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Title: Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution

Abstract

Neutron scattering techniques offer several unique opportunities in materials research. However, most neutron scattering experiments suffer from the limited flux available at current facilities. This limitation becomes even more severe if time-resolved or kinetic experiments are performed. A new method has been developed which overcomes these limitations when a reversible process is studied, without any compromise on resolution or beam intensity. We demonstrate that, by recording in absolute time the neutron detector events linked to an excitation, information can be resolved on sub-millisecond timescales. Specifically, the concept of the method is demonstrated by neutron reflectivity measurements in time-of-flight mode at the Liquids Reflectometer located at the Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA, combined with in situ rheometry. Finally, the opportunities and limitations of this new technique are evaluated by investigations of a micellar polymer solution offering excellent scattering contrast combined with high sensitivity to shear.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
  2. Inst. Laue-Langevin (ILL), Grenoble (France)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source
  4. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden); Inst. Laue-Langevin (ILL), Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1324122
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; neutron scattering; in situ rheology; block copolymers; time-resolved studies; surface kinetics; large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS); time-of-flight reflectometry

Citation Formats

Adlmann, F. A., Gutfreund, Phillip, Ankner, John Francis, Browning, James F., Parizzi, Andre A., Vacaliuc, Bogdan, Halbert, Candice E., Rich, J. P., Dennison, A. J. C., and Wolff, Max. Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600576714027848.
Adlmann, F. A., Gutfreund, Phillip, Ankner, John Francis, Browning, James F., Parizzi, Andre A., Vacaliuc, Bogdan, Halbert, Candice E., Rich, J. P., Dennison, A. J. C., & Wolff, Max. Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576714027848.
Adlmann, F. A., Gutfreund, Phillip, Ankner, John Francis, Browning, James F., Parizzi, Andre A., Vacaliuc, Bogdan, Halbert, Candice E., Rich, J. P., Dennison, A. J. C., and Wolff, Max. Sun . "Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576714027848. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1324122.
@article{osti_1324122,
title = {Towards neutron scattering experiments with sub-millisecond time resolution},
author = {Adlmann, F. A. and Gutfreund, Phillip and Ankner, John Francis and Browning, James F. and Parizzi, Andre A. and Vacaliuc, Bogdan and Halbert, Candice E. and Rich, J. P. and Dennison, A. J. C. and Wolff, Max},
abstractNote = {Neutron scattering techniques offer several unique opportunities in materials research. However, most neutron scattering experiments suffer from the limited flux available at current facilities. This limitation becomes even more severe if time-resolved or kinetic experiments are performed. A new method has been developed which overcomes these limitations when a reversible process is studied, without any compromise on resolution or beam intensity. We demonstrate that, by recording in absolute time the neutron detector events linked to an excitation, information can be resolved on sub-millisecond timescales. Specifically, the concept of the method is demonstrated by neutron reflectivity measurements in time-of-flight mode at the Liquids Reflectometer located at the Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA, combined with in situ rheometry. Finally, the opportunities and limitations of this new technique are evaluated by investigations of a micellar polymer solution offering excellent scattering contrast combined with high sensitivity to shear.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600576714027848},
journal = {Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 48,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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