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Title: HYDROGEN AND HELIUM PRODUCTION IN STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY NEUTRONS

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1324557
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-07-2587
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NUCLEAR DATA FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; 200704 ; NICE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

HAIGHT, ROBERT C. HYDROGEN AND HELIUM PRODUCTION IN STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY NEUTRONS. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1051/ndata:07518.
HAIGHT, ROBERT C. HYDROGEN AND HELIUM PRODUCTION IN STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY NEUTRONS. United States. doi:10.1051/ndata:07518.
HAIGHT, ROBERT C. Wed . "HYDROGEN AND HELIUM PRODUCTION IN STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY NEUTRONS". United States. doi:10.1051/ndata:07518. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1324557.
@article{osti_1324557,
title = {HYDROGEN AND HELIUM PRODUCTION IN STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY NEUTRONS},
author = {HAIGHT, ROBERT C.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1051/ndata:07518},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 18 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Wed Apr 18 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Conference:
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  • A series of irradiations were conducted in the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) as part of the test program supporting the Accelerator Production of Tritium Program sponsored by US-DOE. In this irradiation campaign, a variety of candidate structural alloys were placed in various particle spectra, ranging from 800 MeV protons to mixed energy distributions of both protons and spallation neutrons and to primarily high energy neutrons. At proton energies on the order of hundreds of MeV, exceptionally high levels of gas atoms are generated in all elemental constituents of typical structural alloys, with helium typically at {approx}150 appm permore » dpa and hydrogen at approximately an order of magnitude greater. Since neither of these gases are considered to have a good effect on structural properties of interest, their retention after both recoil and diffusional losses is of strong interest. Helium is essentially immobile at all temperatures involved in the present work, but hydrogen has some limited temperature-dependent mobility. To assess the degree of retention, each gas was measured in a number of highly irradiated specimens of different alloy compositions and dpa levels. The results show that helium production is relatively insensitive to composition and its retention is nearly total. The retained hydrogen levels, however, are somewhat sensitive to composition, reflecting different levels of diffusional loss, but are still at very large concentrations. There is some speculation that co-generation of helium and hydrogen assists in the trapping of hydrogen and results in relatively high levels of hydrogen retention even at higher irradiation temperatures. The potential implications of these findings on the anticipated performance of structural alloys, especially at higher benchmarks for determination of gas production cross sections is also examined.« less
  • Measurements were made of the hydrogen and helium production cross sections for both natural elements and separated isotopes which are constituents of metal under consideration for the first wall of fusion reactors. (MOW)