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Title: U.S. Laws and Regulations for Renewable Energy Grid Interconnections

Abstract

Rapidly declining costs of wind and solar energy technologies, increasing concerns about the environmental and climate change impacts of fossil fuels, and sustained investment in renewable energy projects all point to a not-so-distant future in which renewable energy plays a pivotal role in the electric power system of the 21st century. In light of public pressures and market factors that hasten the transition towards a low-carbon system, power system planners and regulators are preparing to integrate higher levels of variable renewable generation into the grid. Updating the regulations that govern generator interconnections and operations is crucial to ensure system reliability while creating an enabling environment for renewable energy development. This report presents a chronological review of energy laws and regulations concerning grid interconnection procedures in the United States, highlighting the consequences of policies for renewable energy interconnections. Where appropriate, this report places interconnection policies and their impacts on renewable energy within the broader context of power market reform.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; U.S. China Renewable Energy Partnership
OSTI Identifier:
1326721
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-66724
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; market reform; United States policies; regulation; clean energy; renewable energy; interconnection policy; power market reform; generator operations; system reliability

Citation Formats

Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Tian, Tian, McLaren, Joyce, Miller, Mackay, and Geller, Nina. U.S. Laws and Regulations for Renewable Energy Grid Interconnections. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1326721.
Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Tian, Tian, McLaren, Joyce, Miller, Mackay, & Geller, Nina. U.S. Laws and Regulations for Renewable Energy Grid Interconnections. United States. doi:10.2172/1326721.
Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Tian, Tian, McLaren, Joyce, Miller, Mackay, and Geller, Nina. 2016. "U.S. Laws and Regulations for Renewable Energy Grid Interconnections". United States. doi:10.2172/1326721. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1326721.
@article{osti_1326721,
title = {U.S. Laws and Regulations for Renewable Energy Grid Interconnections},
author = {Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya and Tian, Tian and McLaren, Joyce and Miller, Mackay and Geller, Nina},
abstractNote = {Rapidly declining costs of wind and solar energy technologies, increasing concerns about the environmental and climate change impacts of fossil fuels, and sustained investment in renewable energy projects all point to a not-so-distant future in which renewable energy plays a pivotal role in the electric power system of the 21st century. In light of public pressures and market factors that hasten the transition towards a low-carbon system, power system planners and regulators are preparing to integrate higher levels of variable renewable generation into the grid. Updating the regulations that govern generator interconnections and operations is crucial to ensure system reliability while creating an enabling environment for renewable energy development. This report presents a chronological review of energy laws and regulations concerning grid interconnection procedures in the United States, highlighting the consequences of policies for renewable energy interconnections. Where appropriate, this report places interconnection policies and their impacts on renewable energy within the broader context of power market reform.},
doi = {10.2172/1326721},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

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