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Title: High energy density aluminum battery

Abstract

Compositions and methods of making are provided for a high energy density aluminum battery. The battery comprises an anode comprising aluminum metal. The battery further comprises a cathode comprising a material capable of intercalating aluminum or lithium ions during a discharge cycle and deintercalating the aluminum or lithium ions during a charge cycle. The battery further comprises an electrolyte capable of supporting reversible deposition and stripping of aluminum at the anode, and reversible intercalation and deintercalation of aluminum or lithium at the cathode.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Board of Regents, The University of Texas System, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1328682
Patent Number(s):
9,466,853
Application Number:
13/247,417
Assignee:
Board of Regents, The University of Texas System (Austin, TX) ARPA-E
DOE Contract Number:
FOA-0000207
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2011 Sep 28
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Brown, Gilbert M., Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans, Dai, Sheng, Dudney, Nancy J., Manthiram, Arumugan, McIntyre, Timothy J., Sun, Xiao-Guang, and Liu, Hansan. High energy density aluminum battery. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Brown, Gilbert M., Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans, Dai, Sheng, Dudney, Nancy J., Manthiram, Arumugan, McIntyre, Timothy J., Sun, Xiao-Guang, & Liu, Hansan. High energy density aluminum battery. United States.
Brown, Gilbert M., Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans, Dai, Sheng, Dudney, Nancy J., Manthiram, Arumugan, McIntyre, Timothy J., Sun, Xiao-Guang, and Liu, Hansan. 2016. "High energy density aluminum battery". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1328682.
@article{osti_1328682,
title = {High energy density aluminum battery},
author = {Brown, Gilbert M. and Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans and Dai, Sheng and Dudney, Nancy J. and Manthiram, Arumugan and McIntyre, Timothy J. and Sun, Xiao-Guang and Liu, Hansan},
abstractNote = {Compositions and methods of making are provided for a high energy density aluminum battery. The battery comprises an anode comprising aluminum metal. The battery further comprises a cathode comprising a material capable of intercalating aluminum or lithium ions during a discharge cycle and deintercalating the aluminum or lithium ions during a charge cycle. The battery further comprises an electrolyte capable of supporting reversible deposition and stripping of aluminum at the anode, and reversible intercalation and deintercalation of aluminum or lithium at the cathode.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month =
}

Patent:

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  • A battery and process of operating a battery system is provided using high hydrogen capacity complex hydrides in an organic non-aqueous solvent that allows the transport of hydride ions such as AlH.sub.4.sup.- and metal ions during respective discharging and charging steps.
  • Embodiments described herein relate generally to devices, systems and methods of producing high energy density batteries having a semi-solid cathode that is thicker than the anode. An electrochemical cell can include a positive electrode current collector, a negative electrode current collector and an ion-permeable membrane disposed between the positive electrode current collector and the negative electrode current collector. The ion-permeable membrane is spaced a first distance from the positive electrode current collector and at least partially defines a positive electroactive zone. The ion-permeable membrane is spaced a second distance from the negative electrode current collector and at least partially definesmore » a negative electroactive zone. The second distance is less than the first distance. A semi-solid cathode that includes a suspension of an active material and a conductive material in a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte is disposed in the positive electroactive zone, and an anode is disposed in the negative electroactive zone.« less
  • A positive electrode comprising .epsilon.-VOPO.sub.4 and/or Na.sub.x(.epsilon.-VOPO.sub.4) wherein x is a value from 0.1 to 1.0 as an active ingredient, wherein the electrode is capable of insertion and release of sodium ions and a reversible sodium battery containing the positive electrode are provided.
  • Embodiments described herein relate generally to devices, systems and methods of producing high energy density batteries having a semi-solid cathode that is thicker than the anode. An electrochemical cell can include a positive electrode current collector, a negative electrode current collector and an ion-permeable membrane disposed between the positive electrode current collector and the negative electrode current collector. The ion-permeable membrane is spaced a first distance from the positive electrode current collector and at least partially defines a positive electroactive zone. The ion-permeable membrane is spaced a second distance from the negative electrode current collector and at least partially definesmore » a negative electroactive zone. The second distance is less than the first distance. A semi-solid cathode that includes a suspension of an active material and a conductive material in a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte is disposed in the positive electroactive zone, and an anode is disposed in the negative electroactive zone.« less