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Title: Hurricane Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study Final Report

Abstract

Hurricanes occur over much of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coasts, from Long Island to the U.S.-Mexico border, encompassing much of the nation's primary offshore wind resource. Category 5 hurricanes have made landfall as far north as North Carolina, with Category 3 hurricanes reaching New York with some frequency. Along the US West coast, typhoons strike with similar frequency and severity. At present, offshore wind turbine design practices do not fully consider the severe operating conditions imposed by hurricanes. Although universally applied to most turbine designs, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards do not sufficiently address the duration, directionality, magnitude, or character of hurricanes. To assess advanced design features that could mitigate hurricane loading in various ways, this Hurricane-Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study considered a concept design study of a 500-megawatt (MW) wind power plant consisting of 10-MW wind turbines deployed in 25-meter (m) water depths in the Western Gulf of Mexico. This location was selected because hurricane frequency and severity provided a unique set of design challenges that would enable assessment of hurricane risk and projection of cost of energy (COE) changes, all in response to specific U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) objectives. Notably, the concept study pursued a holisticmore » approach that incorporated multiple advanced system elements at the wind turbine and wind power plant levels to meet objectives for system performance and reduced COE. Principal turbine system elements included a 10-MW rotor with structurally efficient, low-solidity blades; a lightweight, permanent-magnet, direct-drive generator, and an innovative fixed substructure. At the wind power plant level, turbines were arrayed in a large-scale wind power plant in a manner aimed at balancing energy production against capital, installation, and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs to achieve significant overall reductions in COE.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [2]
  1. Keystone Engineering Inc., Vonore, TN (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Siemens Wind Power A/S, Brande (Denmark)
  4. Wetzel Engineering Inc., Round Rock, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W), Wind Program
OSTI Identifier:
1330932
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5000-66869
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; hurricane resilience; conceptual design; levelized cost of energy; offshore wind; survivability; NREL

Citation Formats

Dibra, Besart, Finucane, Zachary, Foley, Benjamin, Hall, Rudy, Damiani, Rick, Maples, Benjamin, Parker, Zachary, Robertson, Amy, Scott, George, Stehly, Tyler, Wendt, Fabian, Andersen, Mads Boel Overgaard, Standish, Kevin, Lee, Ken, Raina, Amool, Wetzel, Kyle, Musial, Walter, and Schreck, Scott. Hurricane Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study Final Report. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1330932.
Dibra, Besart, Finucane, Zachary, Foley, Benjamin, Hall, Rudy, Damiani, Rick, Maples, Benjamin, Parker, Zachary, Robertson, Amy, Scott, George, Stehly, Tyler, Wendt, Fabian, Andersen, Mads Boel Overgaard, Standish, Kevin, Lee, Ken, Raina, Amool, Wetzel, Kyle, Musial, Walter, & Schreck, Scott. Hurricane Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study Final Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1330932.
Dibra, Besart, Finucane, Zachary, Foley, Benjamin, Hall, Rudy, Damiani, Rick, Maples, Benjamin, Parker, Zachary, Robertson, Amy, Scott, George, Stehly, Tyler, Wendt, Fabian, Andersen, Mads Boel Overgaard, Standish, Kevin, Lee, Ken, Raina, Amool, Wetzel, Kyle, Musial, Walter, and Schreck, Scott. Sat . "Hurricane Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study Final Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1330932. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1330932.
@article{osti_1330932,
title = {Hurricane Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study Final Report},
author = {Dibra, Besart and Finucane, Zachary and Foley, Benjamin and Hall, Rudy and Damiani, Rick and Maples, Benjamin and Parker, Zachary and Robertson, Amy and Scott, George and Stehly, Tyler and Wendt, Fabian and Andersen, Mads Boel Overgaard and Standish, Kevin and Lee, Ken and Raina, Amool and Wetzel, Kyle and Musial, Walter and Schreck, Scott},
abstractNote = {Hurricanes occur over much of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coasts, from Long Island to the U.S.-Mexico border, encompassing much of the nation's primary offshore wind resource. Category 5 hurricanes have made landfall as far north as North Carolina, with Category 3 hurricanes reaching New York with some frequency. Along the US West coast, typhoons strike with similar frequency and severity. At present, offshore wind turbine design practices do not fully consider the severe operating conditions imposed by hurricanes. Although universally applied to most turbine designs, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards do not sufficiently address the duration, directionality, magnitude, or character of hurricanes. To assess advanced design features that could mitigate hurricane loading in various ways, this Hurricane-Resilient Wind Plant Concept Study considered a concept design study of a 500-megawatt (MW) wind power plant consisting of 10-MW wind turbines deployed in 25-meter (m) water depths in the Western Gulf of Mexico. This location was selected because hurricane frequency and severity provided a unique set of design challenges that would enable assessment of hurricane risk and projection of cost of energy (COE) changes, all in response to specific U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) objectives. Notably, the concept study pursued a holistic approach that incorporated multiple advanced system elements at the wind turbine and wind power plant levels to meet objectives for system performance and reduced COE. Principal turbine system elements included a 10-MW rotor with structurally efficient, low-solidity blades; a lightweight, permanent-magnet, direct-drive generator, and an innovative fixed substructure. At the wind power plant level, turbines were arrayed in a large-scale wind power plant in a manner aimed at balancing energy production against capital, installation, and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs to achieve significant overall reductions in COE.},
doi = {10.2172/1330932},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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