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Title: Measurement of Size-dependent Dynamic Shape Factors of Quartz Particles in Two Flow Regimes

Abstract

Understanding and modeling the behavior of quartz dust particles, commonly found in the atmosphere, requires knowledge of many relevant particles properties, including particle shape. This study uses a single particle mass spectrometer, a differential mobility analyzer, and an aerosol particle mass analyzer to measure quartz aerosol particles mobility, aerodynamic, and volume equivalent diameters, mass, composition, effective density, and dynamic shape factor as a function of particle size, in both the free molecular and transition flow regimes. The results clearly demonstrate that dynamic shape factors can vary significantly as a function of particle size. For the quartz samples studied here, the dynamic shape factors increase with size, indicating that larger particles are significantly more aspherical than smaller particles. In addition, dynamic shape factors measured in the free-molecular (χv) and transition (χt) flow regimes can be significantly different, and these differences vary with the size of the quartz particles. For quartz, χv of small (d < 200 nm) particles is 1.25, while χv of larger particles (d ~ 440 nm) is 1.6, with a continuously increasing trend with particle size. In contrast χt, of small particles starts at 1.1 increasing slowly to 1.34 for 550 nm diameter particles. The multidimensional particle characterizationmore » approach used here goes beyond determination of average properties for each size, to provide additional information about how the particle dynamic shape factor may vary even for particles with the same mass and volume equivalent diameter.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1322489
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-114814
Journal ID: ISSN 0278-6826; 48380; KC0302020
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Aerosol Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
size-dependent shape of quartz particles; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Alexander, Jennifer M., Bell, David M., Imre, D., Kleiber, Paul, Grassian, Vicki H., and Zelenyuk, Alla. Measurement of Size-dependent Dynamic Shape Factors of Quartz Particles in Two Flow Regimes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1080/02786826.2016.1200006.
Alexander, Jennifer M., Bell, David M., Imre, D., Kleiber, Paul, Grassian, Vicki H., & Zelenyuk, Alla. Measurement of Size-dependent Dynamic Shape Factors of Quartz Particles in Two Flow Regimes. United States. doi:10.1080/02786826.2016.1200006.
Alexander, Jennifer M., Bell, David M., Imre, D., Kleiber, Paul, Grassian, Vicki H., and Zelenyuk, Alla. 2016. "Measurement of Size-dependent Dynamic Shape Factors of Quartz Particles in Two Flow Regimes". United States. doi:10.1080/02786826.2016.1200006.
@article{osti_1322489,
title = {Measurement of Size-dependent Dynamic Shape Factors of Quartz Particles in Two Flow Regimes},
author = {Alexander, Jennifer M. and Bell, David M. and Imre, D. and Kleiber, Paul and Grassian, Vicki H. and Zelenyuk, Alla},
abstractNote = {Understanding and modeling the behavior of quartz dust particles, commonly found in the atmosphere, requires knowledge of many relevant particles properties, including particle shape. This study uses a single particle mass spectrometer, a differential mobility analyzer, and an aerosol particle mass analyzer to measure quartz aerosol particles mobility, aerodynamic, and volume equivalent diameters, mass, composition, effective density, and dynamic shape factor as a function of particle size, in both the free molecular and transition flow regimes. The results clearly demonstrate that dynamic shape factors can vary significantly as a function of particle size. For the quartz samples studied here, the dynamic shape factors increase with size, indicating that larger particles are significantly more aspherical than smaller particles. In addition, dynamic shape factors measured in the free-molecular (χv) and transition (χt) flow regimes can be significantly different, and these differences vary with the size of the quartz particles. For quartz, χv of small (d < 200 nm) particles is 1.25, while χv of larger particles (d ~ 440 nm) is 1.6, with a continuously increasing trend with particle size. In contrast χt, of small particles starts at 1.1 increasing slowly to 1.34 for 550 nm diameter particles. The multidimensional particle characterization approach used here goes beyond determination of average properties for each size, to provide additional information about how the particle dynamic shape factor may vary even for particles with the same mass and volume equivalent diameter.},
doi = {10.1080/02786826.2016.1200006},
journal = {Aerosol Science and Technology},
number = 8,
volume = 50,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
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