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Title: A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) for studies of kinetic, multi-ion effects, and ion-electron equilibration rates in Inertial Confinement Fusion plasmas at OMEGA (invited)

Abstract

Here, a Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) has been implemented on OMEGA for simultaneous time-resolved measurements of several nuclear products as well as the x-ray continuum produced in High Energy Density Plasmas and Inertial Confinement Fusion implosions. The PXTD removes systematic timing uncertainties typically introduced by using multiple instruments, and it has been used to measure DD, DT, D 3He, and T 3He reaction histories and the emission history of the x-ray core continuum with relative timing uncertainties within ±10-20 ps. This enables, for the first time, accurate and simultaneous measurements of the x-ray emission histories, nuclear reaction histories, their time differences, and measurements of T i(t) and T e(t) from which an assessment of multiple-ion-fluid effects, kinetic effects during the shock-burn phase, and ion-electron equilibration rates can be made.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4] more »; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1] « less
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1325775
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374514; OSTI ID: 1417160
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-733865; LA-UR-17-27853
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK; TRN: US1700097
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001857; NA0002949; NA0002726; FC52-08NA28752; 416107-G; AC52-07NA27344; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Conference: 21. Topical Conference on High Temperature Plasma Diagnostics (HTPD 2016), Madison, WI (United States), 5-9 Jun 2016; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; nuclear reactions; neutrons; cameras; shock wave effects; time measurement

Citation Formats

Sio, H., Frenje, J. A., Katz, J., Stoeckl, C., Weiner, D., Bedzyk, M., Glebov, V., Sorce, C., Gatu Johnson, M., Rinderknecht, H. G., Zylstra, A. B., Sangster, T. C., Regan, S. P., Kwan, T., Le, A., Simakov, A. N., Taitano, W. T., Chacòn, L., Keenan, B., Shah, R., Sutcliffe, G., and Petrasso, R. D. A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) for studies of kinetic, multi-ion effects, and ion-electron equilibration rates in Inertial Confinement Fusion plasmas at OMEGA (invited). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4961552.
Sio, H., Frenje, J. A., Katz, J., Stoeckl, C., Weiner, D., Bedzyk, M., Glebov, V., Sorce, C., Gatu Johnson, M., Rinderknecht, H. G., Zylstra, A. B., Sangster, T. C., Regan, S. P., Kwan, T., Le, A., Simakov, A. N., Taitano, W. T., Chacòn, L., Keenan, B., Shah, R., Sutcliffe, G., & Petrasso, R. D. A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) for studies of kinetic, multi-ion effects, and ion-electron equilibration rates in Inertial Confinement Fusion plasmas at OMEGA (invited). United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961552.
Sio, H., Frenje, J. A., Katz, J., Stoeckl, C., Weiner, D., Bedzyk, M., Glebov, V., Sorce, C., Gatu Johnson, M., Rinderknecht, H. G., Zylstra, A. B., Sangster, T. C., Regan, S. P., Kwan, T., Le, A., Simakov, A. N., Taitano, W. T., Chacòn, L., Keenan, B., Shah, R., Sutcliffe, G., and Petrasso, R. D. Wed . "A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) for studies of kinetic, multi-ion effects, and ion-electron equilibration rates in Inertial Confinement Fusion plasmas at OMEGA (invited)". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961552. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1325775.
@article{osti_1325775,
title = {A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) for studies of kinetic, multi-ion effects, and ion-electron equilibration rates in Inertial Confinement Fusion plasmas at OMEGA (invited)},
author = {Sio, H. and Frenje, J. A. and Katz, J. and Stoeckl, C. and Weiner, D. and Bedzyk, M. and Glebov, V. and Sorce, C. and Gatu Johnson, M. and Rinderknecht, H. G. and Zylstra, A. B. and Sangster, T. C. and Regan, S. P. and Kwan, T. and Le, A. and Simakov, A. N. and Taitano, W. T. and Chacòn, L. and Keenan, B. and Shah, R. and Sutcliffe, G. and Petrasso, R. D.},
abstractNote = {Here, a Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) has been implemented on OMEGA for simultaneous time-resolved measurements of several nuclear products as well as the x-ray continuum produced in High Energy Density Plasmas and Inertial Confinement Fusion implosions. The PXTD removes systematic timing uncertainties typically introduced by using multiple instruments, and it has been used to measure DD, DT, D3He, and T3He reaction histories and the emission history of the x-ray core continuum with relative timing uncertainties within ±10-20 ps. This enables, for the first time, accurate and simultaneous measurements of the x-ray emission histories, nuclear reaction histories, their time differences, and measurements of Ti(t) and Te(t) from which an assessment of multiple-ion-fluid effects, kinetic effects during the shock-burn phase, and ion-electron equilibration rates can be made.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4961552},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Sep 14 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Sep 14 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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