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Title: Recent developments in Geant4

Abstract

Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. In conclusion, the adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensions to the toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1329056
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-447-CD; LLNL-JRNL-704362
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; 1488031
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC52-07NA27344; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 835; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; high energy physics; nuclear physics; radiation; simulation; computing; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., and Yoshida, H.. Recent developments in Geant4. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125.
Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., & Yoshida, H.. Recent developments in Geant4. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125.
Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Arce, P., Asai, M., Aso, T., Bagli, E., Bagulya, A., Banerjee, S., Barrand, G., Beck, B. R., Bogdanov, A. G., Brandt, D., Brown, J. M. C., Burkhardt, H., Canal, Ph., Cano-Ott, D., Chauvie, S., Cho, K., Cirrone, G. A. P., Cooperman, G., Cortés-Giraldo, M. A., Cosmo, G., Cuttone, G., Depaola, G., Desorgher, L., Dong, X., Dotti, A., Elvira, V. D., Folger, G., Francis, Z., Galoyan, A., Garnier, L., Gayer, M., Genser, K. L., Grichine, V. M., Guatelli, S., Guèye, P., Gumplinger, P., Howard, A. S., Hřivnáčová, I., Hwang, S., Incerti, S., Ivanchenko, A., Ivanchenko, V. N., Jones, F. W., Jun, S. Y., Kaitaniemi, P., Karakatsanis, N., Karamitrosi, M., Kelsey, M., Kimura, A., Koi, T., Kurashige, H., Lechner, A., Lee, S. B., Longo, F., Maire, M., Mancusi, D., Mantero, A., Mendoza, E., Morgan, B., Murakami, K., Nikitina, T., Pandola, L., Paprocki, P., Perl, J., Petrović, I., Pia, M. G., Pokorski, W., Quesada, J. M., Raine, M., Reis, M. A., Ribon, A., Ristić Fira, A., Romano, F., Russo, G., Santin, G., Sasaki, T., Sawkey, D., Shin, J. I., Strakovsky, I. I., Taborda, A., Tanaka, S., Tomé, B., Toshito, T., Tran, H. N., Truscott, P. R., Urban, L., Uzhinsky, V., Verbeke, J. M., Verderi, M., Wendt, B. L., Wenzel, H., Wright, D. H., Wright, D. M., Yamashita, T., Yarba, J., and Yoshida, H.. 2016. "Recent developments in Geant4". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1329056.
@article{osti_1329056,
title = {Recent developments in Geant4},
author = {Allison, J. and Amako, K. and Apostolakis, J. and Arce, P. and Asai, M. and Aso, T. and Bagli, E. and Bagulya, A. and Banerjee, S. and Barrand, G. and Beck, B. R. and Bogdanov, A. G. and Brandt, D. and Brown, J. M. C. and Burkhardt, H. and Canal, Ph. and Cano-Ott, D. and Chauvie, S. and Cho, K. and Cirrone, G. A. P. and Cooperman, G. and Cortés-Giraldo, M. A. and Cosmo, G. and Cuttone, G. and Depaola, G. and Desorgher, L. and Dong, X. and Dotti, A. and Elvira, V. D. and Folger, G. and Francis, Z. and Galoyan, A. and Garnier, L. and Gayer, M. and Genser, K. L. and Grichine, V. M. and Guatelli, S. and Guèye, P. and Gumplinger, P. and Howard, A. S. and Hřivnáčová, I. and Hwang, S. and Incerti, S. and Ivanchenko, A. and Ivanchenko, V. N. and Jones, F. W. and Jun, S. Y. and Kaitaniemi, P. and Karakatsanis, N. and Karamitrosi, M. and Kelsey, M. and Kimura, A. and Koi, T. and Kurashige, H. and Lechner, A. and Lee, S. B. and Longo, F. and Maire, M. and Mancusi, D. and Mantero, A. and Mendoza, E. and Morgan, B. and Murakami, K. and Nikitina, T. and Pandola, L. and Paprocki, P. and Perl, J. and Petrović, I. and Pia, M. G. and Pokorski, W. and Quesada, J. M. and Raine, M. and Reis, M. A. and Ribon, A. and Ristić Fira, A. and Romano, F. and Russo, G. and Santin, G. and Sasaki, T. and Sawkey, D. and Shin, J. I. and Strakovsky, I. I. and Taborda, A. and Tanaka, S. and Tomé, B. and Toshito, T. and Tran, H. N. and Truscott, P. R. and Urban, L. and Uzhinsky, V. and Verbeke, J. M. and Verderi, M. and Wendt, B. L. and Wenzel, H. and Wright, D. H. and Wright, D. M. and Yamashita, T. and Yarba, J. and Yoshida, H.},
abstractNote = {Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. In conclusion, the adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensions to the toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 835,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

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  • Here, Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. The adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensions to themore » toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.« less
  • Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It is used by a large number of experiments and projects in a variety of application domains, including high energy physics, astrophysics and space science, medical physics and radiation protection. Over the past several years, major changes have been made to the toolkit in order to accommodate the needs of these user communities, and to efficiently exploit the growth of computing power made available by advances in technology. As a result, the adaptation of Geant4 to multithreading, advances in physics, detector modeling and visualization, extensionsmore » to the toolkit, including biasing and reverse Monte Carlo, and tools for physics and release validation are discussed here.« less
  • The Geant4 hadronic models cover the entire range of energies required by calorimeters in new and planned experiments. The extension and improvement of the elastic, cascade, parameterized and quark-gluon string models will be discussed. Such improvements include the extension to more particle types, a review and correction of cross sections, and a better treatment of energy and momentum conservation. Concurrent with this development has been a validation program which includes comparisons with double differential cross sections. An ongoing hadronic shower validation will also be discussed which includes the examination of longitudinal shower shapes and the performance of the above modelsmore » as well as their interaction with electromagnetic processes such as multiple scattering.« less
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