skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Relationship between performance deterioration of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used in a seawater desalination plant and changes in its physicochemical properties

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1324333
Grant/Contract Number:
97ER41041; 97ER41033
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-10-06 15:05:02; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1354
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Suzuki, Tasuma, Tanaka, Ryohei, Tahara, Marina, Isamu, Yuya, Niinae, Masakazu, Lin, Lin, Wang, Jingbo, Luh, Jeanne, and Coronell, Orlando. Relationship between performance deterioration of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used in a seawater desalination plant and changes in its physicochemical properties. United Kingdom: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.068.
Suzuki, Tasuma, Tanaka, Ryohei, Tahara, Marina, Isamu, Yuya, Niinae, Masakazu, Lin, Lin, Wang, Jingbo, Luh, Jeanne, & Coronell, Orlando. Relationship between performance deterioration of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used in a seawater desalination plant and changes in its physicochemical properties. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.068.
Suzuki, Tasuma, Tanaka, Ryohei, Tahara, Marina, Isamu, Yuya, Niinae, Masakazu, Lin, Lin, Wang, Jingbo, Luh, Jeanne, and Coronell, Orlando. 2016. "Relationship between performance deterioration of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used in a seawater desalination plant and changes in its physicochemical properties". United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.068.
@article{osti_1324333,
title = {Relationship between performance deterioration of a polyamide reverse osmosis membrane used in a seawater desalination plant and changes in its physicochemical properties},
author = {Suzuki, Tasuma and Tanaka, Ryohei and Tahara, Marina and Isamu, Yuya and Niinae, Masakazu and Lin, Lin and Wang, Jingbo and Luh, Jeanne and Coronell, Orlando},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.068},
journal = {Water Research},
number = C,
volume = 100,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.068

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:
  • An RO (reverse osmosis) desalination plant is proposed as an effective, FLR (flexible load resource) to be integrated into HES (hybrid energy systems) to support various types of ancillary services to the electric grid, under variable operating conditions. To study the dynamic (transient) analysis of such system, among the various unit operations within HES, special attention is given here to the detailed dynamic modeling and control design of RO desalination process with a spiral-wound membrane module. The model incorporates key physical phenomena that have been investigated individually into a dynamic integrated model framework. In particular, the solution-diffusion model modified withmore » the concentration polarization theory is applied to predict RO performance over a large range of operating conditions. Simulation results involving several case studies suggest that an RO desalination plant, acting as a FLR, can provide operational flexibility to participate in energy management at the utility scale by dynamically optimizing the use of excess electrical energy. Here, the incorporation of additional commodity (fresh water) produced from a FLR allows a broader range of HES operations for maximizing overall system performance and profitability. For the purpose of assessing the incorporation of health assessment into process operations, an online condition monitoring approach for RO membrane fouling supervision is addressed in the case study presented.« less
  • A commercial thin film composite polyamide reverse osmosis membrane is used to separate an aqueous phenol-water binary system. The separation data are analyzed using a combined film theory-solution-diffusion (CFSD) model and a combined film theory-Spiegler-Kedem (CFSK) model. In the present investigation a new phenomenon is observed: there exists a maximum in the rejection when it is plotted against the product flux through the membrane. This behavior is explained for both models. An equation for J{sub v,min}, which is the value of the product flux J{sub v} at which the rejection reaches a maximum, is derived from both models. Although themore » parameters for both models are consistent over the range of operating conditions, the CFSK model is more accurate for the phenol-water system.« less
  • Cited by 22
  • In this study, a biocidal coating was developed in order to reduce biofouling on a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane using a quaternary ammonium (QA) functionalized polymer. The synthesis of a series of polysulfone (PS) ionomers with QA groups is described, and a method for spraying these QA ionomers as an alcoholic solution, which dried into water insoluble coatings. Contact angle and streaming potential were used to analyze the coating's hydrophilicity and surface charge. Both PS-QA1 and the commercial RO membrane had an apparent contact angle of 68° that increased to 126° for PS-QA12 corresponding to alkyl chain length. A negativelymore » charged particle-probe was used to measure coated and uncoated RO membrane interaction forces. Measured interaction forces correlated strongly with the length of alkyl chains or hydrophobicity of the coated surfaces. Uncoated RO membranes and ones coated with PS-QA were exposed to suspensions of Escherichia coli cells. All four PS-QA coatings showed significant biotoxicity and killed 100% of the E. coli cells, but uncoated RO membranes had metabolically active biofilms. However, coatings tested in a RO crossflow system showed a flux reduction that is attributed to mass transfer resistance due to excessively thick films.« less
  • Cited by 4