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Title: Synchrotron-based high-pressure research in materials science



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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: MRS Bulletin; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 06
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Chen, Bin, Lin, Jung-Fu, Chen, Jiuhua, Zhang, Hengzhong, and Zeng, Qiaoshi. Synchrotron-based high-pressure research in materials science. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.110.
Chen, Bin, Lin, Jung-Fu, Chen, Jiuhua, Zhang, Hengzhong, & Zeng, Qiaoshi. Synchrotron-based high-pressure research in materials science. United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.110.
Chen, Bin, Lin, Jung-Fu, Chen, Jiuhua, Zhang, Hengzhong, and Zeng, Qiaoshi. Wed . "Synchrotron-based high-pressure research in materials science". United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.110.
title = {Synchrotron-based high-pressure research in materials science},
author = {Chen, Bin and Lin, Jung-Fu and Chen, Jiuhua and Zhang, Hengzhong and Zeng, Qiaoshi},
abstractNote = {Abstract},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2016.110},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
number = 06,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
  • High energy synchrotron radiation emitted from the bending magnet of the TRISTAN accumulation ring (6.5 GeV) at the National Laboratory for High Energy Physics has been used for the high pressure--high temperature diffraction experiments using a multianvil press system, MAX80. Owing to the specific features of high energy synchroton radiation, significant improvements have been brought to the high pressure research. The wide energy range of diffraction spectrum leads to an increase in the number of observable diffraction peaks in an energy-dispersive method, resulting in an increase in the accuracy of the measurements of the lattice and thermal parameters. Due tomore » the high penetrating power of radiation, diffraction patterns can be taken in a short time from materials containing heavy elements or materials surrounded by a metal foil. Typical examples of high pressure--high temperature experiments with high energy synchrotron radiation are also described.« less
  • A number of new techniques have been developed at the large-volume press (LVP) high-pressure facility at the GeoSoilEnviroCARS (GSECARS) sector of the advanced photon source (APS). This article describes the 10 MN (1000 T) and 2.5 MN (250 T) hydraulic presses in the insertion device (ID) and bending magnet (BM) beamlines, respectively, with several apparatus and various diffraction and imaging techniques developed since the inception of the facility. Several Kawai-type high-pressure modules, whose second-stage anvils range from 10 mm to 25.4 mm in edge lengths, are used in the hydraulic presses, with pressure (P) and temperature (T) capabilities up tomore » 30 GPa and 3000 K. A DIA-type apparatus can be compressed in both presses for studies requiring large sample volumes. A deformation DIA (D-DIA) has been developed to allow controlled deformation studies on both crystalline and glass materials, using monochromatic diffraction and imaging, up to 20 GPa and 1800 K. A high-pressure tomography apparatus is available for conducting tomography studies at high P and T, with a typical spatial resolution of a few micrometers. Toroidal anvil modules provide large 2{theta} angles for studies of non-crystalline materials, and a new large D-DIA module is under construction for double-stage megabar pressure generation as well as deformation on large samples with the capability of acoustic emission detection. The flexible design of the monochromator at the BM beamline makes it feasible to switch between monochromatic and white-beam mode during an experiment, ideal for monochromatic imaging studies (e.g., high-P tomography) with energy-dispersive diffraction for pressure measurements. A new angle-dispersive diffraction technique has been developed for high P-T crystallography studies, where a solid-state detector is step-scanned, thereby collecting a large number of angle-dispersive spectra over a wide range of photon energies recorded in the multi-channel analyzer. An ultrasonic interferometer is available and has been used in several high-pressure modules for acoustic velocity measurements. These unique features allow world-wide users to select the best experimental techniques for tackling a wide range of problems relevant to earth and planetary science, materials science, physics, and chemistry. Scientific highlights are provided and future improvements and prospects are discussed.« less
  • The National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory has been home to a successful high-pressure program for over 20 years. The first dedicated high-pressure diffraction endstation, X17C, was etablished at NSLS in 1990. A large number of new techniques have been developed at this beamline, including double-sided laser heating, single crystal diffraction above 60 GPa, x-ray diffraction measurements in a resistive heated diamond anvil cell (DAC) at 1300 K and 1 megabar, the first high-pressure and low-temperature experiment, and radial diffraction in a DAC.
  • Purpose: Propagation-based phase-contrast CT (PPCT) utilizes highly sensitive phase-contrast technology applied to x-ray microtomography. Performing phase retrieval on the acquired angular projections can enhance image contrast and enable quantitative imaging. In this work, the authors demonstrate the validity and advantages of a novel technique for high-resolution PPCT by using the generalized phase-attenuation duality (PAD) method of phase retrieval. Methods: A high-resolution angular projection data set of a fish head specimen was acquired with a monochromatic 60-keV x-ray beam. In one approach, the projection data were directly used for tomographic reconstruction. In two other approaches, the projection data were preprocessed bymore » phase retrieval based on either the linearized PAD method or the generalized PAD method. The reconstructed images from all three approaches were then compared in terms of tissue contrast-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution. Results: The authors’ experimental results demonstrated the validity of the PPCT technique based on the generalized PAD-based method. In addition, the results show that the authors’ technique is superior to the direct PPCT technique as well as the linearized PAD-based PPCT technique in terms of their relative capabilities for tissue discrimination and characterization. Conclusions: This novel PPCT technique demonstrates great potential for biomedical imaging, especially for applications that require high spatial resolution and limited radiation exposure.« less