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Title: A graphite oxide (GO)-based remote readable tamper evident seal

Abstract

Here, this paper presents a prototype of a remotely readable graphite oxide (GO) paper-based tamper evident seal. The proposed device combines the tunable electrical properties offered by reduced graphite oxide (RGO) with a compressive sampling scheme. The benefit of using RGO as a tamper evident seal material is the sensitivity of its electrical properties to the common mechanisms adopted to defeat tamper-evident seals. RGO’s electrical properties vary upon local stress or cracks induced by mechanical action (e.g., produced by shimming or lifting attacks). Further, modification of the seal’s electrical properties can result from the incidence of other defeat mechanisms, such as temperature changes, solvent treatment and steam application. The electrical tunability of RGO enables the engraving of a circuit on the area of the tamper evident seal intended to be exposed to malicious attacks. The operation of the tamper evident seal, as well as its remote communication functionality, is supervised by a microcontroller unit (MCU). The MCU uses the RGO-engraved circuitry to physically implement a compressive sampling acquisition procedure. The compressive sampling scheme provides the seal with self-authentication and self-state-of-health awareness capabilities. Finally, the prototype shows potential for use in low-power, embedded, remote-operation nonproliferation security related applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Engineering Inst.
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies
  3. Prairie View A&M Univ., Prairie View, TX (United States). Thermal Science Research Center
  4. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Safeguards Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; US Dept. of State
OSTI Identifier:
1329859
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-20701
Journal ID: ISSN 0964-1726
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; 20130527ER
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Smart Materials and Structures
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0964-1726
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Cattaneo, Alessandro, Bossert, Jason Andrew, Guzman, Christian, Haaker, Axel, Gupta, Gautam, Mohite, Aditya, Dumont, Joseph Henry, Purdy, Geraldine Maxine, Miller, Karen Ann, Marchi, Alexandria Nicole, Farrar, Charles Reed, and Mascarenas, David Dennis L. A graphite oxide (GO)-based remote readable tamper evident seal. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0964-1726/24/10/105014.
Cattaneo, Alessandro, Bossert, Jason Andrew, Guzman, Christian, Haaker, Axel, Gupta, Gautam, Mohite, Aditya, Dumont, Joseph Henry, Purdy, Geraldine Maxine, Miller, Karen Ann, Marchi, Alexandria Nicole, Farrar, Charles Reed, & Mascarenas, David Dennis L. A graphite oxide (GO)-based remote readable tamper evident seal. United States. doi:10.1088/0964-1726/24/10/105014.
Cattaneo, Alessandro, Bossert, Jason Andrew, Guzman, Christian, Haaker, Axel, Gupta, Gautam, Mohite, Aditya, Dumont, Joseph Henry, Purdy, Geraldine Maxine, Miller, Karen Ann, Marchi, Alexandria Nicole, Farrar, Charles Reed, and Mascarenas, David Dennis L. 2016. "A graphite oxide (GO)-based remote readable tamper evident seal". United States. doi:10.1088/0964-1726/24/10/105014. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1329859.
@article{osti_1329859,
title = {A graphite oxide (GO)-based remote readable tamper evident seal},
author = {Cattaneo, Alessandro and Bossert, Jason Andrew and Guzman, Christian and Haaker, Axel and Gupta, Gautam and Mohite, Aditya and Dumont, Joseph Henry and Purdy, Geraldine Maxine and Miller, Karen Ann and Marchi, Alexandria Nicole and Farrar, Charles Reed and Mascarenas, David Dennis L.},
abstractNote = {Here, this paper presents a prototype of a remotely readable graphite oxide (GO) paper-based tamper evident seal. The proposed device combines the tunable electrical properties offered by reduced graphite oxide (RGO) with a compressive sampling scheme. The benefit of using RGO as a tamper evident seal material is the sensitivity of its electrical properties to the common mechanisms adopted to defeat tamper-evident seals. RGO’s electrical properties vary upon local stress or cracks induced by mechanical action (e.g., produced by shimming or lifting attacks). Further, modification of the seal’s electrical properties can result from the incidence of other defeat mechanisms, such as temperature changes, solvent treatment and steam application. The electrical tunability of RGO enables the engraving of a circuit on the area of the tamper evident seal intended to be exposed to malicious attacks. The operation of the tamper evident seal, as well as its remote communication functionality, is supervised by a microcontroller unit (MCU). The MCU uses the RGO-engraved circuitry to physically implement a compressive sampling acquisition procedure. The compressive sampling scheme provides the seal with self-authentication and self-state-of-health awareness capabilities. Finally, the prototype shows potential for use in low-power, embedded, remote-operation nonproliferation security related applications.},
doi = {10.1088/0964-1726/24/10/105014},
journal = {Smart Materials and Structures},
number = 10,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

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