior of anodic arc discharge for synthesis of nanomaterials. United States. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/34/345201.
Gershman, Sophia, and Raitses, Yevgeny. 2016. "Unstable behavior of anodic arc discharge for synthesis of nanomaterials". United States. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/49/34/345201. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1332554.
@article{osti_1332554,
title = {Unstable behavior of anodic arc discharge for synthesis of nanomaterials},
author = {Gershman, Sophia and Raitses, Yevgeny},
abstractNote = {A short carbon arc operating with a high ablation rate of the graphite anode exhibits a combined motion of the arc and the arc attachment to the anode. A characteristic time scale of this motion is in a 10-3 sec range. The arc exhibits a negative differential resistance before the arc motion occurs. Thermal processes in the arc plasma region interacting with the ablating anode are considered as possible causes of this unstable arc behavior. It is also hypothesized that the arc motion could potentially cause mixing of the various nanoparticles synthesized in the arc in the high ablation regime.},
doi = {10.1088/0022-3727/49/34/345201},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 34,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3works
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