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Title: American Samoa: Energy Action Plan

Abstract

This document outlines actions being taken to reduce American Samoa's petroleum consumption. It describes the four near-term strategies selected by the American Samoa Renewable Energy Committee during action-planning workshops conducted in May 2016, and describes the steps that will need to be taken to implement those strategies.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
OSTI Identifier:
1326893
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-7A40-67091
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; energy planning; islands; renewable energy; energy independence; grid integration; geothermal; hydropower; wind; solar

Citation Formats

Ness, J. Erik, Haase, Scott, and Conrad, Misty. American Samoa: Energy Action Plan. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1326893.
Ness, J. Erik, Haase, Scott, & Conrad, Misty. American Samoa: Energy Action Plan. United States. doi:10.2172/1326893.
Ness, J. Erik, Haase, Scott, and Conrad, Misty. 2016. "American Samoa: Energy Action Plan". United States. doi:10.2172/1326893. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1326893.
@article{osti_1326893,
title = {American Samoa: Energy Action Plan},
author = {Ness, J. Erik and Haase, Scott and Conrad, Misty},
abstractNote = {This document outlines actions being taken to reduce American Samoa's petroleum consumption. It describes the four near-term strategies selected by the American Samoa Renewable Energy Committee during action-planning workshops conducted in May 2016, and describes the steps that will need to be taken to implement those strategies.},
doi = {10.2172/1326893},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

Technical Report:

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  • Describes the five near-term strategies selected by the American Samoa Renewable Energy Committee (ASREC) during action planning workshops conducted in May 2013, and outlines the actions being taken to implement those strategies. Each option is tied to a priority identified in the earlier draft American Samoa Strategic Energy Plan as being an essential component of reducing American Samoa'spetroleum energy consumption. The actions described for each strategy provide a roadmap to facilitate the implementation of each strategy. This document is intended to evolve along with the advancement of the projects, and will be updated to reflect progress.
  • American Samoa has no indigenous fossil fuels and is almost totally dependent for energy on seaborne petroleum. However, the seven Pacific Islands located at 14 degrees south latitude that constitute American Samoa have a wide variety of renewable resources with the potential for substituting for imported oil. Included as possible renewable energy conversion technologies are solar thermal, photovoltaics, wind, geothermal, ocean thermal, and waste-to-energy recovery. This report evaluates the potential of each of these renewable energy alternatives and establishes recommended priorities for their development in American Samoa. Rough cost estimates are also included. Although renewable energy planning is highly sitemore » specific, information in this report should find some general application to other tropical insular areas.« less
  • Section 4 of the Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974, (ESECA) requires EPA to review each State Implementation Plan (SIP) to determine if revisions can be made to control regulations for stationary fuel combustion sources without interfering with the attainment and maintenance of the national ambient air quality standards. This document, which is also required by Section 4 of ESECA, is EPA's report to the State indicating where regulations might be revised. (GRA)
  • An in-house study of space requirements for Samoan style residential living and for TEO needs was made. It was determined 1774 square feet of space would be required to satisfy both functions and the goals of the grant for demonstrating three types of envelope/space cooling conditions. The decision was made to elevate the original energy house plan making a two story structure. A site to suit this configuration and with proper orientation for solar demonstrations was needed.
  • In the Pacific Islands of Guam and Tutuila in American Samoa, conversion of municipal solid waste to useable energy forms - principally electricity but possibly steam - may hold promise for reducing economic dependence on imported petroleum. A secondary benefit may be derived from reduction of solid waste landfill requirements. At the preliminary planning stage, waste-to-energy facilities producing electricity appear technically and environmentally feasible. Economically, the projects appear marginal but could be viable under specific conditions related to capital costs, revenue from garbage collection and revenue from the sale of the energy generated. Grant funding for the projects would considerablymore » enhance the economic viability of the proposed facilities. The projects appear sufficiently viable to proceed to the detailed planning stage. Such projects are not viable for the islands now emerging from the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.« less