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Title: Coupling the System Analysis Module with SAS4A/SASSYS-1

Abstract

SAS4A/SASSYS-1 is a simulation tool used to perform deterministic analysis of anticipated events as well as design basis and beyond design basis accidents for advanced reactors, with an emphasis on sodium fast reactors. SAS4A/SASSYS-1 has been under development and in active use for nearly forty-five years, and is currently maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy under the Office of Advanced Reactor Technology. Although SAS4A/SASSYS-1 contains a very capable primary and intermediate system modeling component, PRIMAR-4, it also has some shortcomings: outdated data management and code structure makes extension of the PRIMAR-4 module somewhat difficult. The user input format for PRIMAR-4 also limits the number of volumes and segments that can be used to describe a given system. The System Analysis Module (SAM) is a fairly new code development effort being carried out under the U.S. DOE Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program. SAM is being developed with advanced physical models, numerical methods, and software engineering practices; however, it is currently somewhat limited in the system components and phenomena that can be represented. For example, component models for electromagnetic pumps and multi-layer stratified volumes have not yet been developed. Nor is there support for a balance of plantmore » model. Similarly, system-level phenomena such as control-rod driveline expansion and vessel elongation are not represented. This report documents fiscal year 2016 work that was carried out to couple the transient safety analysis capabilities of SAS4A/SASSYS-1 with the system modeling capabilities of SAM under the joint support of the ART and NEAMS programs. The coupling effort was successful and is demonstrated by evaluating an unprotected loss of flow transient for the Advanced Burner Test Reactor (ABTR) design. There are differences between the stand-alone SAS4A/SASSYS-1 simulations and the coupled SAS/SAM simulations, but these are mainly attributed to the limited maturity of the SAM development effort. The severe accident modeling capabilities in SAS4A/SASSYS-1 (sodium boiling, fuel melting and relocation) will continue to play a vital role for a long time. Therefore, the SAS4A/SASSYS-1 modernization effort should remain a high priority task under the ART program to ensure continued participation in domestic and international SFR safety collaborations and design optimizations. On the other hand, SAM provides an advanced system analysis tool, with improved numerical solution schemes, data management, code flexibility, and accuracy. SAM is still in early stages of development and will require continued support from NEAMS to fulfill its potential and to mature into a production tool for advanced reactor safety analysis. The effort to couple SAS4A/SASSYS-1 and SAM is the first step on the integration of these modeling capabilities.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Nuclear Reactor Technologies (NE-7). Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS)
OSTI Identifier:
1330572
Report Number(s):
ANL/NE-14/22
130789; TRN: US1700451
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; SEVERE ACCIDENTS; SAFETY ANALYSIS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; SODIUM; SYSTEMS ANALYSIS; LOSS OF FLOW; DESIGN; FAST REACTORS; TEST REACTORS; COUPLING; NUMERICAL SOLUTION; BOILING; MELTING; TRANSIENTS; S CODES; REACTOR FUELS; DESIGN-BASIS ACCIDENTS; BEYOND-DESIGN-BASIS ACCIDENTS; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; SODIUM COOLED REACTORS

Citation Formats

Fanning, T. H., and Hu, R. Coupling the System Analysis Module with SAS4A/SASSYS-1. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1330572.
Fanning, T. H., & Hu, R. Coupling the System Analysis Module with SAS4A/SASSYS-1. United States. doi:10.2172/1330572.
Fanning, T. H., and Hu, R. Fri . "Coupling the System Analysis Module with SAS4A/SASSYS-1". United States. doi:10.2172/1330572. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1330572.
@article{osti_1330572,
title = {Coupling the System Analysis Module with SAS4A/SASSYS-1},
author = {Fanning, T. H. and Hu, R.},
abstractNote = {SAS4A/SASSYS-1 is a simulation tool used to perform deterministic analysis of anticipated events as well as design basis and beyond design basis accidents for advanced reactors, with an emphasis on sodium fast reactors. SAS4A/SASSYS-1 has been under development and in active use for nearly forty-five years, and is currently maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy under the Office of Advanced Reactor Technology. Although SAS4A/SASSYS-1 contains a very capable primary and intermediate system modeling component, PRIMAR-4, it also has some shortcomings: outdated data management and code structure makes extension of the PRIMAR-4 module somewhat difficult. The user input format for PRIMAR-4 also limits the number of volumes and segments that can be used to describe a given system. The System Analysis Module (SAM) is a fairly new code development effort being carried out under the U.S. DOE Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program. SAM is being developed with advanced physical models, numerical methods, and software engineering practices; however, it is currently somewhat limited in the system components and phenomena that can be represented. For example, component models for electromagnetic pumps and multi-layer stratified volumes have not yet been developed. Nor is there support for a balance of plant model. Similarly, system-level phenomena such as control-rod driveline expansion and vessel elongation are not represented. This report documents fiscal year 2016 work that was carried out to couple the transient safety analysis capabilities of SAS4A/SASSYS-1 with the system modeling capabilities of SAM under the joint support of the ART and NEAMS programs. The coupling effort was successful and is demonstrated by evaluating an unprotected loss of flow transient for the Advanced Burner Test Reactor (ABTR) design. There are differences between the stand-alone SAS4A/SASSYS-1 simulations and the coupled SAS/SAM simulations, but these are mainly attributed to the limited maturity of the SAM development effort. The severe accident modeling capabilities in SAS4A/SASSYS-1 (sodium boiling, fuel melting and relocation) will continue to play a vital role for a long time. Therefore, the SAS4A/SASSYS-1 modernization effort should remain a high priority task under the ART program to ensure continued participation in domestic and international SFR safety collaborations and design optimizations. On the other hand, SAM provides an advanced system analysis tool, with improved numerical solution schemes, data management, code flexibility, and accuracy. SAM is still in early stages of development and will require continued support from NEAMS to fulfill its potential and to mature into a production tool for advanced reactor safety analysis. The effort to couple SAS4A/SASSYS-1 and SAM is the first step on the integration of these modeling capabilities.},
doi = {10.2172/1330572},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Sep 30 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Sep 30 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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