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Title: Elastic free-standing RTIL composite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 separation based on sphere-forming triblock/diblock copolymer blends

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1324844
Grant/Contract Number:
AR0000098
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Membrane Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 511; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-06 09:36:32; Journal ID: ISSN 0376-7388
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wijayasekara, Dilanji B., Cowan, Matthew G., Lewis, Jackson T., Gin, Douglas L., Noble, Richard D., and Bailey, Travis S. Elastic free-standing RTIL composite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 separation based on sphere-forming triblock/diblock copolymer blends. Netherlands: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2016.03.045.
Wijayasekara, Dilanji B., Cowan, Matthew G., Lewis, Jackson T., Gin, Douglas L., Noble, Richard D., & Bailey, Travis S. Elastic free-standing RTIL composite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 separation based on sphere-forming triblock/diblock copolymer blends. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2016.03.045.
Wijayasekara, Dilanji B., Cowan, Matthew G., Lewis, Jackson T., Gin, Douglas L., Noble, Richard D., and Bailey, Travis S. 2016. "Elastic free-standing RTIL composite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 separation based on sphere-forming triblock/diblock copolymer blends". Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2016.03.045.
@article{osti_1324844,
title = {Elastic free-standing RTIL composite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 separation based on sphere-forming triblock/diblock copolymer blends},
author = {Wijayasekara, Dilanji B. and Cowan, Matthew G. and Lewis, Jackson T. and Gin, Douglas L. and Noble, Richard D. and Bailey, Travis S.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.memsci.2016.03.045},
journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
number = C,
volume = 511,
place = {Netherlands},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.memsci.2016.03.045

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

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  • The development of nanostructured polymeric systems containing directionally continuous poly(ionic liquid) (poly(IL)) domains has considerable implications toward a range of transport-dependent, energy-based technology applications. The controlled, synthetic integration of poly(IL)s into block copolymer (BCP) architectures provides a promising means to this end, based on their inherent ability to self-assemble into a range of defined, periodic morphologies. In this work, we report the melt-state phase behavior of an imidazolium-containing alkyl-ionic BCP system, derived from the sequential ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of imidazolium- and alkyl-substituted norbornene monomer derivatives. A series of 16 BCP samples were synthesized, varying both the relative volume fractionmore » of the poly(norbornene dodecyl ester) block (f{sub DOD} = 0.42-0.96) and the overall molecular weights of the block copolymers (M{sub n} values from 5000-20,100 g mol{sup -1}). Through a combination of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic rheology, we were able to delineate clear compositional phase boundaries for each of the classic BCP phases, including lamellae (Lam), hexagonally packed cylinders (Hex), and spheres on a body-centered-cubic lattice (S{sub BCC}). Additionally, a liquid-like packing (LLP) of spheres was found for samples located in the extreme asymmetric region of the phase diagram, and a persistent coexistence of Lam and Hex domains was found in lieu of the bicontinuous cubic gyroid phase for samples located at the intersection of Hex and Lam regions. Thermal disordering was opposed even in very low molecular weight samples, detected only when the composition was highly asymmetric (f{sub DOD} = 0.96). Annealing experiments on samples exhibiting Lam and Hex coexistence revealed the presence of extremely slow transition kinetics, ultimately selective for one or the other but not the more complex gyroid phase. In fact, no evidence of the bicontinuous network was detected over a 2 month annealing period. The ramifications of these results for transport-dependent applications targeting the use of highly segregated poly(IL)-containing BCP systems are carefully considered.« less
  • The development of nanostructured polymeric systems containing directionally continuous poly(ionic liquid) (poly(IL)) domains has considerable implications toward a range of transport-dependent, energy-based technology applications. The controlled, synthetic integration of poly(IL)s into block copolymer (BCP) architectures provides a promising means to this end, based on their inherent ability to self-assemble into a range of defined, periodic morphologies. In this work, we report the melt-state phase behavior of an imidazolium-containing alkyl ionic BCP system, derived from the sequential ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of imidazolium- and alkyl-substituted norbornene monomer derivatives. A series of 16 BCP samples were synthesized, varying both the relative volumemore » fraction of the poly(norbornene dodecyl ester) block (f(DOD) = 0.42-0.96) and the overall molecular weights of the block copolymers (M-n values from 5000-20 100 g mol(-1)). Through a combination of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic rheology, we were able to delineate clear compositional phase boundaries for each of the classic BCP phases, including lamellae (Lam), hexagonally packed cylinders (Hex), and spheres on a body-centered-cubic lattice (S-BCC). Additionally, a liquid-like packing (LLP) of spheres was found for samples located in the extreme asymmetric region of the phase diagram, and a persistent coexistence of Lam and Hex domains was found in lieu of the bicontinuous cubic gyroid phase for samples located at the intersection of Hex and Lam regions. Thermal disordering was opposed even in very low molecular weight samples, detected only when the composition was highly asymmetric (f(DOD) = 0.96). Annealing experiments on samples exhibiting Lam and Hex coexistence revealed the presence of extremely slow transition kinetics, ultimately selective for one or the other but not the more complex gyroid phase. In fact, no evidence of the bicontinuous network was detected over a 2 month annealing period. The ramifications of these results for transport-dependent applications targeting the use of highly segregated poly(IL)-containing BCP systems are carefully considered.« less
  • Binary blends of four different high molecular weight poly(styrene-b-isoprene) (SI) diblock copolymers with a lower molecular weight poly(styrene-b-isoprene-b-styrene) (SIS) triblock copolymer were prepared, and their morphology was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering. All the neat block copolymers have nearly symmetric composition and exhibit the lamellar morphology. The SI diblock copolymers had number-average molecular weights, Mn, in the range 4.4 x 10{sup 5}--1.3 x 10{sup 6} g/mol and volume fractions of poly(styrene), {Phi}{sub PS}, in the range 0.43--0.49, and the SIS triblock had a molecular weight of Mn 6.2 x 10{sup 4} g/mol with {Phi}{sub PS} =more » 0.41. The high molecular weight diblock copolymers are very strongly segregating, with interaction parameter values, {chi}N, in the range 470--1410. A morphological phase diagram in the parameter space of molecular weight ratio (R = M{sub n}{sup diblock}/1/2M{sub n}{sup triblock}) and blend composition was constructed, with R values in the range between 14 and 43, which are higher than previously reported. The phase diagram revealed a large miscibility gap for the blends, with macrophase separation into two distinct types of microphase-separated domains for weight fractions of SI, w{sub SI} < 0.9, implying virtually no solubility of the much higher molecular weight diblocks in the lower molecular weight triblock. For certain blend compositions, above R 30, morphological transitions from the lamellar to cylindrical and bicontinuous structures were also observed.« less
  • Crystals held at ultrahigh elastic strains and stresses may exhibit exceptional physical and chemical properties. Individual metallic nanowires can sustain ultra-large elastic strains of 4-7%. However, retaining elastic strains of such magnitude in kilogram-scale nanowires is challenging. Here, we find that under active load, ~5.6% elastic strain can be achieved in Nb nanowires in a composite material. Moreover, large tensile (2.8%) and compressive (-2.4%) elastic strains can be retained in kilogram-scale Nb nanowires when the composite is unloaded to a free-standing condition. It is then demonstrated that the retained tensile elastic strains of Nb nanowires significantly increase their superconducting transitionmore » temperature and critical magnetic fields, corroborating ab initio calculations based on BCS theory. This free-standing nanocomposite design paradigm opens new avenues for retaining ultra-large elastic strains in great quantities of nanowires and elastic-strain-engineering at industrial scale.« less
  • The phase behavior of poly(isoprene-b-styrene-b-methyl methacrylate) (ISM) copolymers near the styrene-rich network phase window was examined through the use of neat triblock copolymers and copolymer/homopolymer blends. Both end-block and middle-block blending protocols were employed using poly(isoprene) (PI), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and poly(styrene) (PS) homopolymers. Blended specimens exhibited phase transformations to well-ordered nanostructures (at homopolymer loadings up to 26 vol % of the total blend volume). Morphological consistency between neat and blended specimens was established at various locations in the ISM phase space. Copolymer/homopolymer blending permitted the refinement of lamellar, hexagonally packed cylinder, and disordered melt phase boundaries as well asmore » the identification of double gyroid (Q{sup 230}), alternating gyroid (Q{sup 214}), and orthorhombic (O{sup 70}) network regimes. Additionally, the experimental phase diagram exhibited similar trends to those found in a theoretical ABC triblock copolymer phase diagram with symmetric interactions and statistical segments lengths generated by Tyler et al.« less