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Title: Redox-induced lower mantle density contrast and effect on mantle structure and primitive oxygen

Authors:
; ; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1329402
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nature Geoscience; Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 9
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH

Citation Formats

Gu, Tingting, Li, Mingming, McCammon, Catherine, and Lee, Kanani K. M. Redox-induced lower mantle density contrast and effect on mantle structure and primitive oxygen. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/NGEO2772.
Gu, Tingting, Li, Mingming, McCammon, Catherine, & Lee, Kanani K. M. Redox-induced lower mantle density contrast and effect on mantle structure and primitive oxygen. United States. doi:10.1038/NGEO2772.
Gu, Tingting, Li, Mingming, McCammon, Catherine, and Lee, Kanani K. M. 2016. "Redox-induced lower mantle density contrast and effect on mantle structure and primitive oxygen". United States. doi:10.1038/NGEO2772.
@article{osti_1329402,
title = {Redox-induced lower mantle density contrast and effect on mantle structure and primitive oxygen},
author = {Gu, Tingting and Li, Mingming and McCammon, Catherine and Lee, Kanani K. M.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1038/NGEO2772},
journal = {Nature Geoscience},
number = 9,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
  • The change in electronic structure of iron at high pressures to spin-paired states in ferropericlase, silicate perovskite, and post-perovskite may have a profound influence on the thermal conductivity of the lower mantle. Here, we present optical absorption data for lower mantle minerals to assess the effect of composition (including iron oxidation state), structure, and iron spin state on radiative heat transfer. We confirm that the presence of ferric iron in ferropericlase strongly affects the optical properties, while the effect of the spin-pairing transition may be more secondary. We also show that post-perovskite exhibits larger optical absorption in the near infraredmore » and visible spectral ranges than perovskite which may have a profound effect on the dynamics the lowermost mantle. We present preliminary results from measurements of the phonon thermal conductivity of perovskite at 125 GPa using a pulsed laser heating technique. The available data suggest a larger value than what previously estimated, although the uncertainty is large.« less
  • The authors have applied the spinel peridotite oxygen barometer to abyssal spinel peridotites from the mid-Atlantic, central Indian, southwest Indian and American-Antarctic ocean ridge systems. The results indicate that the oxygen fugacity (F{sub O{sub 2}}) of the suboceanic mantle is on average 0.9 {plus minus}0.7 (n = 33; {plus minus} 1sd) log units below the Fayalite-Magnetite-Quartz (FMQ) f{sub O{sub 2}} buffer, in excellent agreement with f{sub O{sub 2}} estimates of MORB glasses (FMQ {minus}1.20 {plus minus} 0.63, n = 87; {plus minus} 1 sd). The agreement between MORBs and their mantle source region suggests that the rapidly quenched liquids havemore » not undergone significant oxidation (by hydrogen degassing, for example) during their ascent and eruption. Their results also show that the suboceanic mantle is more reduced than the subcontinental mantle, for which the average value of log f{sub O{sub 2}} lies approximately at FMQ (log f{sub O{sub 2}} = FMQ + 0.24 {plus minus} 0.5, n = 54; {plus minus} 1 sd). Abyssal spinel peridotites from the Islas Orcadas fracture Zone (FZ), near the Bouvet Island hotspot, are the most reduced samples in our suite (log f{sub O{sub 2}} = FMQ {minus}1.67 to {minus}2.32), and they are compatible with a graphite-saturated fluid being present in this source region. In general, however, upper mantle f{sub O{sub 2}}'s are too high for graphite to be stable, and they estimate an activity of carbon relative to graphite of about 0.05 under the approximate conditions of MORB generation (P {approximately} 10 kb, T {approximately} 1,325{degree}C, log f{sub O{sub 2}} {approximately} FMQ {minus}0.9). Under these conditions an average CO{sub 2} content in the mantle of {approximately} 215 to 545 ppm would be consistent with the fluid compositions of MORB glasses.« less
  • Two carbonatitic mineral assemblages, calcite + wollastonite and calcite + monticellite, which are encapsulated in two diamond grains from the Rio Soriso basin in the Juina area, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, were studied utilizing the NanoSIMS technique. The assemblages were formed as the result of the decomposition of the lower-mantle assemblage calcite + CaSi-perovskite + volatile during the course of the diamond ascent under pressure conditions from 15 to less than 0.8 GPa. The oxygen and carbon isotopic compositions of the studied minerals are inhomogeneous. They fractionated during the process of the decomposition of primary minerals to very varying values:more » δ 18O from –3.3 to +15.4 ‰ SMOW and δ 13C from –2.8 to +9.3 ‰ VPDB. As a result, these values significantly extend the mantle values for these elements in both isotopically-light and isotopically-heavy areas.« less
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