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Title: A Techno-Economic Analysis of Emission Controls on Hydrocarbon Biofuel Production

Abstract

Biofuels have the potential to reduce our dependency on petroleum-derived transportation fuels and decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Although the overall GHG emissions from biofuels are expected to be lower when compared to those of petroleum fuels, the process of converting biomass feedstocks into biofuels emits various air pollutants, which may be subject to federal air quality regulation or emission limits. While prior research has evaluated the technical and economic feasibility of biofuel technologies, gaps still exist in understanding the regulatory issues associated with the biorefineries and their economic implications on biofuel production costs (referred to as minimum fuel selling price (MFSP) in this study). The aim of our research is to evaluate the economic impact of implementing emission reduction technologies at biorefineries and estimate the cost effectiveness of two primary control technologies that may be required for air permitting purposes. We analyze a lignocellulosic sugars-to-hydrocarbon biofuel production pathway developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and implement air emission controls in Aspen Plus to evaluate how they affect the MFSP. Results from this analysis can help inform decisions about biorefinery siting and sizing, as well as mitigate the risks associated with air permitting.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1320393
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-6A20-67061
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 109th Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition (ACE 2016), 20-23 June 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; biofuel; federal air regulations; techno-economic analysis; biofuel production cost; emission controls

Citation Formats

Bhatt, Arpit, Zhang, Yimin, Davis, Ryan, Eberle, Annika, and Heath, Garvin. A Techno-Economic Analysis of Emission Controls on Hydrocarbon Biofuel Production. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Bhatt, Arpit, Zhang, Yimin, Davis, Ryan, Eberle, Annika, & Heath, Garvin. A Techno-Economic Analysis of Emission Controls on Hydrocarbon Biofuel Production. United States.
Bhatt, Arpit, Zhang, Yimin, Davis, Ryan, Eberle, Annika, and Heath, Garvin. Thu . "A Techno-Economic Analysis of Emission Controls on Hydrocarbon Biofuel Production". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_1320393,
title = {A Techno-Economic Analysis of Emission Controls on Hydrocarbon Biofuel Production},
author = {Bhatt, Arpit and Zhang, Yimin and Davis, Ryan and Eberle, Annika and Heath, Garvin},
abstractNote = {Biofuels have the potential to reduce our dependency on petroleum-derived transportation fuels and decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Although the overall GHG emissions from biofuels are expected to be lower when compared to those of petroleum fuels, the process of converting biomass feedstocks into biofuels emits various air pollutants, which may be subject to federal air quality regulation or emission limits. While prior research has evaluated the technical and economic feasibility of biofuel technologies, gaps still exist in understanding the regulatory issues associated with the biorefineries and their economic implications on biofuel production costs (referred to as minimum fuel selling price (MFSP) in this study). The aim of our research is to evaluate the economic impact of implementing emission reduction technologies at biorefineries and estimate the cost effectiveness of two primary control technologies that may be required for air permitting purposes. We analyze a lignocellulosic sugars-to-hydrocarbon biofuel production pathway developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and implement air emission controls in Aspen Plus to evaluate how they affect the MFSP. Results from this analysis can help inform decisions about biorefinery siting and sizing, as well as mitigate the risks associated with air permitting.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 23 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu Jun 23 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Conference:
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