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Title: Modeling the spatiotemporal variability in subsurface thermal regimes across a low-relief polygonal tundra landscape

Abstract

Vast carbon stocks stored in permafrost soils of Arctic tundra are under risk of release to the atmosphere under warming climate scenarios. Ice-wedge polygons in the low-gradient polygonal tundra create a complex mosaic of microtopographic features. This microtopography plays a critical role in regulating the fine-scale variability in thermal and hydrological regimes in the polygonal tundra landscape underlain by continuous permafrost. Modeling of thermal regimes of this sensitive ecosystem is essential for understanding the landscape behavior under the current as well as changing climate. Here, we present an end-to-end effort for high-resolution numerical modeling of thermal hydrology at real-world field sites, utilizing the best available data to characterize and parameterize the models. We also develop approaches to model the thermal hydrology of polygonal tundra and apply them at four study sites near Barrow, Alaska, spanning across low to transitional to high-centered polygons, representing a broad polygonal tundra landscape. A multiphase subsurface thermal hydrology model (PFLOTRAN) was developed and applied to study the thermal regimes at four sites. Using a high-resolution lidar digital elevation model (DEM), microtopographic features of the landscape were characterized and represented in the high-resolution model mesh. The best available soil data from field observations and literature were utilizedmore » to represent the complex heterogeneous subsurface in the numerical model. Simulation results demonstrate the ability of the developed modeling approach to capture – without recourse to model calibration – several aspects of the complex thermal regimes across the sites, and provide insights into the critical role of polygonal tundra microtopography in regulating the thermal dynamics of the carbon-rich permafrost soils. Moreover, areas of significant disagreement between model results and observations highlight the importance of field-based observations of soil thermal and hydraulic properties for modeling-based studies of permafrost thermal dynamics, and provide motivation and guidance for future observations that will help address model and data gaps affecting our current understanding of the system.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Division
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, OR (United States)
  5. Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States). Geophysical Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1327597
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Cryosphere (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Cryosphere (Online); Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1994-0424
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; hydrology; permafrost; tundra; modeling; PFLOTRAN

Citation Formats

Kumar, Jitendra, Collier, Nathan, Bisht, Gautam, Mills, Richard T., Thornton, Peter E., Iversen, Colleen M., and Romanovsky, Vladimir. Modeling the spatiotemporal variability in subsurface thermal regimes across a low-relief polygonal tundra landscape. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.5194/tc-10-2241-2016.
Kumar, Jitendra, Collier, Nathan, Bisht, Gautam, Mills, Richard T., Thornton, Peter E., Iversen, Colleen M., & Romanovsky, Vladimir. Modeling the spatiotemporal variability in subsurface thermal regimes across a low-relief polygonal tundra landscape. United States. doi:10.5194/tc-10-2241-2016.
Kumar, Jitendra, Collier, Nathan, Bisht, Gautam, Mills, Richard T., Thornton, Peter E., Iversen, Colleen M., and Romanovsky, Vladimir. Tue . "Modeling the spatiotemporal variability in subsurface thermal regimes across a low-relief polygonal tundra landscape". United States. doi:10.5194/tc-10-2241-2016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1327597.
@article{osti_1327597,
title = {Modeling the spatiotemporal variability in subsurface thermal regimes across a low-relief polygonal tundra landscape},
author = {Kumar, Jitendra and Collier, Nathan and Bisht, Gautam and Mills, Richard T. and Thornton, Peter E. and Iversen, Colleen M. and Romanovsky, Vladimir},
abstractNote = {Vast carbon stocks stored in permafrost soils of Arctic tundra are under risk of release to the atmosphere under warming climate scenarios. Ice-wedge polygons in the low-gradient polygonal tundra create a complex mosaic of microtopographic features. This microtopography plays a critical role in regulating the fine-scale variability in thermal and hydrological regimes in the polygonal tundra landscape underlain by continuous permafrost. Modeling of thermal regimes of this sensitive ecosystem is essential for understanding the landscape behavior under the current as well as changing climate. Here, we present an end-to-end effort for high-resolution numerical modeling of thermal hydrology at real-world field sites, utilizing the best available data to characterize and parameterize the models. We also develop approaches to model the thermal hydrology of polygonal tundra and apply them at four study sites near Barrow, Alaska, spanning across low to transitional to high-centered polygons, representing a broad polygonal tundra landscape. A multiphase subsurface thermal hydrology model (PFLOTRAN) was developed and applied to study the thermal regimes at four sites. Using a high-resolution lidar digital elevation model (DEM), microtopographic features of the landscape were characterized and represented in the high-resolution model mesh. The best available soil data from field observations and literature were utilized to represent the complex heterogeneous subsurface in the numerical model. Simulation results demonstrate the ability of the developed modeling approach to capture – without recourse to model calibration – several aspects of the complex thermal regimes across the sites, and provide insights into the critical role of polygonal tundra microtopography in regulating the thermal dynamics of the carbon-rich permafrost soils. Moreover, areas of significant disagreement between model results and observations highlight the importance of field-based observations of soil thermal and hydraulic properties for modeling-based studies of permafrost thermal dynamics, and provide motivation and guidance for future observations that will help address model and data gaps affecting our current understanding of the system.},
doi = {10.5194/tc-10-2241-2016},
journal = {The Cryosphere (Online)},
number = 5,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 27 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Sep 27 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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